|std and dst||Three or more bytes that are the designation for the standard (std) or summer (dst) time zone. Only std is required; if dst is missing, then summer time does not apply in this locale. Upper and lowercase letters are explicitly allowed. Any characters except a leading colon (:), digits, comma (,), minus (-), plus (+), and ASCII NUL are allowed.|
Indicates the value one must add to the local time to arrive at
Coordinated Universal Time.
has the form:
The minutes (mm) and seconds (ss) are optional. The hour (hh) is required and may be a single digit. The offset following std is required. If no offset follows dst, summer time is assumed to be one hour ahead of standard time. One or more digits may be used; the value is always interpreted as a decimal number. The hour must be between zero and 24, and the minutes (and seconds) if present between zero and 59. If preceded by a (-) the time zone shall be east of the Prime Meridian; otherwise it shall be west (which may be indicated by an optional preceding (+)).
Indicates when to change to and back from summer time.
has the form:
where the first date describes when the change from standard to summer time occurs and the second date describes when the change back happens. Each time field describes when, in current local time, the change to the other time is made.
The format of date is one of the following:
|J n||The Julian day n (1 <= n <= 365). Leap days are not counted; that is, in all years including leap years February 28 is day 59 and March 1 is day 60. It is impossible to explicitly refer to the occasional February 29.|
|n||The zero-based Julian day (0 <= n <= 365 ) . Leap days are counted, and it is possible to refer to February 29.|
day (0 <=
of the year
where week 5 means
day in month
which may occur in either the fourth or the fifth week).
Week 1 is the
first week in which the
Day zero is Sunday.
The time has the same format as offset except that no leading sign (-) or (+) is allowed. The default, if time is not given, is 02:00:00.
If no rule is present in the TZ specification, the rules specified by the tzfile 5 -format file posixrules in the system time conversion information directory are used, with the standard and summer time offsets from UTC replaced by those specified by the offset values in TZ.
For compatibility with System V Release 3.1, a semicolon (;) may be used to separate the rule from the rest of the specification.
/etc/localtime local time zone file /usr/share/zoneinfo time zone directory /usr/share/zoneinfo/posixrules rules for POSIX -style TZ s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Etc/GMT for UTC leap seconds
If the file /usr/share/zoneinfo/UTC does not exist, UTC leap seconds are loaded from /usr/share/zoneinfo/posixrules.
The tzset and tzsetwall functions first appeared in BSD 4.4 .