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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  RELAYD.CONF (5)

NAME

relayd.conf - relay daemon configuration file

CONTENTS

Description
Sections
Macros
Global Configuration
Tables
Redirections
Relays
Ssl Relays
Protocols
Filter Rules
Files
Examples
See Also
History
Authors
Caveats

DESCRIPTION

relayd.conf is the configuration file for the relay daemon, relayd(8).

SECTIONS

relayd.conf is divided into seven main sections:
Macros
  User-defined variables may be defined and used later, simplifying the configuration file.
Global Configuration
  Global settings for relayd(8). Do note that the config file allows global settings to be added after defining tables in the config file, but those tables will use the built-in defaults instead of the global settings below them.
Tables
  Table definitions describe a list of hosts, in a similar fashion to pf(4) tables. They are used for relay and redirection target selection with the described options and health checking on the host they contain.
Redirections
  Redirections are translated to pf(4) rdr-to rules for stateful forwarding to a target host from a health-checked table on layer 3.
Relays
  Relays allow application layer load balancing, SSL acceleration, and general purpose TCP proxying on layer 7.
Protocols
  Protocols are predefined settings and filter rules for relays.

Within the sections, a host address can be specified by IPv4 address, IPv6 address, interface name, interface group, or DNS hostname. If the address is an interface name, relayd(8) will look up the first IPv4 address and any other IPv4 and IPv6 addresses of the specified network interface. A port can be specified by number or name. The port name to number mappings are found in the file /etc/services; see services(5) for details.

The current line can be extended over multiple lines using a backslash ('\'). Comments can be put anywhere in the file using a hash mark ('#'), and extend to the end of the current line. Care should be taken when commenting out multi-line text: the comment is effective until the end of the entire block.

Argument names not beginning with a letter, digit, or underscore must be quoted.

Additional configuration files can be included with the include keyword, for example:

include "/usr/local/etc/relayd.conf.local"

MACROS

Macros can be defined that will later be expanded in context. Macro names must start with a letter, digit, or underscore, and may contain any of those characters. Macro names may not be reserved words (for example, table, relay, or timeout). Macros are not expanded inside quotes.

For example:

www1="10.0.0.1"
www2="10.0.0.2"
table <webhosts> {
        $www1
        $www2
}

GLOBAL CONFIGURATION

Here are the settings that can be set globally:
interval number
  Set the interval in seconds at which the hosts will be checked. The default interval is 10 seconds.
log (updates | all)
  Log state notifications after completed host checks. Either only log the updates to new states or log all state notifications, even if the state didn’t change. The host state can be up (the health check completed successfully), down (the host is down or didn’t match the check criteria), or unknown (the host is disabled or has not been checked yet).
prefork number
  When using relays, run the specified number of processes to handle relayed connections. This increases the performance and prevents delays when connecting to a relay. relayd(8) runs 3 relay processes by default and every process will handle all configured relays.
timeout number
  Set the global timeout in milliseconds for checks. This can be overridden by the timeout value in the table definitions. The default interval is 200 milliseconds and it must not exceed the global interval. Please note that the default value is optimized for checks within the same collision domain - use a higher timeout, such as 1000 milliseconds, for checks of hosts in other subnets. If this option is to be set, it should be placed before overrides in tables.

TABLES

Tables are used to group a set of hosts as the target for redirections or relays; they will be mapped to a pf(4) table for redirections. Tables may be defined with the following attribute:
disable
  Start the table disabled - no hosts will be checked in this table. The table can be later enabled through relayctl(8).

Each table must contain at least one host address; multiple hosts are separated by newline, comma, or whitespace. Host entries may be defined with the following attributes:
ip ttl number
  Change the default time-to-live value in the IP headers for host checks.
parent number
  The optional parent option inherits the state from a parent host with the specified identifier. The check will be skipped for this host and copied from the parent host. This can be used to prevent multiple checks on hosts with multiple IP addresses for the same service. The host identifiers are sequentially assigned to the configured hosts starting with 1; it can be shown with the relayctl(8) show summary commands.
priority number
  Change the route priority used when adding a route. If not specified, the kernel will set a priority of 8 (RTP_STATIC). In ordinary use, a fallback route should be added statically with a very high (e.g. 52) priority. Unused in all other modes.
retry number
  The optional retry option adds a tolerance for failed host checks; the check will be retried for number more times before setting the host state to down. If this table is used by a relay, it will also specify the number of retries for outgoing connection attempts.

For example:

table <service> { 192.168.1.1, 192.168.1.2, 192.168.2.3 }
table <fallback> disable { 10.1.5.1 retry 2 }

redirect "www" {         listen on www.example.com port 80         forward to <service> check http "/" code 200         forward to <fallback> check http "/" code 200 }

Tables are used by forward to directives in redirections or relays with a set of general options, health-checking rules, and timings; see the REDIRECTIONS and RELAYS sections for more information about the forward context. Table specific configuration directives are described below. Multiple options can be appended to forward to directives, separated by whitespaces.

The following options will configure the health-checking method for the table, and is mandatory for redirections:
check http path [host hostname] code number
  For each host in the table, verify that retrieving the URL path gives the HTTP return code number. If hostname is specified, it is used as the "Host:" header to query a specific hostname at the target host. To validate the HTTP return code, use this shell command:
$ echo -n "HEAD <path> HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n" | \
        nc <host> <port> | head -n1

This prints the status header including the actual return code:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK

check https path [host hostname] code number
  This has the same effect as above but wraps the HTTP request in SSL.
check http path [host hostname] digest string
  For each host in the table, verify that retrieving the URL path produces non-binary content whose message digest matches the defined string. The algorithm used is determined by the string length of the digest argument, either SHA1 (40 characters) or MD5 (32 characters). If hostname is specified, it is used as the "Host:" header to query a specific hostname at the target host. The digest does not take the HTTP headers into account. Do not specify a binary object (such as a graphic) as the target of the request, as relayd.conf expects the data returned to be a string. To compute the digest, use this simple command:
$ ftp -o - http://host[:port]/path | sha1

This gives a digest that can be used as-is in a digest statement:

a9993e36476816aba3e25717850c26c9cd0d89d

check https path [host hostname] digest string
  This has the same effect as above but wraps the HTTP request in SSL.
check icmp
  Ping hosts in this table to determine whether they are up or not. This method will automatically use ICMP or ICMPV6 depending on the address family of each host.
check script path
  Execute an external program to check the host state. The program will be executed for each host by specifying the hostname on the command line:
/usr/local/bin/checkload.pl front-www1.private.example.com

relayd(8) expects a positive return value on success and zero on failure. Note that the script will be executed with the privileges of the "_relayd" user and terminated after timeout milliseconds.

check send data expect pattern [ssl]
  For each host in the table, a TCP connection is established on the port specified, then data is sent. Incoming data is then read and is expected to match against pattern using shell globbing rules. If data is an empty string or nothing then nothing is sent on the connection and data is immediately read. This can be useful with protocols that output a banner like SMTP, NNTP, and FTP. If the ssl keyword is present, the transaction will occur in an SSL tunnel.
check ssl
  Perform a complete SSL handshake with each host to check their availability.
check tcp
  Use a simple TCP connect to check that hosts are up.

The following general table options are available:
interval number
  Override the global interval and specify one for this table. It must be a multiple of the global interval.
timeout number
  Set the timeout in milliseconds for each host that is checked using TCP as the transport. This will override the global timeout, which is 200 milliseconds by default.

The following options will set the scheduling algorithm to select a host from the specified table:
mode hash
  Balances the outgoing connections across the active hosts based on the hashed name of the relay, the hashed name of the table, and the IP address and port of the relay. Additional input can be fed into the hash by looking at HTTP headers and GET variables; see the PROTOCOLS section below. This mode is only supported by relays.
mode least-states
  Forward each outgoing connection to the active host with the least active pf(4) states. This mode is only supported by redirections.
mode loadbalance
  Balances the outgoing connections across the active hosts based on the hashed name of the relay, the hashed name of the table, the source IP address of the client, and the IP address and port of the relay. This mode is only supported by relays.
mode random
  Distributes the outgoing connections randomly through all active hosts. This mode is only supported by relays.
mode roundrobin
  Distributes the outgoing connections using a round-robin scheduler through all active hosts. This is the default mode and will be used if no option has been specified. This mode is supported by redirections and relays.
mode source-hash
  Balances the outgoing connections across the active hosts based on the hashed name of the redirection or relay, the hashed name of the table, and the source IP address of the client. This mode is only supported by relays.

REDIRECTIONS

Redirections represent a pf(4) rdr-to rule. They are used for stateful redirections to the hosts in the specified tables. pf(4) rewrites the target IP addresses and ports of the incoming connections, operating on layer 3. The configuration directives that are valid in the redirect context are described below:
disable
  The redirection is initially disabled. It can be later enabled through relayctl(8).
forward to <table> [port number] options ...
  Specify the tables of target hosts to be used; see the TABLES section above for information about table options. If the port option is not specified, the first port from the listen on directive will be used. This directive can be specified twice - the second entry will be used as the backup table if all hosts in the main table are down. At least one entry for the main table is mandatory.
listen on address [ip-proto] port port [interface name]
  Specify an address and a port to listen on. pf(4) will redirect incoming connections for the specified target to the hosts in the main or backup table. The port argument can optionally specify a port range instead of a single port; the format is min-port: max-port. The optional argument ip-proto can be used to specify an IP protocol like tcp or udp; it defaults to tcp. The rule can be optionally restricted to a given interface name.
route to <table> [port number] options ...
  Like the forward to directive, but directly routes the packets to the target host without modifying the target address using a pf(4) route-to rule. This can be used for "direct server return" to force the target host to respond via a different gateway. Note that hosts have to accept sessions for the same address as the gateway, which is typically done by configuring a loopback interface on the host with this address.
session timeout seconds
  Specify the inactivity timeout in seconds for established redirections. The default timeout is 600 seconds (10 minutes). The maximum is 2147483647 seconds (68 years).
sticky-address
  This has the same effect as specifying sticky-address for an rdr-to rule in pf.conf(5). It will ensure that multiple connections from the same source are mapped to the same redirection address.
[match] pftag name
  Automatically tag packets passing through the pf(4) rdr-to rule with the name supplied. This allows simpler filter rules. The optional match keyword will change the default rule action from pass in quick to match in to allow further evaluation in the pf ruleset using the tagged name rule option.

RELAYS

Relays will forward traffic between a client and a target server. In contrast to redirections and IP forwarding in the network stack, a relay will accept incoming connections from remote clients as a server, open an outgoing connection to a target host, and forward any traffic between the target host and the remote client, operating on layer 7. A relay is also called an application layer gateway or layer 7 proxy.

The main purpose of a relay is to provide advanced load balancing functionality based on specified protocol characteristics, such as HTTP headers, to provide SSL acceleration and to allow basic handling of the underlying application protocol.

The relay configuration directives are described below:
disable
  Start the relay but immediately close any accepted connections.
[transparent] forward [with ssl] to address [port port] options ...
  Specify the address and port of the target host to connect to. If the port option is not specified, the port from the listen on directive will be used. Use the transparent keyword to enable fully-transparent mode; the source address of the client will be retained in this case.

The with ssl directive enables client-side SSL mode to connect to the remote host. Verification of server certificates can be enabled by setting the ca file option in the protocol section.

The following options may be specified for forward directives:

retry number
  The optional host retry option will be used as a tolerance for failed host connections; the connection will be retried for number more times.
inet If the requested destination is an IPv6 address, relayd(8) will forward the connection to an IPv4 address which is determined by the last 4 octets of the original IPv6 destination. For example, if the original IPv6 destination address is 2001:db8:7395:ffff::a01:101, the session is relayed to the IPv4 address 10.1.1.1 (a01:101).
inet6 address-prefix
  If the requested destination is an IPv4 address, relayd(8) will forward the connection to an IPv6 address which is determined by setting the last 4 octets of the specified IPv6 address-prefix to the 4 octets of the original IPv4 destination. For example, if the original IPv4 destination address is 10.1.1.1 and the specified address prefix is 2001:db8:7395:ffff::, the session is relayed to the IPv6 address 2001:db8:7395:ffff::a01:101.
forward to <table> [port port] options ...
  Like the previous directive, but connect to a host from the specified table; see the TABLES section above for information about table options. This directive can be specified multiple times - subsequent entries will be used as the backup table if all hosts in the previous table are down. At least one entry for the main table is mandatory.
forward to destination options ...
  When redirecting connections with a rdr-to rule in pf.conf(5) to a relay listening on localhost, this directive will look up the real destination address of the intended target host, allowing the relay to be run as a transparent proxy. If an additional forward to directive to a specified address or table is present, it will be used as a backup if the NAT lookup failed.
listen on address [port port] [ssl]
  Specify the address and port for the relay to listen on. The relay will accept incoming connections to the specified address. If the port option is not specified, the port from the listen on directive will be used.

If the ssl keyword is present, the relay will accept connections using the encrypted SSL protocol. The relay will attempt to look up a private key in /usr/local/etc/ssl/private/address:port.key and a public certificate in /usr/local/etc/ssl/address:port.crt, where address is the specified IP address and port is the specified port that the relay listens on. If these files are not present, the relay will continue to look in /usr/local/etc/ssl/private/address.key and /usr/local/etc/ssl/address.crt. See ssl(8) for details about SSL server certificates.

protocol name
  Use the specified protocol definition for the relay. The generic TCP protocol options will be used by default; see the PROTOCOLS section below.
session timeout seconds
  Specify the inactivity timeout in seconds for accepted sessions. The default timeout is 600 seconds (10 minutes). The maximum is 2147483647 seconds (68 years).

SSL RELAYS

In addition to plain TCP, relayd(8) supports the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) cryptographic protocols for authenticated and encrypted relays. TLS is the successor of the original SSL protocol but the term SSL can refer to either of the protocols in relayd.conf. relayd(8) can operate as an SSL client or server to offer a variety of options for different use cases related to SSL.
SSL client
  When configuring the relay forward statements with the with ssl directive, relayd(8) will enable client-side SSL to connect to the remote host. This is commonly used for SSL tunneling and transparent encapsulation of plain TCP connections. See the forward to description in the RELAYS section for more details.
SSL server
  When specifying the ssl keyword in the relay listen statements, relayd(8) will accept connections from clients as an SSL server. This mode is also known as "SSL acceleration". See the listen on description in the RELAYS section for more details.
SSL client and server
  When combining both modes, SSL server and client, relayd(8) can filter SSL connections as a man-in-the-middle. This combined mode is also called "SSL inspection". The configuration requires additional X.509 certificate settings; see the ca key description in the PROTOCOLS section for more details.

When configured for "SSL inspection" mode, relayd(8) will listen for incoming connections which have been diverted to the local socket by PF. Before accepting and negotiating the incoming SSL connection as a server, it will look up the original destination address on the diverted socket, and pre-connect to the target server as an SSL client to obtain the remote SSL certificate. It will update or patch the obtained SSL certificate by replacing the included public key with its local server key because it doesn’t have the private key of the remote server certificate. It also updates the X.509 issuer name to the local CA subject name and signs the certificate with its local CA key. This way it keeps all the other X.509 attributes that are already present in the server certificate, including the "green bar" extended validation attributes. Now it finally accepts the SSL connection from the diverted client using the updated certificate and continues to handle the connection and to connect to the remote server.

PROTOCOLS

Protocols are templates defining settings and rules for relays. They allow setting generic TCP options, SSL settings, and rules for the selected application layer protocol.

The protocol directive is available for a number of different application layer protocols. There is no generic handler for UDP-based protocols because it is a stateless datagram-based protocol which has to look into the application layer protocol to find any possible state information.
dns protocol
  (UDP) Domain Name System (DNS) protocol. The requested IDs in the DNS header will be used to match the state. relayd(8) replaces these IDs with random values to compensate for predictable values generated by some hosts.
http protocol
  Handle the HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP, or "HTTPS" if encapsulated in an SSL tunnel).
[tcp] protocol
  Generic handler for TCP-based protocols. This is the default.

The available configuration directives are described below:
(block | pass | match) [rule]
  Specify one or more rules to filter connections based on their network or application layer headers; see the FILTER RULES section for more details.
return error [option]
  Return an error response to the client if an internal operation or the forward connection to the client failed. By default, the connection will be silently dropped. The effect of this option depends on the protocol: HTTP will send an error header and page to the client before closing the connection. Additional valid options are:
style string
  Specify a Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) to be used for the returned HTTP error pages, for example:
body { background: #a00000; color: white; }

ssl option
  Set the SSL options and session settings. This is only used if SSL is enabled in the relay. Valid options are:
ca cert path
  Specify a CA certificate for SSL inspection. For more information, see the ca key option below.
ca file path
  This option enables CA verification in SSL client mode. The daemon will load the CA (Certificate Authority) certificates from the specified path to verify the server certificates.
ca key path password password
  Specify a CA key for SSL inspection. The password argument will specify the password to decrypt the CA key (typically an RSA key). This option will enable SSL inspection if the following conditions are true:

  • SSL client mode is enabled by the listen directive: listen on ... ssl.
  • SSL server mode and divert lookups are enabled by the forward directive: forward with ssl to destination.
  • The ca cert option is specified.
  • The ca key option is specified.
ciphers string
  Set the string defining the SSL cipher suite. If not specified, the default value HIGH:!aNULL will be used (strong crypto cipher suites without anonymous DH). See the CIPHERS section of openssl(1) for information about SSL cipher suites and preference lists.
[nocipher-server-preference]
  Prefer the server’s cipher list over the client’s preferences when choosing a cipher for the connection; disabled by default.
[noclient-renegotiation]
  Allow client-initiated renegotiation; enabled by default. Disable to mitigate a potential DoS risk.
ecdh [curve name]
  Set a named curve to use when generating EC keys for ECDHE-based cipher suites with Perfect Forward Security (PFS). If the curve name is not specified, the default curve prime256v1 will be used. ECDHE is enabled by default.
no ecdh
  Disable ECDHE support.
edh [params maximum]
  Enable EDH-based cipher suites with Perfect Forward Security (PFS) for older clients that do not support ECDHE. If the maximum length of the DH params for EDH is not specified, the default value of 1024 bits will be used. Other possible values are numbers between 1024 and 8192, including 1024, 1536, 2048, 4096, or 8192. Values higher than 1024 bits can cause incompatibilities with older SSL clients.
no edh Disable EDH support. This is the default.
session cache value
  Set the maximum size of the SSL session cache. If the value is zero, the default size defined by the SSL library will be used. A positive number will set the maximum size in bytes and the keyword disable will disable the SSL session cache.
[no] sslv2
  Enable the SSLv2 protocol; disabled by default.
[no] sslv3
  Disable the SSLv3 protocol; enabled by default.
[no] tlsv1
  Disable the TLSv1/SSLv3.1 protocol; enabled by default.
tcp option
  Enable or disable the specified TCP/IP options; see tcp(4) and ip(4) for more information about the options. Valid options are:
backlog number
  Set the maximum length the queue of pending connections may grow to. The backlog option is 10 by default and is limited by the kern.somaxconn sysctl(8) variable.
ip minttl number
  This option for the underlying IP connection may be used to discard packets with a TTL lower than the specified value. This can be used to implement the Generalized TTL Security Mechanism (GTSM) according to RFC 5082.
ip ttl number
  Change the default time-to-live value in the IP headers.
[no] nodelay
  Enable the TCP NODELAY option for this connection. This is recommended to avoid delays in the relayed data stream, e.g. for SSH connections.
[no] sack
  Use selective acknowledgements for this connection.
socket buffer number
  Set the socket-level buffer size for input and output for this connection. This will affect the TCP window size.

FILTER RULES

Relays have the ability to filter connections based on their network or application layer headers. Filter rules apply options to connections based on the specified filter parameters.

For each connection that is processed by a relay, the filter rules are evaluated in sequential order, from first to last. For block and pass, the last matching rule decides what action is taken; if no rule matches the connection, the default action is to establish the connection without any additional action. For match, rules are evaluated every time they match; the pass/block state of a connection remains unchanged.

The filter action may be one of the following:
block The connection is blocked. If a block rule matches a new connection attempt, it will not be established. block rules can also trigger for existing connections after evaluating application layer parameters; any connection of the relay session will be instantly dropped.
match The connection is matched. This action does not alter the connection state, but allows additional parameters to the connection.
pass The connection is passed; relayd(8) will continue to process the relay session normally.

These filter parameters can be used in the rules:
request or response
  A relay session always consists of two connections: the request, a client initiating a new connection to a server via the relay, and the response, the server accepting the connection. Depending on the protocol, an established session can be purely request/response-based (like HTTP), exchange data in a bidirectional way (like arbitrary TCP sessions), or just contain a single datagram and an optional response (like UDP-based protocols). But the client always requests to communicate with a remote peer; the server.
quick If a connection is matched by a rule with the quick option set, the rule is considered to be the last matching rule and any further evaluation is skipped.
inet or inet6
  Only match connections with the specified address family, either of type IPv4 or IPv6.
label string
  The label will be printed as part of the error message if the return error option is set and may contain HTML tags, for example:
block request url digest 5c1e03f58f8ce0b457474ffb371fd1ef \
        label "<a href=’http://example.com/adv.pl?id=7359’>\
        Advisory provided by example.com</a>"

no parameter
  Reset a sticky parameter that was previously set by a matching rule. The parameter is a keyword that can be either label or tag.
tag string
  Add a "sticky" tag to connections matching this filter rule. Tags can be used to filter the connection by further rules using the tagged option. Only one tag is assigned per connection; the tag will be replaced if the connection is already tagged.
tagged string
  Match the connection if it is already tagged with a given tag by a previous rule.

The following parameters are available when using the http protocol:
method NAME
  Match the HTTP request method. The method is specified by name and can be either CONNECT, COPY, DELETE, GET, HEAD, LOCK, MKCOL, MOVE, OPTIONS, PATCH, POST, PROPFIND, PROPPATCH, PUT, TRACE, or UNLOCK.
type option [[digest] (key | file path) [value value]]
  Match a specified HTTP header entity and an optional key and value. An option can be specified to modify the matched entity or to trigger an event. The entity is extracted from the HTTP request or response header and can be either of type cookie, header, path, query, or url.

Instead of a single key, multiple keys can be loaded from a file specified by path that contains one key per line. Lines will be stripped at the first whitespace or newline character and any empty lines or lines beginning with a hash mark (‘#’) will be ignored.

If the digest keyword is specified, compare the message digest of the key against the defined string. The algorithm used is determined by the string length of the key argument, either SHA1 (40 characters) or MD5 (32 characters). To compute the digest, for example for a url, use this simple command:

$ echo -n "example.com/path/?args" | sha1

[type] may be one of:
cookie option[key[value value]]
  Look up the entity as a value in the Cookie header. This type is only available with the direction request.
header option[key[value value]]
  Look up the entity in the application protocol headers, like HTTP headers in http mode.
path option[key[value value]]
  Look up the entity as a value in the URL path when using the http protocol. This type is only available with the direction request. The key will match the path of the requested URL without the hostname and query and the value will match the complete query, for example:
block path "/index.html"
block path "/cgi-bin/t.cgi" value "foo=bar*"

query option[key[value value]]
  Look up the entity as a query variable in the URL when using the http protocol. This type is only available with the direction request, for example:
# Will match /cgi-bin/example.pl?foo=bar&ok=yes
request query expect "bar" from "foo"

url option[[digestkey[valuevalue]]]
  Look up the entity as a URL suffix/prefix expression consisting of a canonicalized hostname without port or suffix and a path name or prefix when using the http protocol. This type is only available with the direction request, for example:
block url "example.com/index.html"
block url "example.com/test.cgi?val=1"

relayd(8) will match the full URL and different possible suffix/prefix combinations by stripping subdomains and path components (up to 5 levels), and the query string. For example, the following lookups will be done for http://www.example.com:81/1/2/3/4/5.html?query=yes:

www.example.com/1/2/3/4/5.html?query=yes
www.example.com/1/2/3/4/5.html
www.example.com/
www.example.com/1/
www.example.com/1/2/
www.example.com/1/2/3/
example.com/1/2/3/4/5.html?query=yes
example.com/1/2/3/4/5.html
example.com/
example.com/1/
example.com/1/2/
example.com/1/2/3/

[option] may be one of:
append
  Append the specified value to a protocol entity with the selected key name. If it does not exist, it will be created with the new value.

The value string may contain predefined macros that will be expanded at runtime:

$REMOTE_ADDR
  The IP address of the connected client.
$REMOTE_PORT
  The TCP source port of the connected client.
$SERVER_ADDR
  The configured IP address of the relay.
$SERVER_PORT
  The configured TCP server port of the relay.
$SERVER_NAME
  The server software name of relayd(8).
$TIMEOUT The configured session timeout of the relay.
hash Feed the value of the selected entity into the load balancing hash to select the target host. See the table keyword in the RELAYS section above.
log Log the key name and the value of the entity.
remove Remove the entity with the selected key name.
set Like the append directive above, but change the contents of the specified entity. If key does not exist in the request, it will be created with the new value.

The value string may contain predefined macros that will be expanded at runtime, as detailed for the append directive above.

FILES

/usr/local/etc/relayd.conf relayd(8) configuration file.

/etc/services Service name database.

/usr/local/etc/ssl/address.crt
/usr/local/etc/ssl/address:port.crt
/usr/local/etc/ssl/private/address.key
/usr/local/etc/ssl/private/address:port.key
  Location of the relay SSL server certificates, where address is the configured IP address and port is the configured port number of the relay.

/usr/local/etc/ssl/cert.pem Default location of the CA bundle that can be used with relayd(8).

EXAMPLES

This configuration file would create a redirection service "www" which load balances four hosts and falls back to one host containing a "sorry page":
www1=front-www1.private.example.com
www2=front-www2.private.example.com
www3=front-www3.private.example.com
www4=front-www4.private.example.com

interval 5

table <phphosts> { $www1, $www2, $www3, $www4 } table <sorryhost> disable { sorryhost.private.example.com }

redirect "www" {         listen on www.example.com port 8080 interface trunk0         listen on www6.example.com port 80 interface trunk0

        pftag REDIRECTED

        forward to <phphosts> port 8080 timeout 300 \                 check http "/" digest "630aa3c2f..."         forward to <sorryhost> port 8080 timeout 300 check icmp }

It is possible to specify multiple listen directives with different IP protocols in a single redirection configuration:

redirect "dns" {
        listen on dns.example.com tcp port 53
        listen on dns.example.com udp port 53

        forward to <dnshosts> port 53 check tcp }

The following configuration would add a relay to forward secure HTTPS connections to a pool of HTTP webservers using the loadbalance mode (SSL acceleration and layer 7 load balancing). The HTTP protocol definition will add two HTTP headers containing address information of the client and the server, set the "Keep-Alive" header value to the configured session timeout, and include the "sessid" variable in the hash to calculate the target host:

http protocol "http_ssl" {
        match header append "X-Forwarded-For" \
                value "$REMOTE_ADDR"
        match header append "X-Forwarded-By" \
                value "$REMOTE_ADDR:$SERVER_PORT"
        match header set "Keep-Alive" value "$TIMEOUT"

        match query hash "sessid"         match hash "sessid"

        pass         block path "/cgi-bin/index.cgi" value "*command=*"

        ssl { sslv2, ciphers "MEDIUM:HIGH" } }

relay "sslaccel" {         listen on www.example.com port 443 ssl         protocol "http_ssl"         forward to <phphosts> port 8080 mode loadbalance check tcp }

The second relay example will accept incoming connections to port 2222 and forward them to a remote SSH server. The TCP nodelay option will allow a "smooth" SSH session without delays between keystrokes or displayed output on the terminal:

protocol "myssh" {
        tcp { nodelay, socket buffer 65536 }
}

relay "sshforward" {         listen on www.example.com port 2222         protocol "myssh"         forward to shell.example.com port 22 }

The following relay example will configure "SSL inspection" as described in the SSL RELAYS section. To start, first generate a new local CA key and certificate:

# openssl req -x509 -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 \
        -keyout /usr/local/etc/ssl/private/ca.key \
        -out /usr/local/etc/etc/ssl/ca.crt

An SSL server key and self-signed cert for 127.0.0.1 are also required; see listen on in the RELAYS section for more details about certificate locations. Configure the packet filter with a matching divert rule in pf.conf(5):

# Divert incoming HTTPS traffic to relayd
pass in on vlan1 inet proto tcp to port 443 \
        divert-to localhost port 8443

And finally configure the SSL inspection in relayd.conf:

http protocol httpfilter {
        return error

        pass         match label "Prohibited!"         block url "social.network.example.com/"

        # New configuration directives for SSL Interception         ssl ca key "/etc/ssl/private/ca.key" password "password123"         ssl ca cert "/etc/ssl/ca.crt" }

relay sslinspect {         listen on 127.0.0.1 port 8443 ssl         protocol httpfilter         forward with ssl to destination }

The next simple router configuration example can be used to run redundant, health-checked WAN links:

table <gateways> { $gw1 ip ttl 1, $gw2 ip ttl 1 }
router "uplinks" {
        route 0.0.0.0/0
        forward to <gateways> check icmp
}

SEE ALSO

relayctl(8), relayd(8), ssl(8)

HISTORY

The relayd.conf file format, formerly known as hoststated.conf, first appeared in
.Ox 4.1 . It was renamed to relayd.conf in
.Ox 4.3 .

AUTHORS


.An -nosplit The relayd(8) program was written by
.An Pierre-Yves Ritschard Aq Mt pyr@openbsd.org and
.An Reyk Floeter Aq Mt reyk@openbsd.org .

CAVEATS

relayd(8) Verification of SSL server certificates is based on a static CA bundle and relayd(8) currently does not support CRLs (Certificate Revocation Lists).
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