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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  LE (4)

NAME

le - AMD Am7900 LANCE and Am79C9xx ILACC/PCnet Ethernet interface driver

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Hardware
     C-Bus and ISA
     Pci
Diagnostics
See Also
History
Authors

SYNOPSIS

To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following line in your kernel configuration file:


.Cd device le

Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the following line in loader.conf(5):

if_le_load="YES"

For C-Bus non-PnP adapters, the port address and the IRQ number have to be specified in /boot/device.hints:
.Cd hint.le.0.at= isa
.Cd hint.le.0.port= 0x03d0
.Cd hint.le.0.irq= 6

For ISA non-PnP adapters, the port address as well as the IRQ and the DRQ numbers have to be specified in /boot/device.hints:
.Cd hint.le.0.at= isa
.Cd hint.le.0.port= 0x280
.Cd hint.le.0.irq= 10
.Cd hint.le.0.drq= 0

DESCRIPTION

The le driver provides support for Ethernet adapters based on the AMD Am7990 and Am79C90 (CMOS, pin-compatible) Local Area Network Controller for Ethernet (LANCE) chips.

The le driver also supports Ethernet adapters based on the AMD Am79C900 Integrated Local Area Communications Controller (ILACC) as well as the Am79C9xx PCnet family of chips, which are single-chip implementations of a LANCE chip and a DMA engine. This includes a superset of the PCI bus Ethernet chips supported by the pcn(4) driver. The le driver treats all of these PCI bus Ethernet chips as an AMD Am79C970 PCnet-PCI and does not support the additional features like the MII bus and burst mode of AMD Am79C971 PCnet-FAST and greater chips. Thus the pcn(4) driver should be preferred for the latter.

Generally, the le driver aims at supporting as many different chips on as many different platforms as possible, partially at the cost of the best performance with some of these.

The le driver supports reception and transmission of extended frames for vlan(4). Selective reception of multicast Ethernet frames is provided by a 64-bit mask; multicast destination addresses are hashed to a bit entry using the Ethernet CRC function.

HARDWARE

    C-Bus and ISA

The le driver supports C-Bus and ISA bus Ethernet adapters which are based on the following chips:

  • AMD Am7990 and Am79C90 LANCE
  • AMD Am79C960 PCnet-ISA
  • AMD Am79C961 PCnet-ISA+
  • AMD Am79C961A PCnet-ISA II

This includes support for the following Ethernet adapters:

C-Bus non-PnP:

  • Contec C-NET(98)S

ISA non-PnP:

  • BICC Isolan
  • Novell NE2100

ISA PnP:

  • AMD AM1500T/AM2100
  • AMD PCnet-32
  • AMD PCnet-ISA
  • Allied Telesyn AT-1500
  • Boca LANCard Combo
  • Cabletron E2100 Series DNI
  • Cabletron E2200 Single Chip
  • Melco Inc. LGY-IV
  • Novell NE2100
  • Racal InterLan EtherBlaster

The le driver does not support the selection of media types and options via ifconfig(8) with C-Bus and ISA bus Ethernet adapters.

    PCI

The PCI bus Ethernet chips supported by the le driver are:

  • AMD Am53C974/Am79C970/Am79C974 PCnet-PCI
  • AMD Am79C970A PCnet-PCI II
  • AMD Am79C971 PCnet-FAST
  • AMD Am79C972 PCnet-FAST+
  • AMD Am79C973/Am79C975 PCnet-FAST III
  • AMD Am79C976 PCnet-PRO
  • AMD Am79C978 PCnet-Home

This includes support for the following Ethernet adapters:

  • AcerLAN NIC P20
  • Allied Telesyn AT-2450 and AT-2700 series
  • VMware emulated AMD Am79C970A PCnet-PCI II interface

The le driver supports the selection of the following media types via ifconfig(8) with PCI bus Ethernet adapters:
autoselect Enable autoselection of the media type.
10baseT/UTP
  Select UTP media.
10base5/AUI
  Select AUI/BNC media.

The following media option is supported with these media types:
full-duplex
  Select full duplex operation.

Note that unlike the pcn(4) driver, the le driver does not support selecting 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) media types.

    sparc64

The le driver supports the on-board LANCE interfaces found in Sun Ultra 1 machines. The le driver allows the selection of the following media types via ifconfig(8) with these on-board interfaces:
autoselect Enable autoselection of the media type.
10baseT/UTP
  Select UTP media.
10base5/AUI
  Select AUI media.

When using autoselection, a default media type is selected for use by examining all ports for carrier. The first media type with which a carrier is detected will be selected. Additionally, if carrier is dropped on a port, the driver will switch between the possible ports until one with carrier is found.

The le driver also supports the following Sun SBus Ethernet add-on adapters:

  • SCSI HBA and Buffered Ethernet (SBE/S, P/N 501-1869)
  • Fast SCSI and Buffered Ethernet (FSBE/S, P/N 501-2015 and 501-2981)

The le driver does not support the selection of media types and options via ifconfig(8) with SBus Ethernet add-on adapters.

For further information on configuring media types and options, see ifconfig(8).

DIAGNOSTICS

le%d: overflow More packets came in from the Ethernet than there was space in the LANCE receive buffers. Packets were missed.
le%d: receive buffer error The LANCE ran out of buffer space, packet dropped.
le%d: lost carrier The Ethernet carrier disappeared during an attempt to transmit. The LANCE will finish transmitting the current packet, but will not automatically retry transmission if there is a collision.
le%d: excessive collisions, tdr %d The Ethernet was extremely busy or jammed, outbound packets were dropped after 16 attempts to retransmit.

TDR is the abbreviation of "Time Domain Reflectometry". The optionally reported TDR value is an internal counter of the interval between the start of a transmission and the occurrence of a collision. This value can be used to determine the distance from the Ethernet tap to the point on the Ethernet cable that is shorted or open (unterminated).

le%d: dropping chained buffer A packet did not fit into a single receive buffer and was dropped. Since the le driver allocates buffers large enough to receive maximum sized Ethernet packets, this means some other station on the LAN transmitted a packet larger than allowed by the Ethernet standard.
le%d: transmit buffer error The LANCE ran out of buffer space before finishing the transmission of a packet. If this error occurs, the driver software has a bug.
le%d: underflow The LANCE ran out of buffer space before finishing the transmission of a packet. If this error occurs, the driver software has a bug.
le%d: controller failed to initialize Driver failed to start the LANCE. This is potentially a hardware failure.
le%d: memory error RAM failed to respond within the timeout when the LANCE wanted to read or write it. This is potentially a hardware failure.
le%d: receiver disabled The receiver of the LANCE was turned off due to an error.
le%d: transmitter disabled The transmitter of the LANCE was turned off due to an error.

SEE ALSO

altq(4), arp(4), intro(4), netintro(4), pcn(4), vlan(4), ifconfig(8)

HISTORY

The le driver was ported from
.Nx and first appeared in
.Fx 6.1 . The
.Nx version in turn was derived from the le driver which first appeared in BSD 4.4 .

AUTHORS

The le driver was ported by
.An Marius Strobl Aq marius@FreeBSD.org .
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