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Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  CTL (4)


ctl - CAM Target Layer / iSCSI target


Sysctl Variables
See Also


To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following line in your kernel configuration file:

.Cd device iscsi
.Cd device ctl

Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the following line in loader.conf(5):



The ctl subsystem provides SCSI disk and processor emulation. It supports features such as:

  • Disk, processor and cdrom device emulation
  • Tagged queueing
  • SCSI task attribute support (ordered, head of queue, simple tags)
  • SCSI implicit command ordering support
  • Full task management support (abort, LUN reset, target reset, etc.)
  • Support for multiple ports
  • Support for multiple simultaneous initiators
  • Support for multiple simultaneous backing stores
  • Support for VMWare VAAI: COMPARE AND WRITE, XCOPY, WRITE SAME, and UNMAP commands
  • Support for Microsoft ODX: POPULATE TOKEN/WRITE USING TOKEN, WRITE SAME, and UNMAP commands
  • Persistent reservation support
  • Mode sense/select support
  • Error injection support
  • High Availability clustering support with ALUA
  • All I/O handled in-kernel, no userland context switch overhead

It also serves as a kernel component of the native iSCSI target.


The following variables are available as both sysctl(8) variables and loader(8) tunables:
  Bit mask of enabled CTL log levels:
1 log commands with errors;
2 log all commands;
4 log data for commands other then READ/WRITE.
Defaults to 0. Specifies unique position of this node within High Availability cluster. Default is 0 -- no HA, 1 and 2 -- HA enabled at specified position. Specifies High Availability cluster operation mode:
0 Active/Standby -- primary node has backend access and processes requests, while secondary can only do basic LUN discovery and reservation;
1 Active/Active -- both nodes have backend access and process requests, while secondary node synchronizes processing with primary one;
2 Active/Active -- primary node has backend access and processes requests, while secondary node forwards all requests and data to primary one;
All above modes require established connection between HA cluster nodes. If connection is not configured, secondary node will report Unavailable state; if configured but not established -- Transitioning state. Defaults to 0. String value, specifying method to establish connection to peer HA node. Can be "listen IP:port", "connect IP:port" or empty. Reports present state of connection between HA cluster nodes:
0 not configured;
1 configured but not established;
2 established. Specifies default role of this node:
0 primary;
1 secondary.
This role can be overriden on per-LUN basis using "ha_role" LUN option, so that for one LUN one node is primary, while for another -- another. Role change from primary to secondary for HA modes 0 and 2 closes backends, the opposite change -- opens. If there is no primary node (both nodes are secondary, or secondary node has no connection to primary one), secondary node(s) report Transitioning state. State with two primary nodes is illegal (split brain condition). Verbosity level for log messages from the kernel part of iSCSI target. Set to 0 to disable logging or 1 to warn about potential problems. Larger values enable debugging output. Defaults to 1. The number of outstanding commands to advertise to the iSCSI initiator. Technically, it is the difference between ExpCmdSN and MaxCmdSN fields in the iSCSI PDU. Defaults to 256. The number of seconds to wait for the iSCSI initiator to respond to a NOP-In PDU. In the event that there is no response within that time the session gets forcibly terminated. Set to 0 to disable sending NOP-In PDUs. Defaults to 5.


ctladm(8), ctld(8), ctlstat(8)


The ctl subsystem first appeared in
.Fx 9.1 .


The ctl subsystem was originally written by
.An Kenneth Merry Aq Mt . Later work was done by
.An Alexander Motin Aq Mt .
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