|pattern result||When pattern matches a mail address, replace it by the corresponding result.|
|blank lines and comments||Empty lines and whitespace-only lines are ignored, as are lines whose first non-whitespace character is a #.|
|multi-line text||A logical line starts with non-whitespace text. A line that starts with whitespace continues a logical line.|
With lookups from indexed files such as DB or DBM, or from networked tables such as NIS, LDAP or SQL, patterns are tried in the order as listed below:
user@domain address Replace user@domain by address. This form has the highest precedence. user address Replace user@site by address when site is equal to $myorigin, when site is listed in $mydestination, or when it is listed in $inet_interfaces or $proxy_interfaces. @domain address Replace other addresses in domain by address. This form has the lowest precedence.
The lookup result is subject to address rewriting:
o When the result has the form @otherdomain, the result becomes the same user in otherdomain. o When "append_at_myorigin=yes", append "@$myorigin" to addresses without "@domain". o When "append_dot_mydomain=yes", append ".$mydomain" to addresses without ".domain".
When a mail address localpart contains the optional recipient delimiter (e.g., user+foo@domain), the lookup order becomes: user+foo@domain, user@domain, user+foo, user, and @domain.
The propagate_unmatched_extensions parameter controls whether an unmatched address extension (+foo) is propagated to the result of table lookup.
This section describes how the table lookups change when the table is given in the form of regular expressions. For a description of regular expression lookup table syntax, see regexp_table(5) or pcre_table(5).
Each pattern is a regular expression that is applied to the entire address being looked up. Thus, user@domain mail addresses are not broken up into their user and @domain constituent parts, nor is user+foo broken up into user and foo.
Patterns are applied in the order as specified in the table, until a pattern is found that matches the search string.
Results are the same as with indexed file lookups, with the additional feature that parenthesized substrings from the pattern can be interpolated as $1, $2 and so on.
This section describes how the table lookups change when lookups are directed to a TCP-based server. For a description of the TCP client/server lookup protocol, see tcp_table(5). This feature is not available up to and including Postfix version 2.4.
Each lookup operation uses the entire address once. Thus, user@domain mail addresses are not broken up into their user and @domain constituent parts, nor is user+foo broken up into user and foo.
Results are the same as with indexed file lookups.
The following shows a generic mapping with an indexed file. When mail is sent to a remote host via SMTP, this replaces email@example.com by his ISP mail address, replaces firstname.lastname@example.org by her ISP mail address, and replaces other local addresses by his ISP account, with an address extension of +local (this example assumes that the ISP supports "+" style address extensions).
/usr/local/etc/postfix/main.cf: smtp_generic_maps = hash:$config_directory/genericExecute the command "postmap /usr/local/etc/postfix/generic" whenever the table is changed. Instead of hash, some systems use dbm database files. To find out what tables your system supports use the command "postconf -m".
The table format does not understand quoting conventions.
The following main.cf parameters are especially relevant. The text below provides only a parameter summary. See postconf(5) for more details including examples.
smtp_generic_maps Address mapping lookup table for envelope and header sender and recipient addresses while delivering mail via SMTP. propagate_unmatched_extensions A list of address rewriting or forwarding mechanisms that propagate an address extension from the original address to the result. Specify zero or more of canonical, virtual, alias, forward, include, or generic. Other parameters of interest: inet_interfaces The network interface addresses that this system receives mail on. You need to stop and start Postfix when this parameter changes. proxy_interfaces Other interfaces that this machine receives mail on by way of a proxy agent or network address translator. mydestination List of domains that this mail system considers local. myorigin The domain that is appended to locally-posted mail. owner_request_special Give special treatment to owner-xxx and xxx-request addresses.
postmap(1), Postfix lookup table manager postconf(5), configuration parameters smtp(8), Postfix SMTP client
Use "postconf readme_directory" or "postconf html_directory" to locate this information.ADDRESS_REWRITING_README, address rewriting guide DATABASE_README, Postfix lookup table overview STANDARD_CONFIGURATION_README, configuration examples
The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.
A genericstable feature appears in the Sendmail MTA.
This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.
Wietse Venema IBM T.J. Watson Research P.O. Box 704 Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA