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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  PMC.K7 (3)

NAME

pmc.k7 - measurement events for AMD Athlon (K7 family) CPUs

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
     PMC Features
     Event Qualifiers
     AMD K7 Event Specifiers
     Event Name Aliases
See Also
History
Authors

LIBRARY


.Lb libpmc

SYNOPSIS


.In pmc.h

DESCRIPTION

AMD K7 PMCs are present in the AMD Athlon series of CPUs and are documented in:
.Rs
.Re

    PMC Features

AMD K7 PMCs are 48 bits wide. Each K7 CPU contains 4 PMCs with the following capabilities:
Capability      Support
PMC_CAP_CASCADE      No
PMC_CAP_EDGE      Yes
PMC_CAP_INTERRUPT      Yes
PMC_CAP_INVERT      Yes
PMC_CAP_READ      Yes
PMC_CAP_PRECISE      No
PMC_CAP_SYSTEM      Yes
PMC_CAP_TAGGING      No
PMC_CAP_THRESHOLD      Yes
PMC_CAP_USER      Yes
PMC_CAP_WRITE      Yes
 

    Event Qualifiers

Event specifiers for AMD K7 PMCs can have the following optional qualifiers:
count= value
  Configure the counter to increment only if the number of configured events measured in a cycle is greater than or equal to value.
edge Configure the counter to only count negated-to-asserted transitions of the conditions expressed by the other qualifiers. In other words, the counter will increment only once whenever a given condition becomes true, irrespective of the number of clocks during which the condition remains true.
inv Invert the sense of comparison when the "count" qualifier is present, making the counter to increment when the number of events per cycle is less than the value specified by the "count" qualifier.
os Configure the PMC to count events happening at privilege level 0.
unitmask= mask
  This qualifier is used to further qualify a select few events, "k7-dc-refills-from-l2", "k7-dc-refills-from-system" and "k7-dc-writebacks". Here mask is a string of the following characters optionally separated by +’ characters:

m Count operations for lines in the "Modified" state.
o Count operations for lines in the "Owner" state.
e Count operations for lines in the "Exclusive" state.
s Count operations for lines in the "Shared" state.
i Count operations for lines in the "Invalid" state.

If no "unitmask" qualifier is specified, the default is to count events for caches lines in any of the above states.
usr Configure the PMC to count events occurring at privilege levels 1, 2 or 3.

If neither of the "os" or "usr" qualifiers were specified, the default is to enable both.

    AMD K7 Event Specifiers

The event specifiers supported on AMD K7 PMCs are:
k7-dc-accesses
  (Event 40H) Count data cache accesses.
k7-dc-misses
  (Event 41H) Count data cache misses.
k7-dc-refills-from-l2 [,unitmask= mask]
  (Event 42H) Count data cache refills from L2 cache. This event may be further qualified using the "unitmask" qualifier.
k7-dc-refills-from-system [,unitmask= mask]
  (Event 43H) Count data cache refills from system memory. This event may be further qualified using the "unitmask" qualifier.
k7-dc-writebacks [,unitmask= mask]
  (Event 44H) Count data cache writebacks. This event may be further qualified using the "unitmask" qualifier.
k7-hardware-interrupts
  (Event CFH) Count the number of taken hardware interrupts.
k7-ic-fetches
  (Event 80H) Count instruction cache fetches.
k7-ic-misses
  (Event 81H) Count instruction cache misses.
k7-interrupts-masked-cycles
  (Event CDH) Count the number of cycles when the processor’s IF flag was zero.
k7-interrupts-masked-while-pending-cycles
  (Event CEH) Count the number of cycles interrupts were masked while pending due to the processor’s IF flag being zero.
k7-l1-and-l2-dtlb-misses
  (Event 46H) Count L1 and L2 DTLB misses.
k7-l1-dtlb-miss-and-l2-dtlb-hits
  (Event 45H) Count L1 DTLB misses and L2 DTLB hits.
k7-l1-itlb-misses
  (Event 84H) Count L1 ITLB misses that are L2 ITLB hits.
k7-l1-l2-itlb-misses
  (Event 85H) Count L1 (and L2) ITLB misses.
k7-misaligned-references
  (Event 47H) Count misaligned data references.
k7-retired-branches
  (Event C2H) Count all retired branches (conditional, unconditional, exceptions and interrupts).
k7-retired-branches-mispredicted
  (Event C3H) Count all mispredicted retired branches.
k7-retired-far-control-transfers
  (Event C6H) Count retired far control transfers.
k7-retired-instructions
  (Event C0H) Count all retired instructions.
k7-retired-ops
  (Event C1H) Count retired ops.
k7-retired-resync-branches
  (Event C7H) Count retired resync branches (non control transfer branches).
k7-retired-taken-branches
  (Event C4H) Count retired taken branches.
k7-retired-taken-branches-mispredicted
  (Event C5H) Count mispredicted taken branches that were retired.

    Event Name Aliases

The following table shows the mapping between the PMC-independent aliases supported by
.Lb libpmc and the underlying hardware events used.
Alias      Event
branches      k7-retired-branches
branch-mispredicts      k7-retired-branches-mispredicted
dc-misses      k7-dc-misses
ic-misses      k7-ic-misses
instructions      k7-retired-instructions
interrupts      k7-hardware-interrupts
unhalted-cycles      (unsupported)
 

SEE ALSO

pmc(3), pmc.atom(3), pmc.core(3), pmc.core2(3), pmc.iaf(3), pmc.k8(3), pmc.p4(3), pmc.p5(3), pmc.p6(3), pmc.soft(3), pmc.tsc(3), pmclog(3), hwpmc(4)

HISTORY

The pmc library first appeared in
.Fx 6.0 .

AUTHORS

The
.Lb libpmc library was written by
.An Joseph Koshy <jkoshy@FreeBSD.org>.
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