|Specifies which X display we should use (see the section DISPLAY NAMES in X(1) for more information about this option).|
|-root||Draw on the root window.|
|-window||Draw on a newly-created window. This is the default.|
|-mono||If on a color display, pretend were on a monochrome display. If were on a mono display, we have no choice.|
|-install||Install a private colormap for the window.|
|-noinstall||Dont install a private colormap for the window.|
Specify which visual to use. Legal values are the name of a visual
class, or the id number (decimal or hex) of a specific visual.
Possible choices include
default, best, mono, monochrome, gray, grey, color, staticgray, staticcolor, truecolor, grayscale, greyscale, pseudocolor, directcolor, number
If a decimal or hexadecimal number is used, XGetVisualInfo(3X) is consulted to obtain the required visual.
|-colors N||How many colors should be used (if possible). The colors are chosen randomly.|
|With -mono, this option selects the foreground colour.|
|Specifies the delay between drawing successive line segments of the path. If you do not specify -sync, some X servers may batch up several drawing operations together, producing a less smooth effect. This is more likely to happen in monochrome mode (on monochrome servers or when -mono is specified).|
|When the figure is complete, epicycle pauses this number of seconds.|
|Width in pixels of the bodys track. Specifying values greater than one may cause slower drawing. The fastest value is usually zero, meaning one pixel.|
|Smallest number of epicycles in the figure.|
|Largest number of epicycles in the figure.|
|Smallest possible value for the base speed of revolution of the epicycles. The actual speeds of the epicycles vary from this down to min_speed / harmonics.|
|Smallest possible value for the base speed of revolution of the epicycles.|
|Number of possible harmonics; the larger this value is, the greater the possible variety of possible speeds of epicycle.|
|Decreasing this value will reduce the distance the body moves for each line segment, possibly producing a smoother figure. Increasing it may produce faster results.|
|Each epicycle rotates at a rate which is a factor of the base speed. The speed of each epicycle is the base speed divided by some integer between 1 and the value of the -harmonics option. This integer is decided by starting at 1 and tossing a biased coin. For each consecutive head, the value is incremented by one. The integer will not be incremented above the value of the -harmonics option. The argument of this option decides the bias of the coin; it is the probability that that coin will produce a head at any given toss.|
|Epicycles are always at least this factor smaller than their parents.|
|Epicycles are never more than this factor smaller than their parents.|
|-fps||Display the current frame rate and CPU load.|
Option Resource Default Value ------ -------- ------------- -colors .colors 100 -delay .delay 1000 -holdtime .holdtime 2 -linewidth .lineWidth 4 -min_circles .minCircles 2 -max_circles .maxCircles 10 -min_speed .minSpeed 0.003 -max_speed .maxSpeed 0.005 -harmonics .harmonics 8 -timestep .timestep 1.0 -divisor_poisson .divisorPoisson 0.4 -size_factor_min .sizeFactorMin 1.05 -size_factor_max .sizeFactorMax 2.05 .timestepCoarseFactor 1.0
Before the drawing of the figure is begun, a preliminary calculation of the path is done in order to scale the radii of the epicycles so as to fit the figure on the screen or window. For the sake of speed, This calculation is done with a larger timestep than the actual drawing. The time-step used is the value of the -timestep option multiplied by the timestepCoarseFactor resource. The default value of 1 will almost always work fast enough and so this resource is not available as a command-line option.
The program runs mostly without user interaction. When running on the root window, no input is accepted. When running in its own window, the program will exit if mouse button 3 is pressed. If any other mouse button is pressed, the current figure will be abandoned and another will be started.
The geometry of epicycles was perfected by Hipparchus of Rhodes at some time around 125 B.C., 185 years after the birth of Aristarchus of Samos, the inventor of the heliocentric universe model. Hipparchus applied epicycles to the Sun and the Moon. Ptolemy of Alexandria went on to apply them to what was then the known universe, at around 150 A.D. Copernicus went on to apply them to the heliocentric model at the beginning of the sixteenth century. Johannes Kepler discovered that the planets actually move in elliptical orbits in about 1602. The inverse-square law of gravity was suggested by Boulliau in 1645. Isaac Newtons Principia Mathematica was published in 1687, and proved that Keplers laws derived from Newtonian gravitation.
The colour selection is re-done for every figure. This may generate too much network traffic for this program to work well over slow or long links.
Copyright © 1998, James Youngman. Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation. No representations are made about the suitability of this software for any purpose. It is provided "as is" without express or implied warranty.
James Youngman <firstname.lastname@example.org>, April 1998.
|X Version 11||EPICYCLE (6)||5.12 (15-Sep-2010)|