Manual Reference Pages - ALTERA_SDCARD (4)
- driver for the Altera University Program Secure Data Card IP Core
.Cd device altera_sdcard
.Cd hint.altera_sdcardc.0.at= nexus0
device driver provides support for the Altera University Program Secure Data
Card (SD Card) IP Core device.
A controller device,
will be attached during boot.
Inserted disks are presented as
corresponding to the controller number.
The current version of the
driver supports the SD Card IP core as described in the August 2011 version of
The core supports only cards up to 2G (CSD 0); larger cards, or cards using
newer CSD versions, will not be detected.
The IP core has two key limitations: a lack of interrupt support, requiring
timer-driven polling to detect I/O completion, and support for only single
512-byte block read and write operations at a time.
The combined effect of those two limits is that the system clock rate,
must be set to at least 200 in order to accomplish the maximum 100KB/s data
rate supported by the IP core.
Altera University Program Secure Data Card IP Core
device driver first appeared in
.Fx 10.0 .
device driver and this manual page were
developed by SRI International and the University of Cambridge Computer
Laboratory under DARPA/AFRL contract
as part of the DARPA CRASH research programme.
This device driver was written by
.An Robert N. M. Watson .
contains a number of work-arounds for IP core bugs.
Perhaps most critically,
ignores the CRC error bit returned in the RR1 register, which appears to be
unexpectedly set by the IP core.
uses fixed polling intervals are used for card insertion/removal and
I/O completion detection; an adaptive strategy might improve performance by
reducing the latency to detecting completed I/O.
However, in our experiments, using polling rates greater than 200 times a
second did not improve performance.
supports only a
bus attachment, which is appropriate for system-on-chip busses such as
Alteras Avalon bus.
If the IP core is configured off of another bus type, then additional bus
attachments will be required.
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