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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  PCN (4)

NAME

pcn - AMD PCnet/PCI Fast Ethernet device driver

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Hardware
Diagnostics
See Also
History
Authors

SYNOPSIS

To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following lines in your kernel configuration file:


.Cd device miibus
.Cd device pcn

Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the following line in loader.conf(5):

if_pcn_load="YES"

DESCRIPTION

The pcn driver provides support for PCI Ethernet adapters and embedded controllers based on the AMD PCnet/FAST, PCnet/FAST+, PCnet/FAST III, PCnet/PRO and PCnet/Home Ethernet controller chips. Supported NIC’s include the Allied Telesyn AT-2700 family.

The PCnet/PCI chips include a 100Mbps Ethernet MAC and support both a serial and MII-compliant transceiver interface. They use a bus master DMA and a scatter/gather descriptor scheme. The AMD chips provide a mechanism for zero-copy receive, providing good performance in server environments. Receive address filtering is provided using a single perfect filter entry for the station address and a 64-bit multicast hash table.

The pcn driver supports the following media types:
autoselect Enable autoselection of the media type and options. The user can manually override the autoselected mode by adding media options to rc.conf(5).
10baseT/UTP
  Set 10Mbps operation. The ifconfig(8) mediaopt option can also be used to select either 'full-duplex' or 'half-duplex' modes.
100baseTX Set 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) operation. The ifconfig(8) mediaopt option can also be used to select either 'full-duplex' or 'half-duplex' modes.

The pcn driver supports the following media options:
full-duplex
  Force full duplex operation.
half-duplex
  Force half duplex operation.

For more information on configuring this device, see ifconfig(8).

HARDWARE

The pcn driver supports adapters and embedded controllers based on the AMD PCnet/FAST, PCnet/FAST+, PCnet/FAST III, PCnet/PRO and PCnet/Home Fast Ethernet chips:

  • AMD Am79C971 PCnet-FAST
  • AMD Am79C972 PCnet-FAST+
  • AMD Am79C973/Am79C975 PCnet-FAST III
  • AMD Am79C976 PCnet-PRO
  • AMD Am79C978 PCnet-Home
  • Allied-Telesis LA-PCI

DIAGNOSTICS

pcn%d: couldn’t map ports/memory A fatal initialization error has occurred.
pcn%d: couldn’t map interrupt A fatal initialization error has occurred.
pcn%d: watchdog timeout The device has stopped responding to the network, or there is a problem with the network connection (e.g. a cable fault).
pcn%d: no memory for rx list The driver failed to allocate an mbuf for the receiver ring.
pcn%d: no memory for tx list The driver failed to allocate an mbuf for the transmitter ring when allocating a pad buffer or collapsing an mbuf chain into a cluster.
pcn%d: chip is in D3 power state -- setting to D0 This message applies only to adapters which support power management. Some operating systems place the controller in low power mode when shutting down, and some PCI BIOSes fail to bring the chip out of this state before configuring it. The controller loses all of its PCI configuration in the D3 state, so if the BIOS does not set it back to full power mode in time, it will not be able to configure it correctly. The driver tries to detect this condition and bring the adapter back to the D0 (full power) state, but this may not be enough to return the driver to a fully operational condition. If you see this message at boot time and the driver fails to attach the device as a network interface, you will have to perform a warm boot to have the device properly configured.

Note that this condition only occurs when warm booting from another operating system. If you power down your system prior to booting
.Fx , the card should be configured correctly.

SEE ALSO

arp(4), miibus(4), netintro(4), ng_ether(4), ifconfig(8)
.Rs AMD PCnet/FAST, PCnet/FAST+ and PCnet/Home datasheets
.Re

HISTORY

The pcn device driver first appeared in
.Fx 4.3 .

AUTHORS

The pcn driver was written by
.An Bill Paul Aq wpaul@osd.bsdi.com .
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