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Manual Reference Pages  -  DOINKD.CF (5)

NAME

/usr/local/etc/doinkd/doinkd.cf - doinkd configuration file format

CONTENTS

Description
Exemptions
Session
Timeout
Refuse
Sleep
Warn
Conswins -- Console Windows Handling
Idlemethod
Thresholds
Multiples
Maxuser
Specifying Users Via a File
Example
See Also

DESCRIPTION

doinkd, the login monitor daemon, decides how it should act based on the file doinkd.cf. This file consists of a series of specifications which each describe an aspect of doinkd’s actions. There are ten types of commands:
1. Exemption commands specify people that are exempt from doinkd’s actions.
2. Session commands specify people who are restricted in the length of time they may remain logged in.
3. Timeout defines how long a terminal must be idle before it is logged out.
4. Refuse commands specify people to immediately log off when they are found.
5. Sleep sets the number of minutes doinkd should sleep between checks.
6. Wait sets the number of seconds doinkd should give to an idle tty after it warns before it logs it out.
7. Conswins specifies how to handle tty’s owned by the user logged in on console. It can define special handling for idle logouts, session limits, and multiple logins.
8. Idlemethod determines if users are considered idle by input only, or by output as well.
9. Threshold sets the threshold number of users who must be logged in before multiple login or session limit controls take effect.
10. Multiples specifies the behavior of multiple login logouts to control how many multiple logins each user is allowed to keep.
11. Maxuser sets the number of sessions per userid, group, tty or file allowedi.
Lines beginning with a hash (#) in column one are comments. Other lines may be indented for readability.

Exemptions

Exemptions have the form:
exempt who from
where who must be one of:
login username
host hostname
group groupname
tty ttyname
file filename
where Username must be a valid login name as in /etc/passwd. Hostname must be identical to the name as displayed by ’finger’ when someone is logged in from that host and truncated to the length of the ut_host field in utmp.h, if necessary. "localhost" or the truncated version (if necessary) allows for specific commands just for users logged in locally. Groupname must be a valid group name as in /etc/group. Ttyname is a terminal name as in the utmp file (e.g., “ttyXX”). Filename is either a filename/path relative to the working directory doinkd was started from, or is a complete path/filename of a file listing usernames. See the Specifying Users Via a File section below for more information.
and from must be one of:
multiple
idle
session
maxuser
all
which specify that who is exempt from being logged off for maintaining multiple logins, remaining idle longer than the idle timeout period, exceeding a login session limit, or all three, respectively.

Session

Session commands take the form:
session refuse minutes
session default minutes
session who minutes
where who is the same as above and minutes is a decimal number. The command indicates the length of time a user may be logged in for before they must terminate their session. Warnings and logouts will be issued if the session limit is exceeded. The default command specifies the session limit time that should apply to users that do not have a session limit assigned to them by some other session command in the doinkd.cf file applying to group, login, or tty.

The refuse command specifies number of minutes to refuse logins to a user who has been warned or logged out from a session limit. Therfore, if the refuse time is set to 5 minutes, users who are warned or actually logged out due to a session limit must wait 5 minutes to log back in, otherwise their tty will be killed as soon as doinkd awakens.

Session limits are especially useful for modem lines to prevent users from tying up the line for too long.

Timeout

Timeouts are of the form:
timeout who minutes
where who is the same as above, but can also be default and minutes is a decimal number. This command indicates that who will be logged off after remaining idle for minutes minutes. The default idle timeout affects anyone not otherwise exempted from timeouts or mentioned in an explicit timeout rule. doinkd determines idleness to be the length of time from the last keypress by the user (ie. data throughput alone is still considered idle). For X-Windows, both mouse movements and keypresses determine idle time.

Refuse

Refuse commands take the form:
refuse who
where who is the same as above. minutes As soon as doinkd spots a user matching a refuse statement, it will tell the user that the session will be terminated, and will actually do so approximately 5 seconds later.

Sleep

Sleep commands are of the form:
sleep seconds
and specify that doinkd will sleep seconds seconds between its checks. If there is more than one sleep specification, only the last one is used.

Warn

Warn commands are of the form:
warn seconds
and specify that doinkd will sleep seconds seconds between warnings and logouts. If there is more than one warn specification, only the last one is used.

Conswins -- Console Windows Handling

Conswins commands are of the form:
conswins idle option
conswins session option
conswins multiple option

where option is one of:
number
normal
off
The number specifies the number of minutes allowed for tty’s owned by the user on console for idle timeouts or session limits. For multiple, it specifies the number of multiple logins that should be allowed for the user on console. These numbers will overide what the timeout, session, and multiples settings would otherwise specify for the user. normal specifies to use the default timeout, session limits, and number of multiple logins for the user on console. off instructs doinkd to not log off any tty’s owned by the user on console, despite how long they have been idle, how long the tty’s have been in session, or how many tty’s are in use (for idle, session, and multiple, respectively).

Idlemethod

The idlemethod command is of the form:
idlemethod userinput
or
idlemethod inputoutput
When set to userinput, doinkd requires that the user interact with (ie. type into) the tty to be considered not idle. If a user, then, has not typed anything recently, that user will be considered idle despite whether or not the terminal is busy and perhaps displaying output of a running program.

When set to inputoutput, doinkd will only consider a user idle if there has been no input or output to the tty recently. If any program is writing output to the tty, then, that tty is not idle. Note that with this setting, a tty is still idle if a program is running without user interaction and is not displaying output to the tty.

If this option is unspecified, it defaults to userinput.

Thresholds

Threshold commands are of the form:
threshold type number
where type must be one of:
multiple
session
For the threshold multiple command, the number specifies the minimum number of tty’s that must be in use before doinkd begins to limit the users on how many tty’s they may have. For example, if the threshold is set to 10, and 3 users are logged on 5 times each (each have 5 tty’s), then since 3*5=15 and 15 >= 10, doinkd will limit how many tty’s they may have. If the multiples command (see below) specifies that users get 3 sessions during this period, then each of the users would have to get rid of two of their tty’s, or doinkd would kill 2 for them.

For the threshold session command, the number specifies the minimum number of tty’s that must be in use before doinkd begins to limit the length of time users may remain logged on. If there are at least that many tty’s in use, then doinkd will perform warnings and kill tty’s that have been logged in as long as or beyond their maximum allowed time (specified in a session command).

If a threshold is not set, then no checking will be done.

Multiple login logouts restrict each user to a number of logins based on the multiples setting. See Multiples for more information.

Multiples

The multiples command is of the form:
maxuser type name number
where type should be the type of

If the number is -1, then the number of logins each user is allowed to have is based on how many different users are currently logged in. It is figured as the floor of (multiple threshold)/(num users). So, if the threshold is 10 and there are 2 different users on, each user would be allowed to keep 5 logins. If the threshold is 10 and there are 3 different users on, then each user would be allowed to keep 3 logins.

If the number is greater than 0, then it specifies the number of logins each user will be allowed to keep, despite the total number of tty’s in use.

doinkd guarantees that each user will be allowed to keep at least one tty.

The method in which doinkd chooses which tty’s to keep is based on login time. The tty’s which were started first will be kept, with the later ones being warned and killed.

Maxuser

The maxuser command is of the form:
multiples who number
where who is the same as above.

number is the number of sessions allowed.

The method in which doinkd chooses which tty’s to keep is based on login time. The tty’s which were started first will be kept, with the later ones being warned and killed.

Specifying Users Via a File

As is indicated above, each of the timeout, session, refuse, and exempt commands can specify users via a file statement. Therefore, such lines would look like these:

timeout file <filename> <minutes>
session file <filename> <minutes>
refuse file <filename>
exempt file <filename> <exempt_type>

The <filename> should be either a filename/path relative to the working directory from which doinkd was started, or a complete path to a user file (such as /usr/local/lib/users).

The format of the file is simply one login name per line. Initial spaces on a line is ignored. Any text beyond the first word on the line is also ignored (so comments, if desired, can be placed at the end of the lines). Blank lines are ignored.

Filenames can contain letters A-Z and a-z, numbers 0-9, ’_’, ’.’, and ’/’. Therefore,

/usr/local/lib/doinkd/Session_Users1.list

is a valid filename. Any other character than those mentioned above are not allowed in the filenames.

EXAMPLE

A sample doinkd configuration file follows (look in the doinkd distribution package for doinkd.cf, an example that shows all commands):

# # sleep 2 minutes between checks (specified in seconds) # sleep 120 # # Give 5 minutes between warning and logout (in seconds) # warn 300 # # Set conswins to off, so that idle, multiple, and session # logouts will be disabled for tty’s owned by the user # logged in on console. # conswins idle off conswins multiple off conswins session off # # 30 users must be logged on before # multiple login checks will begin # threshold multiple 30 # # Do proportional multiple login allows, based on the multiple # threshold and number of different users on. # multiples -1 # # We want session limits to apply all the time # threshold session 1 # # idlemethod set to "userinput" (default) requires that user # interact with the tty to be determined not idle. Set it to # "inputoutput" to allow tty output to also consider the tty # not idle. # # idlemethod inputoutput # # Set the timeout for console to be 15 (plus warntime) # before it will log off anyone on console. # Set the default idle timeout to 60 minutes. For the # group staff, set the idle timeout to 2 hours. # 30 minute timeout for users logged in from dopey. # timeout tty console 15 timeout default 60 timeout group staff 120 timeout host dopey 30 # # Students must not remain logged in for longer than 45 minutes # session group student 45 # # Necessary exemptions to make sure the console doesn’t # get logged off for session limits or multiple logins and # staff members don’t get logged off at all. # exempt tty console session exempt tty console multiple exempt group staff all

SEE ALSO

doinkd(8), utmp(5)
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--> DOINKD.CF (5) May 30, 2006

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