GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  PMC.P4 (3)

NAME

pmc.p4 - measurement events for Intel Pentium 4 and other Netburst architecture CPUs

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
     PMC Features
     Event Qualifiers
     Event Name Aliases
See Also
History
Authors

LIBRARY


.Lb libpmc

SYNOPSIS


.In pmc.h

DESCRIPTION

Intel P4 PMCs are present in Intel Pentium 4 and Xeon processors that use the Netburst CPU architecture.

These PMCs are documented in
.Rs Volume 3: System Programming Guide
.Re Further information about using these PMCs may be found in
.Rs
.Re Some of these events are affected by processor errata described in
.Rs
.Re

    PMC Features

Intel Pentium 4 PMCs are 40 bits wide. Each CPU contains 18 PMCs, divided into 4 groups with 4, 4, 4 and 6 PMCs respectively. On processors with hyperthreading support, PMC resources are shared between logical processors. These PMCs support the following capabilities:
Capability      Support
PMC_CAP_CASCADE      Yes
PMC_CAP_EDGE      Yes
PMC_CAP_INTERRUPT      Yes
PMC_CAP_INVERT      Yes
PMC_CAP_READ      Yes
PMC_CAP_PRECISE      Unimplemented
PMC_CAP_SYSTEM      Yes
PMC_CAP_TAGGING      Yes
PMC_CAP_THRESHOLD      Yes
PMC_CAP_USER      Yes
PMC_CAP_WRITE      Yes
 

    Event Qualifiers

Event specifiers for Intel P4 PMCs can have the following common qualifiers:
active= choice
  (On P4 HTT CPUs) Filter event counting based on which logical processors are active. The allowed values of choice are:

any Count when either logical processor is active.
both Count when both logical processors are active.
none Count only when neither logical processor is active.
single
  Count only when one logical processor is active.

The default is "both".
cascade
  Configure the PMC to cascade onto its partner. See Cascading P4 PMCs below for more information.
edge Configure the counter to count false to true transitions of the threshold comparison output. This qualifier only takes effect if a threshold qualifier has also been specified.
complement
  Configure the counter to increment only when the event count seen is less than the threshold qualifier value specified.
mask= qualifier
  Many event specifiers for Intel P4 PMCs need to be additionally qualified using a mask qualifier. The allowed syntax for these qualifiers is event specific and is described along with the events.
os Configure the PMC to count when the CPL of the processor is 0.
precise
  Select precise event based sampling. Precise sampling is supported by the hardware for a limited set of events.
tag= value
  Configure the PMC to tag the internal uop selected by the other fields in this event specifier with value value. This feature is used when cascading PMCs.
threshold= value
  Configure the PMC to increment only when the event counts seen are greater than the specified threshold value value.
usr Configure the PMC to count when the CPL of the processor is 1, 2 or 3.

If neither of the "os" or "usr" qualifiers are specified, the default is to enable both.

On Intel Pentium 4 processors with HTT, events are divided into two classes:

TS Events
  are those where hardware can differentiate between events generated on one logical processor from those generated on the other.
TI Events
  are those where hardware cannot differentiate between events generated by multiple logical processors in a package.

Only TS events are allowed for use with process-mode PMCs on Pentium-4/HTT CPUs.

The event specifiers supported by Intel P4 PMCs are:
p4-128bit-mmx-uop [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count integer SIMD SSE2 instructions that operate on 128 bit SIMD operands. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

all Count all uops operating on 128 bit SIMD integer operands in memory or XMM register.

If an instruction contains more than one 128 bit MMX uop, then each uop will be counted.
p4-64bit-mmx-uop [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count MMX instructions that operate on 64 bit SIMD operands. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

all Count all uops operating on 64 bit SIMD integer operands in memory or in MMX registers.

If an instruction contains more than one 64 bit MMX uop, then each uop will be counted.
p4-b2b-cycles
  (TI event) Count back-to-back bus cycles. Further documentation for this event is unavailable.
p4-bnr
  (TI event) Count bus-not-ready conditions. Further documentation for this event is unavailable.
p4-bpu-fetch-request [,mask= qualifier]
  (TS event) Count instruction fetch requests qualified by additional flags specified in qualifier. At this point only one flag is supported:

tcmiss
  Count trace cache lookup misses.

The default qualifier is also "mask=tcmiss".
p4-branch-retired [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Counts retired branches. Qualifier flags is a list of the following +’ separated strings:

mmnp Count branches not-taken and predicted.
mmnm Count branches not-taken and mis-predicted.
mmtp Count branches taken and predicted.
mmtm Count branches taken and mis-predicted.

The default qualifier counts all four kinds of branches.
p4-bsq-active-entries [,mask= qualifier]
  (TS event) Count the number of entries (clipped at 15) currently active in the BSQ. Qualifier qualifier is a +’ separated set of the following flags:

req-type0, req-type1
  Forms a 2-bit number used to select the request type encoding:

0 reads excluding read invalidate
1 read invalidates
2 writes other than writebacks
3 writebacks

Bit "req-type1" is the MSB for this two bit number.
req-len0, req-len1
  Forms a two-bit number that specifies the request length encoding:

0 0 chunks
1 1 chunk
3 8 chunks

Bit "req-len1" is the MSB for this two bit number.
req-io-type
  Count requests that are input or output requests.
req-lock-type
  Count requests that lock the bus.
req-lock-cache
  Count requests that lock the cache.
req-split-type
  Count requests that is a bus 8-byte chunk that is split across an 8-byte boundary.
req-dem-type
  Count requests that are demand (not prefetches) if set. Count requests that are prefetches if not set.
req-ord-type
  Count requests that are ordered.
mem-type0, mem-type1, mem-type2
  Forms a 3-bit number that specifies a memory type encoding:

0 UC
1 USWC
4 WT
5 WP
6 WB

Bit "mem-type2" is the MSB of this 3-bit number.

The default qualifier has all the above bits set.

Edge triggering using the "edge" qualifier should not be used with this event when counting cycles.
p4-bsq-allocation [,mask= qualifier]
  (TS event) Count allocations in the bus sequence unit according to the flags specified in qualifier, which is a +’ separated set of the following flags:

req-type0, req-type1
  Forms a 2-bit number used to select the request type encoding:

0 reads excluding read invalidate
1 read invalidates
2 writes other than writebacks
3 writebacks

Bit "req-type1" is the MSB for this two bit number.
req-len0, req-len1
  Forms a two-bit number that specifies the request length encoding:

0 0 chunks
1 1 chunk
3 8 chunks

Bit "req-len1" is the MSB for this two bit number.
req-io-type
  Count requests that are input or output requests.
req-lock-type
  Count requests that lock the bus.
req-lock-cache
  Count requests that lock the cache.
req-split-type
  Count requests that is a bus 8-byte chunk that is split across an 8-byte boundary.
req-dem-type
  Count requests that are demand (not prefetches) if set. Count requests that are prefetches if not set.
req-ord-type
  Count requests that are ordered.
mem-type0, mem-type1, mem-type2
  Forms a 3-bit number that specifies a memory type encoding:

0 UC
1 USWC
4 WT
5 WP
6 WB

Bit "mem-type2" is the MSB of this 3-bit number.

The default qualifier has all the above bits set.

This event is usually used along with the "edge" qualifier to avoid multiple counting.
p4-bsq-cache-reference [,mask= qualifier]
  (TS event) Count cache references as seen by the bus unit (2nd or 3rd level cache references). Qualifier qualifier is a +’ separated list of the following keywords:

rd-2ndl-hits
  Count 2nd level cache hits in the shared state.
rd-2ndl-hite
  Count 2nd level cache hits in the exclusive state.
rd-2ndl-hitm
  Count 2nd level cache hits in the modified state.
rd-3rdl-hits
  Count 3rd level cache hits in the shared state.
rd-3rdl-hite
  Count 3rd level cache hits in the exclusive state.
rd-3rdl-hitm
  Count 3rd level cache hits in the modified state.
rd-2ndl-miss
  Count 2nd level cache misses.
rd-3rdl-miss
  Count 3rd level cache misses.
wr-2ndl-miss
  Count write-back lookups from the data access cache that miss the 2nd level cache.

The default is to count all the above events.
p4-execution-event [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count the retirement of tagged uops selected through the execution tagging mechanism. Qualifier flags can contain the following strings separated by +’ characters:

nbogus0, nbogus1, nbogus2, nbogus3
  The marked uops are not bogus.
bogus0, bogus1, bogus2, bogus3
  The marked uops are bogus.

This event requires additional (upstream) events to be allocated to perform the desired uop tagging. The default is to set all the above flags. This event can be used for precise event based sampling.
p4-front-end-event [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count the retirement of tagged uops selected through the front-end tagging mechanism. Qualifier flags can contain the following strings separated by +’ characters:

nbogus
  The marked uops are not bogus.
bogus The marked uops are bogus.

This event requires additional (upstream) events to be allocated to perform the desired uop tagging. The default is to select both kinds of events. This event can be used for precise event based sampling.
p4-fsb-data-activity [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count each DBSY or DRDY event selected by qualifier flags. Qualifier flags is a +’ separated set of the following flags:

drdy-drv
  Count when this processor is driving data onto the bus.
drdy-own
  Count when this processor is reading data from the bus.
drdy-other
  Count when data is on the bus but not being sampled by this processor.
dbsy-drv
  Count when this processor reserves the bus for use in the next cycle in order to drive data.
dbsy-own
  Count when some agent reserves the bus for use in the next bus cycle to drive data that this processor will sample.
dbsy-other
  Count when some agent reserves the bus for use in the next bus cycle to drive data that this processor will not sample.

Flags "drdy-own" and "drdy-other" are mutually exclusive. Flags "dbsy-own" and "dbsy-other" are mutually exclusive. The default value for qualifier is "drdy-drv+drdy-own+dbsy-drv+dbsy-own".
p4-global-power-events [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count cycles during which the processor is not stopped. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

running
  Count cycles when the processor is active.

p4-instr-retired [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count instructions retired during a clock cycle. Qualifier flags comprises of the following strings separated by +’ characters:

nbogusntag
  Count non-bogus instructions that are not tagged.
nbogustag
  Count non-bogus instructions that are tagged.
bogusntag
  Count bogus instructions that are not tagged.
bogustag
  Count bogus instructions that are tagged.

The default qualifier counts all the above kinds of instructions.
p4-ioq-active-entries Xo
  [,mask= qualifier] [,busreqtype= req-type]
  (TS event) Count the number of entries (clipped at 15) in the IOQ that are active. The event masks are specified by qualifier qualifier and req-type.

Qualifier qualifier is a +’ separated set of the following flags:

all-read
  Count read entries.
all-write
  Count write entries.
mem-uc
  Count entries accessing un-cacheable memory.
mem-wc
  Count entries accessing write-combining memory.
mem-wt
  Count entries accessing write-through memory.
mem-wp
  Count entries accessing write-protected memory
mem-wb
  Count entries accessing write-back memory.
own Count store requests driven by the processor (i.e., not by other processors or by DMA).
other Count store requests driven by other processors or by DMA.
prefetch
  Include hardware and software prefetch requests in the count.

The default value for qualifier is to enable all the above flags.

The req-type qualifier is a 5-bit number can be additionally used to select a specific bus request type. The default is 0.

The "edge" qualifier should not be used when counting cycles with this event. The exact behavior of this event depends on the processor revision.
p4-ioq-allocation Xo
  [,mask= qualifier] [,busreqtype= req-type]
  (TS event) Count various types of transactions on the bus matching the flags set in qualifier and req-type.

Qualifier qualifier is a +’ separated set of the following flags:

all-read
  Count read entries.
all-write
  Count write entries.
mem-uc
  Count entries accessing un-cacheable memory.
mem-wc
  Count entries accessing write-combining memory.
mem-wt
  Count entries accessing write-through memory.
mem-wp
  Count entries accessing write-protected memory
mem-wb
  Count entries accessing write-back memory.
own Count store requests driven by the processor (i.e., not by other processors or by DMA).
other Count store requests driven by other processors or by DMA.
prefetch
  Include hardware and software prefetch requests in the count.

The default value for qualifier is to enable all the above flags.

The req-type qualifier is a 5-bit number can be additionally used to select a specific bus request type. The default is 0.

The "edge" qualifier is normally used with this event to prevent multiple counting. The exact behavior of this event depends on the processor revision.
p4-itlb-reference [mask= qualifier]
  (TS event) Count translations using the instruction translation look-aside buffer. The qualifier argument is a list of the following strings separated by +’ characters.

hit Count ITLB hits.
miss Count ITLB misses.
hit-uc
  Count un-cacheable ITLB hits.

If no qualifier is specified the default is to count all the three kinds of ITLB translations.
p4-load-port-replay [,mask= qualifier]
  (TS event) Count replayed events at the load port. Qualifier qualifier can take on one value:

split-ld
  Count split loads.

The default value for qualifier is "split-ld".
p4-mispred-branch-retired [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count mispredicted IA-32 branch instructions. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

nbogus
  Count non-bogus retired branch instructions.
p4-machine-clear [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count the number of pipeline clears seen by the processor. Qualifier flags is a list of the following strings separated by +’ characters:

clear Count for a portion of the many cycles when the machine is being cleared for any reason.
moclear
  Count machine clears due to memory ordering issues.
smclear
  Count machine clears due to self-modifying code.

Use qualifier "edge" to get a count of occurrences of machine clears. The default qualifier is "clear".
p4-memory-cancel [,mask= event-list]
  (TS event) Count the canceling of various kinds of requests in the data cache address control unit of the CPU. The qualifier event-list is a list of the following strings separated by +’ characters:

st-rb-full
  Requests cancelled because no store request buffer was available.
64k-conf
  Requests that conflict due to 64K aliasing.

If event-list is not specified, then the default is to count both kinds of events.
p4-memory-complete [,mask= event-list]
  (TS event) Count the completion of load split, store split, un-cacheable split and un-cacheable load operations selected by qualifier event-list. The qualifier event-list is a +’ separated list of the following flags:

lsc Count load splits completed, excluding loads from un-cacheable or write-combining areas.
ssc Count any split stores completed.

The default is to count both kinds of operations.
p4-mob-load-replay [,mask= qualifier]
  (TS event) Count load replays triggered by the memory order buffer. Qualifier qualifier can be a +’ separated list of the following flags:

no-sta
  Count replays because of unknown store addresses.
no-std
  Count replays because of unknown store data.
partial-data
  Count replays because of partially overlapped data accesses between load and store operations.
unalgn-addr
  Count replays because of mismatches in the lower 4 bits of load and store operations.

The default qualifier is no-sta+no-std+partial-data+unalgn-addr.
p4-packed-dp-uop [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count packed double-precision uops. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

all Count all uops operating on packed double-precision operands.
p4-packed-sp-uop [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count packed single-precision uops. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

all Count all uops operating on packed single-precision operands.
p4-page-walk-type [,mask= qualifier]
  (TI event) Count page walks performed by the page miss handler. Qualifier qualifier can be a +’ separated list of the following keywords:

dtmiss
  Count page walks for data TLB misses.
itmiss
  Count page walks for instruction TLB misses.

The default value for qualifier is "dtmiss+itmiss".
p4-replay-event [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count the retirement of tagged uops selected through the replay tagging mechanism. Qualifier flags contains a +’ separated set of the following strings:

nbogus
  The marked uops are not bogus.
bogus The marked uops are bogus.

This event requires additional (upstream) events to be allocated to perform the desired uop tagging. The default qualifier counts both kinds of uops. This event can be used for precise event based sampling.
p4-resource-stall [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count the occurrence or latency of stalls in the allocator. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

sbfull
  A stall due to the lack of store buffers.
p4-response
  (TI event) Count different types of responses. Further documentation on this event is not available.
p4-retired-branch-type [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count branches retired. Qualifier flags contains a +’ separated list of strings:

conditional
  Count conditional jumps.
call Count direct and indirect call branches.
return
  Count return branches.
indirect
  Count returns, indirect calls or indirect jumps.

The default qualifier counts all the above branch types.
p4-retired-mispred-branch-type [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count mispredicted branches retired. Qualifier flags contains a +’ separated list of strings:

conditional
  Count conditional jumps.
call Count indirect call branches.
return
  Count return branches.
indirect
  Count returns, indirect calls or indirect jumps.

The default qualifier counts all the above branch types.
p4-scalar-dp-uop [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count the number of scalar double-precision uops. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

all Count the number of scalar double-precision uops.
p4-scalar-sp-uop [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count the number of scalar single-precision uops. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

all Count all uops operating on scalar single-precision operands.
p4-snoop
  (TI event) Count snoop traffic. Further documentation on this event is not available.
p4-sse-input-assist [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count the number of times an assist is required to handle problems with the operands for SSE and SSE2 operations. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

all Count assists for all SSE and SSE2 uops.
p4-store-port-replay [,mask= qualifier]
  (TS event) Count events replayed at the store port. Qualifier qualifier can take on one value:

split-st
  Count split stores.

The default value for qualifier is "split-st".
p4-tc-deliver-mode [,mask= qualifier]
  (TI event) Count the duration in cycles of operating modes of the trace cache and decode engine. The desired operating mode is selected by qualifier, which is a list of the following strings separated by +’ characters:

DD Both logical processors are in deliver mode.
DB Logical processor 0 is in deliver mode while logical processor 1 is in build mode.
DI Logical processor 0 is in deliver mode while logical processor 1 is halted, or in machine clear, or transitioning to a long microcode flow.
BD Logical processor 0 is in build mode while logical processor 1 is in deliver mode.
BB Both logical processors are in build mode.
BI Logical processor 0 is in build mode while logical processor 1 is halted, or in machine clear or transitioning to a long microcode flow.
ID Logical processor 0 is halted, or in machine clear or transitioning to a long microcode flow while logical processor 1 is in deliver mode.
IB Logical processor 0 is halted, or in machine clear or transitioning to a long microcode flow while logical processor 1 is in build mode.

If there is only one logical processor in the processor package then the qualifier for logical processor 1 is ignored. If no qualifier is specified, the default qualifier is "DD+DB+DI+BD+BB+BI+ID+IB".
p4-tc-ms-xfer [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count the number of times uop delivery changed from the trace cache to MS ROM. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

cisc Count TC to MS transfers.
p4-uop-queue-writes [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count the number of valid uops written to the uop queue. Qualifier flags is a list of the following strings, separated by +’ characters:

from-tc-build
  Count uops being written from the trace cache in build mode.
from-tc-deliver
  Count uops being written from the trace cache in deliver mode.
from-rom
  Count uops being written from microcode ROM.

The default qualifier counts all the above kinds of uops.
p4-uop-type [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) This event is used in conjunction with the front-end at-retirement mechanism to tag load and store uops. Qualifier flags comprises the following strings separated by +’ characters:

tagloads
  Mark uops that are load operations.
tagstores
  Mark uops that are store operations.

The default qualifier counts both kinds of uops.
p4-uops-retired [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count uops retired during a clock cycle. Qualifier flags comprises the following strings separated by +’ characters:

nbogus
  Count marked uops that are not bogus.
bogus Count marked uops that are bogus.

The default qualifier counts both kinds of uops.
p4-wc-buffer [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count write-combining buffer operations. Qualifier flags contains the following strings separated by +’ characters:

wcb-evicts
  WC buffer evictions due to any cause.
wcb-full-evict
  WC buffer evictions due to no WC buffer being available.

The default qualifier counts both kinds of evictions.
p4-x87-assist [,mask= flags]
  (TS event) Count the retirement of x87 instructions that required special handling. Qualifier flags contains the following strings separated by +’ characters:

fpsu Count instructions that saw an FP stack underflow.
fpso Count instructions that saw an FP stack overflow.
poao Count instructions that saw an x87 output overflow.
poau Count instructions that saw an x87 output underflow.
prea Count instructions that needed an x87 input assist.

The default qualifier counts all the above types of instruction retirements.
p4-x87-fp-uop [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count x87 floating-point uops. Qualifier flags can take the following value (which is also the default):

all Count all x87 floating-point uops.

If an instruction contains more than one x87 floating-point uops, then all x87 floating-point uops will be counted. This event does not count x87 floating-point data movement operations.
p4-x87-simd-moves-uop [,mask= flags]
  (TI event) Count each x87 FPU, MMX, SSE, or SSE2 uops that load data or store data or perform register-to-register moves. This event does not count integer move uops. Qualifier flags may contain the following keywords separated by +’ characters:

allp0 Count all x87 and SIMD store and move uops.
allp2 Count all x87 and SIMD load uops.

The default is to count all uops. (Errata) This event may be affected by processor errata N43.

    Cascading P4 PMCs

PMC cascading support is currently poorly implemented. While individual event counters may be allocated with a "cascade" qualifier, the current API does not offer the ability to name and allocate all the resources needed for a cascaded event counter pair in a single operation.

    Precise Event Based Sampling

Support for precise event based sampling is currently unimplemented.

    Event Name Aliases

The following table shows the mapping between the PMC-independent aliases supported by
.Lb libpmc and the underlying hardware events used.
Alias      Event
branches      p4-branch-retired,mask=mmtp+mmtm
branch-mispredicts      p4-mispred-branch-retired
dc-misses      (unsupported)
ic-misses      (unsupported)
instructions      p4-instr-retired,mask=nbogusntag+nbogustag
interrupts      (unsupported)
unhalted-cycles      p4-global-power-events
 

SEE ALSO

pmc(3), pmc.atom(3), pmc.core(3), pmc.core2(3), pmc.iaf(3), pmc.k7(3), pmc.k8(3), pmc.p5(3), pmc.p6(3), pmc.soft(3), pmc.tsc(3), pmclog(3), hwpmc(4)

HISTORY

The pmc library first appeared in
.Fx 6.0 .

AUTHORS

The
.Lb libpmc library was written by
.An Joseph Koshy <jkoshy@FreeBSD.org>.
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index


Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.