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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  EM (4)

NAME

em - Intel(R) PRO/1000 Gigabit Ethernet adapter driver

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Hardware
Loader Tunables
Files
Examples
Diagnostics
Support
See Also
History
Authors
Bugs

SYNOPSIS

To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following line in your kernel configuration file:


.Cd device em

Optional multiqueue support is available via the following kernel compile options:



.Cd options EM_MULTIQUEUE

Note: Activating EM_MULTIQUEUE support is not supported by Intel.

Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the following line in loader.conf(5):

if_em_load="YES"

DESCRIPTION

The em driver provides support for PCI Gigabit Ethernet adapters based on the Intel 82540, 82541ER, 82541PI, 82542, 82543, 82544, 82545, 82546, 82546EB, 82546GB, 82547, 82571, 81572, 82573, and 82574 Ethernet controller chips. The driver supports Transmit/Receive checksum offload and Jumbo Frames on all but 82542-based adapters. Furthermore it supports TCP segmentation offload (TSO) on all adapters but those based on the 82543, 82544 and 82547 controller chips. The identification LEDs of the adapters supported by the em driver can be controlled via the led(4) API for localization purposes. For further hardware information, see the README included with the driver.

For questions related to hardware requirements, refer to the documentation supplied with your Intel PRO/1000 adapter. All hardware requirements listed apply to use with
.Fx .

Support for Jumbo Frames is provided via the interface MTU setting. Selecting an MTU larger than 1500 bytes with the ifconfig(8) utility configures the adapter to receive and transmit Jumbo Frames. The maximum MTU size for Jumbo Frames is 16114.

This driver version supports VLANs. The em driver supports the following media types:
autoselect Enables auto-negotiation for speed and duplex.
10baseT/UTP
  Sets 10Mbps operation. Use the mediaopt option to select full-duplex mode.
100baseTX Sets 100Mbps operation. Use the mediaopt option to select full-duplex mode.
1000baseSX Sets 1000Mbps operation. Only full-duplex mode is supported at this speed.
1000baseTX Sets 1000Mbps operation. Only full-duplex mode is supported at this speed.

The em driver supports the following media options:
full-duplex
  Forces full-duplex operation
half-duplex
  Forces half-duplex operation.

Only use mediaopt to set the driver to full-duplex. If mediaopt is not specified, the driver defaults to half-duplex.

For more information on configuring this device, see ifconfig(8).

HARDWARE

The em driver supports Gigabit Ethernet adapters based on the Intel 82540, 82541ER, 82541PI, 82542, 82543, 82544, 82545, 82546, 82546EB, 82546GB, 82547, 82571, 82572, 82573, and 82574 controller chips:

  • Intel PRO/1000 CT Network Connection (82547)
  • Intel PRO/1000 F Server Adapter (82543)
  • Intel PRO/1000 Gigabit Server Adapter (82542)
  • Intel PRO/1000 GT Desktop Adapter (82541PI)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MF Dual Port Server Adapter (82546)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MF Server Adapter (82545)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MF Server Adapter (LX) (82545)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MT Desktop Adapter (82540)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MT Desktop Adapter (82541)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MT Dual Port Server Adapter (82546)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MT Quad Port Server Adapter (82546EB)
  • Intel PRO/1000 MT Server Adapter (82545)
  • Intel PRO/1000 PF Dual Port Server Adapter (82571)
  • Intel PRO/1000 PF Quad Port Server Adapter (82571)
  • Intel PRO/1000 PF Server Adapter (82572)
  • Intel PRO/1000 PT Desktop Adapter (82572)
  • Intel PRO/1000 PT Dual Port Server Adapter (82571)
  • Intel PRO/1000 PT Quad Port Server Adapter (82571)
  • Intel PRO/1000 PT Server Adapter (82572)
  • Intel PRO/1000 T Desktop Adapter (82544)
  • Intel PRO/1000 T Server Adapter (82543)
  • Intel PRO/1000 XF Server Adapter (82544)
  • Intel PRO/1000 XT Server Adapter (82544)

LOADER TUNABLES

Tunables can be set at the loader(8) prompt before booting the kernel or stored in loader.conf(5).
hw.em.disable_crc_stripping
  Disable or enable hardware stripping of CRC field. This is mostly useful on BMC/IPMI shared interfaces where stripping the CRC causes remote access over IPMI to fail. Default 0 (enabled).
hw.em.eee_setting
  Disable or enable Energy Efficient Ethernet. Default 1 (disabled).
hw.em.msix
  Enable or disable MSI-X style interrupts. Default 1 (enabled).
hw.em.smart_pwr_down
  Enable or disable smart power down features on newer adapters. Default 0 (disabled).
hw.em.sbp
  Show bad packets when in promiscuous mode. Default 0 (off).
hw.em.rxd
  Number of receive descriptors allocated by the driver. The default value is 1024 for adapters newer than 82547, and 256 for older ones. The 82542 and 82543-based adapters can handle up to 256 descriptors, while others can have up to 4096.
hw.em.txd
  Number of transmit descriptors allocated by the driver. The default value is 1024 for adapters newer than 82547, and 256 for older ones. The 82542 and 82543-based adapters can handle up to 256 descriptors, while others can have up to 4096.
hw.em.rx_int_delay
  This value delays the generation of receive interrupts in units of 1.024 microseconds. The default value is 0, since adapters may hang with this feature being enabled.
hw.em.rx_abs_int_delay
  If hw.em.rx_int_delay is non-zero, this tunable limits the maximum delay in which a receive interrupt is generated.
hw.em.tx_int_delay
  This value delays the generation of transmit interrupts in units of 1.024 microseconds. The default value is 64.
hw.em.tx_abs_int_delay
  If hw.em.tx_int_delay is non-zero, this tunable limits the maximum delay in which a transmit interrupt is generated.
hw.em.num_queues
  Number of hardware queues that will be configured on this adapter (maximum of 2) Defaults to 1. Only valid with kernel configuration
.Cd options EM_MULTIQUEUE .

FILES

/dev/led/em*
  identification LED device nodes

EXAMPLES

Make the identification LED of em0 blink:

    echo f2 > /dev/led/em0

Turn the identification LED of em0 off again:

    echo 0 > /dev/led/em0

DIAGNOSTICS

em%d: Unable to allocate bus resource: memory A fatal initialization error has occurred.
em%d: Unable to allocate bus resource: interrupt A fatal initialization error has occurred.
em%d: watchdog timeout -- resetting The device has stopped responding to the network, or there is a problem with the network connection (cable).

SUPPORT

For general information and support, go to the Intel support website at: http://support.intel.com.

If an issue is identified with the released source code on the supported kernel with a supported adapter, email the specific information related to the issue to <freebsd@intel.com>.

SEE ALSO

altq(4), arp(4), igb(4), led(4), netintro(4), ng_ether(4), polling(4), vlan(4), ifconfig(8)

HISTORY

The em device driver first appeared in
.Fx 4.4 .

AUTHORS

The em driver was written by
.An Intel Corporation Aq freebsd@intel.com .

BUGS

Activating EM_MULTIQUEUE support requires MSI-X features.

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