|result||Pointer to the starting address of an array of length count of datatype which will be overwritten by the message from the specified root member of the group.|
|data||On the root this is a pointer to the starting address of an array datatype of local values which are to be distributed to the members of the group. If n is the number of members in the group, then this array of datatype should be of length at least n*count. This argument is meaningful only on the root.|
|count||Integer specifying the number of elements of datatype to be sent to each member of the group from the root.|
|datatype||Integer specifying the type of the entries in the result and data arrays. (See below for defined types.)|
|msgtag||Integer message tag supplied by the user. msgtag should be >= 0. It allows the users program to distinguish between different kinds of messages.|
|group||Character string group name of an existing group.|
|rootginst||Integer instance number of group member who performs the scatter of its array to the members of the group.|
Integer status code returned by the routine.
Values less than zero indicate an error.
pvm_scatter() performs a scatter of data from the specified root member of the group to each of the members of the group, including itself. All group members must call pvm_scatter(), each receives a portion of the data array from the root in their local result array. It is as if the root node sends to the ith member of the group count elements from its array data starting at offset i*count from the beginning of the data array. And, it is as if, each member of the group performs a corresponding receive of count values of datatype into its result array. The root task is identified by its instance number in the group.
C and Fortran defined datatypes are:C datatypes FORTRAN datatypes ----------------------------------- PVM_BYTE BYTE1 PVM_SHORT INTEGER2 PVM_INT INTEGER4 PVM_FLOAT REAL4 PVM_CPLX COMPLEX8 PVM_DOUBLE REAL8 PVM_DCPLX COMPLEX16 PVM_LONG
In using the scatter and gather routines, keep in mind that C stores multidimensional arrays in row order, typically starting with an initial index of 0; whereas, Fortran stores arrays in column order, typically starting with an offset of 1.
The current algorithm is very simple and robust. A future implementation may make more efficient use of the architecture to allow greater parallelism.
C: info = pvm_scatter(&getmyrow, &matrix, 10, PVM_INT, msgtag, "workers", rootginst);
Fortran: CALL PVMFSCATTER(GETMYCOLUMN, MATRIX, COUNT, INTEGER4, & MTAG, workers, ROOT, INFO)
These error conditions can be returned by pvm_scatter
PvmNoInst Calling task is not in the group PvmBadParam The datatype specified is not appropriate PvmSysErr Pvm system error
|SCATTER (3PVM)||21 April, 1994|