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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  X10RFXMETERS (5)

NAME

x10rfxmeters - RFXMeter support for HEYU

CONTENTS

Description
System Requirements
Compiler Option
Heyu Configuration
Unit Scaling
Rollover
Power Panel Totals
Stored Rfxmeter Data
Heyu Scripts
Script Environment
Rfxmeter Configuration
Rfxmeter Overview
Authors
See Also

DESCRIPTION

Heyu is an X10 Automation program for Linux, Unix, and Mac OS X. See man page heyu(1) for usage information.

RFXMeters are remote RF sensors which transmit encoded data from electric power, water, gas, or other metering modules, depending on configuration. When equipped with a compatible RF receiver, Heyu can receive and decode this information. An overview of these sensors appears further down in this page.

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

To use RFXMeters with Heyu requires a 433.92 MHz RFXCOM X10 RF receiver and Heyu version 2.2 or greater.

COMPILER OPTION

Support for RFXMeters is compiled into Heyu by default. A compiler option can be used to omit this support. See the file INSTALL included in the Heyu distribution source directory for details.

HEYU CONFIGURATION

It is assumed that a working installation of Heyu version 2.2 or greater exists on the computer, and that the user has a basic familiarity with Heyu.

The Heyu configuration file should include the directive:
TTY_AUX <serial_port or network_address:port> RFXCOM
where <serial_port> is the port where the RFXCOM receiver is connected, or <network_address:port> is where the RFXLAN receiver is listening.

Start Heyu with ’heyu start’, then open another xterm window and start the Heyu Monitor.

Wait for the RFXMeter to make a transmission, at which time you should see in the Monitor widow something like this (ignoring the date and time):

rcva func RFdata : Type RFXMeter ID 0x08 Data 0xADB92C07

Map the RFXMeter ID to an otherwise unused housecode and unitcode address with an ALIAS directive, using one of the following module types depending on whether the RFXMeter is monitoring Electric Power, Water, or Gas (or is just used to count pulses):
RFXPOWER <ID>
RFXWATER <ID>
RFXGAS <ID>
RFXPULSE <ID>

Example using housecode|unit C5 and the above ID:
ALIAS MyElectric C5 RFXPOWER 08

Run ’heyu restart’. The next time the RFXMeter transmits, you should then see in the Monitor window:

rcva func rfxPower : hc C unit 5 Meter 99.876 kWh (MyElectric)

If instead of electric power the RFXMeter is monitoring Water or Gas consumption and the following mapping is used:
ALIAS MyGas C5 RFXGAS 08

You would instead see in the Monitor window:
rcva func rfxGas : hc C unit 5 Counter 99876 pulses (MyGas)

UNIT SCALING

While the RFXPower module is already calibrated in kWh, the scale factor for Water, Gas, or Pulse metering must be supplied. For this, one of the following configuration directives is used:
RFX_WATERSCALE <Water_unit> <scale_factor>
RFX_GASSCALE <Gas_unit> <scale_factor>
RFX_PULSESCALE <Pulse_unit> <scale_factor>

For example a gas meter often has a series of dials and an optical sensor can presumably be mounted to provide one pulse for each rotation of the smallest dial. On one type of gas meter in the USA, each rotation of the smallest dial corresponds to 0.5 cubic feet of gas, so the directive to use would be:
RFX_GASSCALE cu_ft 0.5

And (after ’heyu restart’) you will then see:
rcva func rfxGas : hc C unit 5 Meter 49938.0 cu_ft (MyGas)

ROLLOVER

The counter in a RFXMeter module counts from zero to a maximum value of 16777215 (0xFFFFFF), corresponding in the case of RFXPower modules to 16777.215 kWh, then rolls over to zero. When Heyu detects that a reported count is less than the previous count it sets a local "rollover" flag. Note that this includes the case where the user has reset the counter to zero during RFXMeter configuration.

POWER PANEL TOTALS

If two or three RFXPower modules are installed in adjacent slots in an RFXMeter transmitter, Heyu assumes they are being used to monitor the phases in a two or three phase power panel or breaker box. It will then sum the readings from each of the phases and display the total in the Heyu Monitor and log file as a "Panel". Panels are numbered starting with 0 in the event there are multiple RFXMeter transmitters, each with two or three RFXPower modules.

STORED RFXMETER DATA

If the Heyu Engine daemon is running, the most recent transmissions from RFXMeters are stored in the Heyu state tables and can be recovered with the following state commands:
heyu rfxpower Hu (for Power)
heyu rfxwater Hu (for Water)
heyu rfxgas Hu (for Gas)
heyu rfxpulse Hu (for pulse count)
heyu rfxcount Hu (raw counter of any RFXMeter)
heyu rfxpanel [N] (Power panel [N] total - default N is Panel 0)

The command ’heyu show rfxmeters’ will display the meter readings for all configured RFXMeters in a tabular format.

HEYU SCRIPTS

The functions rfxpower, rfxwater, rfxgas, and rfxpulse can be used in launch conditions to launch Heyu scripts the same as any other Heyu function. The source keyword "RCVA" must be included in the launch conditions.
Example:
SCRIPT C5 rfxpower rcva :: my_power_script.sh

Any of the usual flags may be included in the launch condition, including the rollover flag set after an RFXMeter counter rolls over to zero.
Example:
SCRIPT C5 rfxpower rollover rcva :: my_rollover_script.sh

SCRIPT ENVIRONMENT

Any Heyu script has access to the stored RFXMeter values through environment variables linked to the housecode|unit (Hu) and its alias mapped to each RFXMeter.

X10_Hu_Power x10_<Hu_alias>_Power
X10_Hu_Water x10_<Hu_alias>_Water
X10_Hu_Gas x10_<Hu_alias>_Gas
X10_Hu_Pulse x10_<Hu_alias>_Pulse
X10_Hu_Count x10_<Hu_alias>_Count

Example:
SCRIPT A1 on sndc :: echo "Gas used: "$x10_MyGas_Gas | mail

RFXMETER CONFIGURATION

Configuring the RFXMeter is a matter of pushing or not pushing the MODE button on the RFXMeter transmitter in response to transmitted prompts.

When the button is to be pushed, it generally has to be done within 5 seconds. Or if the button is not to be pushed, it's necessary to wait 5 seconds for the next prompt.

To help avoid confusion and frustration with this process, a special Heyu Monitor feature has been implemented. If the monitor is started with the parameter "rfxmeter", i.e.,
heyu monitor rfxmeter

then only RFXMeter messages are displayed and their format is simplified as follows:

The usual date, time, and signal source are omitted.

Normal data transmissions are displayed as:
RFXMeter ID nn, Counter nnnn pulses

Instructional messages and prompts from the RFXMeter are
translated and displayed.

With this special monitor window open, start the configuration process by powering down the RFXMeter for at least 10 seconds, then hold down the MODE button on the device while restoring the power. When the green LED lights, release the button. Following display of the firmware identification, the prompts will begin.

The order the configuration items will appear is:
Set Interval
Set Address
Power Calibration
Reset Counter to zero

Note: Power calibration requires a precision wattmeter and is normally unnecessary since the unit is precalibrated at the factory.

RFXMETER OVERVIEW

RFXMeters are manufactured by RFXCOM (http://www.rfxcom.com) They consist of an RF transmitter with up to three plug-in modules. The transmitter operates at a carrier frequency of 433.92 MHz. Plug-in modules are available for metering power consumption and for counting pulses from optical sensors or switch contacts attached to other types of meters such as water or gas meters. Counter values are saved in non-volatile memory in the event of power interruption.

Multiple RFXMeter transmitters may be used with a total of up to 256 plug-in modules. (This many would use all 256 X10 Housecode/Unit addresses.)

The RFXMeter transmits its data packet at user configurable intervals of 30 seconds, 1, 6, 12, 15, 30, 45, or 60 minutes.

AUTHORS

RFXMeter support was added to Heyu by Charles W. Sullivan

SEE ALSO

http://www.rfxcom.com/sensors
http://www.rfxcom.com/documents/RFXMeter.pdf
http://www.rfxcom.com/documents/RFXPwr%20module.pdf
http://www.rfxcom.com/documents/RFXPulse%20module.pdf
http://www.heyu.org
heyu(1), x10config(5), x10sched(5), x10scripts(5), x10aux(5), x10cm17a(5), x10rfxsensors(5)

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