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Manual Reference Pages  -  M17NCHARSET (3)

NAME

Charset - Charset objects and API for them.

    Variables: Symbols representing a charset.

Each of the following symbols represents a predefined charset.     MSymbol Mcharset_ascii
Symbol representing the charset ASCII.     MSymbol Mcharset_iso_8859_1
Symbol representing the charset ISO/IEC 8859/1.     MSymbol Mcharset_unicode
Symbol representing the charset Unicode.     MSymbol Mcharset_m17n
Symbol representing the largest charset.     MSymbol Mcharset_binary
Symbol representing the charset for ill-decoded characters.

    Variables: Parameter keys for mchar_define_charset().

These are the predefined symbols to use as parameter keys for the function mchar_define_charset() (which see).     MSymbol Mmethod    
MSymbol Mdimension    
MSymbol Mmin_range    
MSymbol Mmax_range    
MSymbol Mmin_code    
MSymbol Mmax_code    
MSymbol Mascii_compatible    
MSymbol Mfinal_byte    
MSymbol Mrevision    
MSymbol Mmin_char    
MSymbol Mmapfile    
MSymbol Mparents    
MSymbol Msubset_offset    
MSymbol Mdefine_coding    
MSymbol Maliases

    Variables: Symbols representing charset methods.

These are the predefined symbols that can be a value of the Mmethod parameter of a charset used in an argument to the mchar_define_charset() function.

A method specifies how code-points and character codes are converted. See the documentation of the mchar_define_charset() function for the details.     MSymbol Moffset
Symbol for the offset type method of charset.     MSymbol Mmap
Symbol for the map type method of charset.     MSymbol Munify
Symbol for the unify type method of charset.     MSymbol Msubset
Symbol for the subset type method of charset.     MSymbol Msuperset
Symbol for the superset type method of charset.

    Defines

    #define MCHAR_INVALID_CODE
Invalid code-point.

    Functions

    MSymbol mchar_define_charset (const char *name, MPlist *plist)
Define a charset.     MSymbol mchar_resolve_charset (MSymbol symbol)
Resolve charset name.     int mchar_list_charset (MSymbol **symbols)
List symbols representing charsets.     int mchar_decode (MSymbol charset_name, unsigned code)
Decode a code-point.     unsigned mchar_encode (MSymbol charset_name, int c)
Encode a character code.     int mchar_map_charset (MSymbol charset_name, void(*func)(int from, int to, void *arg), void *func_arg)
Call a function for all the characters in a specified charset.

    Variables

    MSymbol Mcharset
The symbol Mcharset.

CONTENTS

Copyright

Detailed Description

Charset objects and API for them.

The m17n library uses charset objects to represent a coded character sets (CCS). The m17n library supports many predefined coded character sets. r, application programs can add other charsets. A character can belong to multiple charsets.

The m17n library distinguishes the following three concepts:

o A code-point is a number assigned by the CCS to each character. Code-points may or may not be continuous. The type unsigned is used to represent a code-point. An invalid code-point is represented by the macro MCHAR_INVALID_CODE.
o A character index is the canonical index of a character in a CCS. The character that has the character index N occupies the Nth position when all the characters in the current CCS are sorted by their code-points. Character indices in a CCS are continuous and start with 0.
o A character code is the internal representation in the m17n library of a character. A character code is a signed integer of 21 bits or longer.
Each charset object defines how characters are converted between code-points and character codes. To encode means converting code-points to character codes and to decode means converting character codes to code-points.

Define Documentation

    #define MCHAR_INVALID_CODE

Invalid code-point.

The macro MCHAR_INVALID_CODE gives the invalid code-point.

Variable Documentation

MSymbol Mcharset_ascii

Symbol representing the charset ASCII.

The symbol Mcharset_ascii has name ’ascii’ and represents the charset ISO 646, USA Version X3.4-1968 (ISO-IR-6).

MSymbol Mcharset_iso_8859_1

Symbol representing the charset ISO/IEC 8859/1.

The symbol Mcharset_iso_8859_1 has name ’iso-8859-1’ and represents the charset ISO/IEC 8859-1:1998.

MSymbol Mcharset_unicode

Symbol representing the charset Unicode.

The symbol Mcharset_unicode has name ’unicode’ and represents the charset Unicode.

MSymbol Mcharset_m17n

Symbol representing the largest charset.

The symbol Mcharset_m17n has name ’m17n’ and represents the charset that contains all characters supported by the m17n library.

MSymbol Mcharset_binary

Symbol representing the charset for ill-decoded characters.

The symbol Mcharset_binary has name ’binary’ and represents the fake charset which the decoding functions put to an M-text as a text property when they encounter an invalid byte (sequence).

See Code Conversion for more details.

MSymbol Mmethod

MSymbol Mdimension

MSymbol Mmin_range

MSymbol Mmax_range

MSymbol Mmin_code

MSymbol Mmax_code

MSymbol Mascii_compatible

MSymbol Mfinal_byte

MSymbol Mrevision

MSymbol Mmin_char

MSymbol Mmapfile

MSymbol Mparents

MSymbol Msubset_offset

MSymbol Mdefine_coding

MSymbol Maliases

MSymbol Moffset

Symbol for the offset type method of charset.

The symbol Moffset has the name ’offset’ and, when used as a value of Mmethod parameter of a charset, it means that the conversion of code-points and character codes of the charset is done by this calculation:

CHARACTER-CODE = CODE-POINT - MIN-CODE + MIN-CHAR

where, MIN-CODE is a value of Mmin_code parameter of the charset, and MIN-CHAR is a value of Mmin_char parameter.

MSymbol Mmap

Symbol for the map type method of charset.

The symbol Mmap has the name ’map’ and, when used as a value of Mmethod parameter of a charset, it means that the conversion of code-points and character codes of the charset is done by map looking up. The map must be given by Mmapfile parameter.

MSymbol Munify

Symbol for the unify type method of charset.

The symbol Munify has the name ’unify’ and, when used as a value of Mmethod parameter of a charset, it means that the conversion of code-points and character codes of the charset is done by map looking up and offsetting. The map must be given by Mmapfile parameter. For this kind of charset, a unique continuous character code space for all characters is assigned.

If the map has an entry for a code-point, the conversion is done by looking up the map. Otherwise, the conversion is done by this calculation:

CHARACTER-CODE = CODE-POINT - MIN-CODE + LOWEST-CHAR-CODE

where, MIN-CODE is a value of Mmin_code parameter of the charset, and LOWEST-CHAR-CODE is the lowest character code of the assigned code space.

MSymbol Msubset

Symbol for the subset type method of charset.

The symbol Msubset has the name ’subset’ and, when used as a value of Mmethod parameter of a charset, it means that the charset is a subset of a parent charset. The parent charset must be given by Mparents parameter. The conversion of code-points and character codes of the charset is done conceptually by this calculation:

CHARACTER-CODE = PARENT-CODE (CODE-POINT) + SUBSET-OFFSET

where, PARENT-CODE is a pseudo function that returns a character code of CODE-POINT in the parent charset, and SUBSET-OFFSET is a value given by Msubset_offset parameter.

MSymbol Msuperset

Symbol for the superset type method of charset.

The symbol Msuperset has the name ’superset’ and, when used as a value of Mmethod parameter of a charset, it means that the charset is a superset of parent charsets. The parent charsets must be given by Mparents parameter.

MSymbol Mcharset

The symbol Mcharset.

Any decoded M-text has a text property whose key is the predefined symbol Mcharset. The name of Mcharset is ’charset’.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2001 Information-technology Promotion Agency (IPA)
Copyright (C) 2001-2009 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/fdl.html>.
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CHARSET (3m17n) 15 Oct 2009

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