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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  STRSTR (3)

NAME

strstr, strcasestr, strnstr - locate a substring in a string

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Return Values
Examples
See Also
Standards

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In string.h char * strstr const char *big const char *little char * strcasestr const char *big const char *little char * strnstr const char *big const char *little size_t len
.In string.h
.In xlocale.h char * strcasestr_l const char *big const char *little locale_t loc

DESCRIPTION

The strstr function locates the first occurrence of the null-terminated string little in the null-terminated string big.

The strcasestr function is similar to strstr, but ignores the case of both strings.

The strcasestr_l function does the same as strcasestr but takes an explicit locale rather than using the current locale.

The strnstr function locates the first occurrence of the null-terminated string little in the string big, where not more than len characters are searched. Characters that appear after a \0’ character are not searched. Since the strnstr function is a
.Fx specific API, it should only be used when portability is not a concern.

RETURN VALUES

If little is an empty string, big is returned; if little occurs nowhere in big, NULL is returned; otherwise a pointer to the first character of the first occurrence of little is returned.

EXAMPLES

The following sets the pointer ptr to the "Bar Baz" portion of largestring:
const char *largestring = "Foo Bar Baz";
const char *smallstring = "Bar";
char *ptr;

ptr = strstr(largestring, smallstring);

The following sets the pointer ptr to NULL, because only the first 4 characters of largestring are searched:

const char *largestring = "Foo Bar Baz";
const char *smallstring = "Bar";
char *ptr;

ptr = strnstr(largestring, smallstring, 4);

SEE ALSO

memchr(3), memmem(3), strchr(3), strcspn(3), strpbrk(3), strrchr(3), strsep(3), strspn(3), strtok(3), wcsstr(3)

STANDARDS

The strstr function conforms to -isoC.
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