Manual Reference Pages - DELETE (7)
DELETE - delete rows of a table
[ WITH [ RECURSIVE ] with_query [, ...] ]
DELETE FROM [ ONLY ] table_name [ * ] [ [ AS ] alias ]
[ USING using_list ]
[ WHERE condition | WHERE CURRENT OF cursor_name ]
[ RETURNING * | output_expression [ [ AS ] output_name ] [, ...] ]
deletes rows that satisfy the
clause from the specified table. If the
clause is absent, the effect is to delete all rows in the table. The result is a valid, but empty table.
extension that provides a faster mechanism to remove all rows from a table.
There are two ways to delete rows in a table using information contained in other tables in the database: using sub-selects, or specifying additional tables in the
clause. Which technique is more appropriate depends on the specific circumstances.
to compute and return value(s) based on each row actually deleted. Any expression using the tables columns, and/or columns of other tables mentioned in
USING, can be computed. The syntax of the
list is identical to that of the output list of
You must have the
privilege on the table to delete from it, as well as the
privilege for any table in the
clause or whose values are read in the
clause allows you to specify one or more subqueries that can be referenced by name in the
Section 7.8, WITH Queries (Common Table Expressions), in the documentation
The name (optionally schema-qualified) of the table to delete rows from. If
is specified before the table name, matching rows are deleted from the named table only. If
is not specified, matching rows are also deleted from any tables inheriting from the named table. Optionally,
can be specified after the table name to explicitly indicate that descendant tables are included.
A substitute name for the target table. When an alias is provided, it completely hides the actual name of the table. For example, given
DELETE FROM foo AS f, the remainder of the
statement must refer to this table as
A list of table expressions, allowing columns from other tables to appear in the
condition. This is similar to the list of tables that can be specified in the
statement; for example, an alias for the table name can be specified. Do not repeat the target table in the
using_list, unless you wish to set up a self-join.
An expression that returns a value of type
boolean. Only rows for which this expression returns
will be deleted.
The name of the cursor to use in a
WHERE CURRENT OF
condition. The row to be deleted is the one most recently fetched from this cursor. The cursor must be a non-grouping query on the
DELETEs target table. Note that
WHERE CURRENT OF
cannot be specified together with a Boolean condition. See
for more information about using cursors with
WHERE CURRENT OF.
An expression to be computed and returned by the
command after each row is deleted. The expression can use any column names of the table named by
or table(s) listed in
to return all columns.
A name to use for a returned column.
On successful completion, a
command returns a command tag of the form
is the number of rows deleted. Note that the number may be less than the number of rows that matched the
when deletes were suppressed by a
is 0, no rows were deleted by the query (this is not considered an error).
command contains a
clause, the result will be similar to that of a
statement containing the columns and values defined in the
list, computed over the row(s) deleted by the command.
lets you reference columns of other tables in the
condition by specifying the other tables in the
clause. For example, to delete all films produced by a given producer, one can do:
DELETE FROM films USING producers
WHERE producer_id = producers.id AND producers.name = foo;
What is essentially happening here is a join between
producers, with all successfully joined
rows being marked for deletion. This syntax is not standard. A more standard way to do it is:
DELETE FROM films
WHERE producer_id IN (SELECT id FROM producers WHERE name = foo);
In some cases the join style is easier to write or faster to execute than the sub-select style.
Delete all films but musicals:
DELETE FROM films WHERE kind <> Musical;
Clear the table
DELETE FROM films;
Delete completed tasks, returning full details of the deleted rows:
DELETE FROM tasks WHERE status = DONE RETURNING *;
Delete the row of
on which the cursor
is currently positioned:
DELETE FROM tasks WHERE CURRENT OF c_tasks;
This command conforms to the
standard, except that the
extensions, as is the ability to use
|PostgreSQL 9.5.2 ||DELETE (7) ||2016 |
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