Manual Reference Pages - MODERN::TEXT::WRAP (3)
Text::Wrap - line wrapping to form simple paragraphs
$initial_tab = "\t"; # Tab before first line
$subsequent_tab = ""; # All other lines flush left
print wrap($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);
print fill($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);
$lines = wrap($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);
@paragraphs = fill($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);
use Text::Wrap qw(wrap $columns $huge);
$columns = 132; # Wrap at 132 characters
$huge = die;
$huge = wrap;
$huge = overflow;
$Text::Wrap::columns = 72;
print wrap(, , @text);
Text::Wrap::wrap() is a very simple paragraph formatter. It formats a
single paragraph at a time by breaking lines at word boundaries.
Indentation is controlled for the first line ($initial_tab) and
all subsequent lines ($subsequent_tab) independently. Please note:
$initial_tab and $subsequent_tab are the literal strings that will
be used: it is unlikely you would want to pass in a number.
Text::Wrap::fill() is a simple multi-paragraph formatter. It formats
each paragraph separately and then joins them together when its done. It
will destroy any whitespace in the original text. It breaks text into
paragraphs by looking for whitespace after a newline. In other respects,
it acts like wrap().
wrap() compresses trailing whitespace into one newline, and fill()
deletes all trailing whitespace.
Both wrap() and fill() return a single string.
Unlike the old Unix fmt(1) utility, this module correctly accounts for
any Unicode combining characters (such as diacriticals) that may occur
in each line for both expansion and unexpansion. These are overstrike
characters that do not increment the logical position. Make sure
you have the appropriate Unicode settings enabled.
Text::Wrap::wrap() has a number of variables that control its behavior.
Because other modules might be using Text::Wrap::wrap() it is suggested
that you leave these variables alone! If you cant do that, then
use local($Text::Wrap::VARIABLE) = YOURVALUE when you change the
values so that the original value is restored. This local() trick
will not work if you import the variable into your own namespace.
Lines are wrapped at $Text::Wrap::columns columns (default value: 76).
$Text::Wrap::columns should be set to the full width of your output
device. In fact, every resulting line will have length of no more than
$columns - 1.
It is possible to control which characters terminate words by
modifying $Text::Wrap::break. Set this to a string such as
[\s:] (to break before spaces or colons) or a pre-compiled regexp
such as qr/[\s]/ (to break before spaces or apostrophes). The
default is simply \s; that is, words are terminated by spaces.
(This means, among other things, that trailing punctuation such as
full stops or commas stay with the word they are attached to.)
Setting $Text::Wrap::break to a regular expression that doesnt
eat any characters (perhaps just a forward look-ahead assertion) will
Beginner note: In example 2, above $columns is imported into
the local namespace, and set locally. In example 3,
$Text::Wrap::columns is set in its own namespace without importing it.
Text::Wrap::wrap() starts its work by expanding all the tabs in its
input into spaces. The last thing it does it to turn spaces back
into tabs. If you do not want tabs in your results, set
$Text::Wrap::unexpand to a false value. Likewise if you do not
want to use 8-character tabstops, set $Text::Wrap::tabstop to
the number of characters you do want for your tabstops.
If you want to separate your lines with something other than \n
then set $Text::Wrap::separator to your preference. This replaces
all newlines with $Text::Wrap::separator. If you just want to
preserve existing newlines but add new breaks with something else, set
When words that are longer than $columns are encountered, they
are broken up. wrap() adds a "\n" at column $columns.
This behavior can be overridden by setting $huge to
die or to overflow. When set to die, large words will cause
die() to be called. When set to overflow, large words will be
Historical notes: die used to be the default value of
$huge. Now, wrap is the default value.
This is a bit of text that forms
a normal book-style indented paragraph
" This is a bit of text that forms
a normal book-style indented paragraph
print wrap("","","This is a bit of text that forms a normal book-style paragraph");
"This is a bit of|text that forms a|normal book-style|paragraph"
This module comes in two flavors: one for modern perls (5.10 and above)
and one for ancient obsolete perls. The version for modern perls has
support for Unicode. The version for old perls does not. You can tell
which version you have installed by looking at $Text::Wrap::SUBVERSION:
it is old for obsolete perls and modern for current perls.
This man page is for the version for modern perls and so thats probably
what youve got.
For correct handling of East Asian half- and full-width characters,
see Text::WrapI18N. For more detailed controls: Text::Format.
David Muir Sharnoff <email@example.com> with help from Tim Pierce and
many many others.
Copyright (C) 1996-2009 David Muir Sharnoff.
Copyright (C) 2012-2013 Google, Inc.
This module may be modified, used, copied, and redistributed at your own risk.
Although allowed by the preceding license, please do not publicly
redistribute modified versions of this code with the name Text::Wrap
unless it passes the unmodified Text::Wrap test suite.
|perl v5.20.3 ||LIB.MODERN::TEXT::WRAP (3) ||2013-05-23 |
Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.