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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  IAUTH.CONF (5)

NAME

iauth.conf - The Internet Relay Chat Authentication Configuration File

CONTENTS

Description
Iauth Options
Modules
Example
Caveats
Copyright
Files
Author

DESCRIPTION

The iauth.conf file is read by the iauth program upon startup, it contains the list of modules that should be used to authenticate a particular connection. The list is ordered, which means that the first module to successfully authenticate a connection will be the last to be tried.

The file is divided in sections, the first section is used for iauth options, each subsequent section specifies a module with eventual options using the following format:

module module-name
[TAB]option = string
[TAB]host = host-name
[TAB]ip = ip-address
[TAB]timeout = value
[TAB]port = value
[TAB]reason = string

The section ends with an empty line. The module-name defines which module the section applies to. A particular module may be used in several sections. An option string of undefined format may be specified, it will then be passed to the module upon initialization, see the MODULES section to find out if a module accepts any option.

If host-name and ip-address fields are specified, then the module will only be used for connections matching one of the fields given in the configuration. An entry prefixed with the character ! indicates a negative match. IP addresses are checked first.

Port is mandatory for socks and webproxy modules and not used in others. It tells module what port it should connect to to do its work.

If no host nor ip entry is specified, then the module will always be used.

Reason is text to send to clients rejected by given module.

When writing a configuration file, one should always verify the syntax using the iauth program to avoid later problems.

IAUTH OPTIONS

timeout = <seconds>
  This allows to specify how much time each module has to complete its work for each connection. This option can also be specified individually for each module. The default is 30 seconds.
required
  By specifying this keyword, the IRC server is told not to accept new user connections unless the authentication is handled by iauth. This does NOT mean that the server will wait forever to get the data from iauth, see the notimeout option.
notimeout
  By specifying this keyword, the IRC server is told not to accept a user connection if iauth hasn’t finished its work in time. Note that modules specified after delayed keyword are not considered.
extinfo
  This keyword allows extra information (user supplied username, and eventually password) to be received by iauth from the server. This is only useful if a module using this information is loaded.
delayed
  All modules below this keyword will run in "delayed" execution mode. This means that ircd gets (fake) message that iauth is done with this client so that it allows it. Modules however do work as usual and upon deciding that this client should be removed, message is sent to ircd and client removed.
shared <name> <mod_name.so>
  If iauth was compiled with Dynamically Shared Module support, it can be told to dynamically load a module using this option. The module can then be loaded.

MODULES

pipe This module is provided as a replacement to the (now obsolete) R configuration lines supported by the IRC daemon. It runs an external program with the client IP and port as arguments. The program should output either ’Y’ (Yes, let the client in), or ’N’ (No, don’t let them in).

Note that this module is quite expensive as it forks a separate process for each connection received by the IRC daemon.

This module requires the following option: prog=/path/to/external/program

socks This module performs a basic check to verify that the host where the connection originated from doesn’t run a SOCKS v4 or v5 proxy server on a given in configuration port that is open to the world. It is useful to reject abusive clients using a relay to evade kill lines and bans. Multiple instances (with different ports) are allowed.

This module understands ten options: reject to reject connections originating from a host where an open proxy was detected, log to log hostnames where an open proxy is detected. protocol to log protocol errors paranoid to consider proxies which deny the request because of a userid/ident mismatch to be OPEN proxies. megaparanoid which is paranoid plus it considers all proxies not explicitly stating they are closed to be OPEN proxies -- that includes all protocol errors, unexpected results etc. cache[=value] to set the cache lifetime in minutes. By default, caching is enabled for 30 minutes. A value of 0 disables caching. careful to make sure socks v5 is properly configured with IP rulesets. Without this parameter, module will not send additional query and assume first positive answer as valid. v4only to check only socks v4. v5only to check only socks v5.

rfc931 This module is for authentication TCP connections using the protocol defined in RFC 1413 (which obsoletes RFC 931). It is always loaded, and does not recognize the host nor ip fields.
lhex This module acts as a proxy, communicating with a LHEx server to perform authentication of client connections. It takes a single (mandatory) option, which is the IP-address of the LHEx server to use.
webproxy
  This module performs a basic HTTP CONNECT to verify that the host where the connection originated from doesn’t run an open WWW proxy. It is useful to reject abusive clients using a relay to evade kill lines and bans. Multiple instances (with different ports) are allowed.

This module understands five options: reject to reject connections originating from a host where an open proxy was detected. log to log hostnames where an open proxy is detected. cache[=value] to set the cache lifetime in minutes. By default, caching is enabled for 30 minutes. A value of 0 disables caching. careful to make sure that we connected to our own ircd; without this parameter, module will accept any "HTTP/1.? 200" with an exception of servers sending "Date:" header along (which is common with some Apache+PHP configurations).

EXAMPLE

The following file will cause the IRC daemon to reject all connections originating from a system where an open proxy is running for hosts within *.fr and *.enserb.u-bordeaux.fr but not for other hosts matching *.u-bordeaux.fr. For all connections, an ident lookup (RFC 1413) will be performed as well as checking for WWW proxy on port 8080 and 3128. In addition, every connection is authenticated with the LHEx server at IP-address 127.0.0.1. Client will be let in after ident and lhex are done but if socks or webproxy finds an open proxy, client will be removed asap.

module rfc931

module lhex option = 127.0.0.1

delayed

module socks option = reject,paranoid host = *.enserb.u-bordeaux.fr host = !*.u-bordeaux.fr host = *.fr port = 1080

module webproxy option = reject port = 8080

module webproxy option = reject,careful port = 3128

CAVEATS

When the option extinfo is set, connections registering as a server or a service with the IRC server are not guaranteed to receive the "user" authentication provided by modules (such as the rfc931 module).

COPYRIGHT

(c) 1998,1999 Christophe Kalt

For full COPYRIGHT see LICENSE file with IRC package.

FILES

"iauth.conf"

SEE ALSO

iauth(8)

AUTHOR

Christophe Kalt.
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--> IAUTH.CONF (5) $Date: 2004/12/16 16:14:06 $

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