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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  SERVERSOCKET (3)

NAME

FBB::ServerSocket - Server socket accepting Internet connection requests

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

#include <bobcat/serversocket>
Linking option: -lbobcat

DESCRIPTION

An FBB::ServerSocket may be constructed to listen for connection requests from the Internet or from the local host. Connection requests may be accepted in either blocking or non-blocking modes. When a connection is accepted a socket is returned which may be used to read information from or write information to the client that requested the connection. The socket that is made available is a file descriptor which may be used to initialize a std::istream and/or std::ostream. The std::istream is used to read information from the client process; the std::ostream is used to send information to the client process. Since a socket may be considered a file descriptor the avaiable FBB::IFdStream, FBB::IFdStreamBuf, FBB::OFdStream, and FBB::OFdStreamBuf classes may be used profitably here. Note that having available a socket does not mean that this defines the communication protocol. It is (still) the responsibility of the programmer to comply with an existing protocol or to implement a tailor-made protocol. The latter situation implies that the sequence of input- and output operations is defined by the programmer.

A Unix Domain server socket can be defined using FBB::LocalServerSocket.

NAMESPACE

FBB
All constructors, members, operators and manipulators, mentioned in this man-page, are defined in the namespace FBB.

INHERITS FROM

FBB::SocketBase

CONSTRUCTOR

o ServerSocket(size_t port):
This constructor initializes an FBB::ServerSocket object, which will listen for connections at the specified port. The construction of the socket does not mean that the FBB::ServerSocket object is actually listening for connections. To start listening, the member listen() should be used. The copy constructor is not available.

MEMBER FUNCTIONS

All members of FBB::SocketBase (and thus of FBB::InetAddress) are available, as FBB::ServerSocket inherits from FBB::SocketBase.
o void listen(size_t backlog = 5, bool blocking = true):
The listen() member defines the way the FBB::ServerSocket will listen for clients requesting a connection. It can be used only once with a FBB::ServerSocket. An FBB::Exception object is thrown if listening fails, if the constructor could not create a socket, or if the SocketBase base class could not properly be constructed.
The listen() member\(cqs backlog parameter defines the size of the FBB::ServerSocket\(cqs internal queue in which connection requests may be stored waiting for their turn to be serviced. When backlog requests are waiting and another request arrives, then that request is lost.
The member\(cqs second parameter, blocking, is used to control the blocking mode. By default, blocking is used, and listen() will wait until a connection is established. This is ok in situations where clients connect infrquently and for relatively short time intervals. Otherwise, in more complex programs, an FBB::Selector object can be used to sense input on the server socket and/or on various client sockets.
o SocketBase accept():
The accept() member returns an FBB::SocketBase object containing information about the client whose connection request was accepted. The FBB::SocketBase object\(cqs socket value may be used to initialize streams that can be used to communicate with the client. In more complex programs the FBB::SocketBase could be passed to a class derived from FBB::Fork, handling the communication with the child as a separate (child) process.

EXAMPLE

See also the clientsocket(3bobcat) example.

#include <iostream> #include <bobcat/serversocket> #include <bobcat/ifdstream> #include <bobcat/ofdstream> #include <bobcat/a2x> using namespace std; using namespace FBB; int main(int argc, char **argv) try { if (argc == 1) { cerr << \(dqProvide server port number\n\(dq; return 1; } size_t portnr = A2x(argv[1]); ServerSocket server(portnr); cerr << \(dqserver listens on port \(dq << argv[1] << endl; cerr << \(dqserversocket returns:\n\(dq << \(dqaddress = \(dq << server.dottedDecimalAddress() << \(dq\n\(dq \(dqport = \(dq << server.port() << endl; int fd = server.socket(); // open the socket\(cqs descriptor cout << \(dqFile descriptor of the socket is \(dq << fd << \(dq\n\(dq \(dqThe server terminates when it receives a \(dq \(dqsingle ‘q\(cq on a line\n\(dq \(dqA connection is terminated when no input \(dq \(dqis received anymore.\n\(dq \(dqThen another connection is possible\(dq << endl; server.listen(); // listen in blocking mode while (true) { SocketBase fdb = server.accept(); int fd = fdb.socket(); cerr << \(dqClient FD = \(dq << fd << \(dq, \(dq << endl << \(dqaddress = \(dq << fdb.dottedDecimalAddress() << \(dq, \(dq << endl << \(dqcommunication through port \(dq << fdb.port() << endl; IFdStream in(fd); // stream to read from client OFdStream out(fd); // stream to write to client string cmd; while (getline(in, cmd)) { cout << \(dqGot: \(dq << cmd << endl; out << \(dqGot: \(dq << cmd << \(dq\r\(dq << endl; if (cmd[0] == \(cqq\(cq) return 0; } cout << \(dqReady for another connection\n\(dq; } } catch (Exception const &err) { cerr << err.what() << endl << \(dqServer socket on port \(dq << argv[1] << \(dq can\(cqt be opened\(dq << endl; return -1; }

FILES

bobcat/serversocket - defines the class interface

SEE ALSO

bobcat(7), clientsocket(3bobcat), fork(3bobcat), ifdstream(3bobcat), ifdstreambuf(3bobcat), inetaddress(3bobcat), localserversocket(3bobcat), ofdstream(3bobcat), ofdstream(3bobcat), select(2), selector(3bobcat), socketbase(3bobcat)

BUGS

None Reported.

DISTRIBUTION FILES

o bobcat_3.25.01-x.dsc: detached signature;
o bobcat_3.25.01-x.tar.gz: source archive;
o bobcat_3.25.01-x_i386.changes: change log;
o libbobcat1_3.25.01-x_*.deb: debian package holding the libraries;
o libbobcat1-dev_3.25.01-x_*.deb: debian package holding the libraries, headers and manual pages;
o http://sourceforge.net/projects/bobcat: public archive location;

BOBCAT

Bobcat is an acronym of ‘Brokken\(cqs Own Base Classes And Templates\(cq.

COPYRIGHT

This is free software, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).

AUTHOR

Frank B. Brokken (f.b.brokken@rug.nl).

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libbobcat-dev_3&.25&.01-x&.tar&.gz FBB::SERVERSOCKET (3bobcat) 2005-2015

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