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Manual Reference Pages  -  BOS_CREATE (8)

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NAME

bos_create - Defines a new process in the BosConfig file and starts it

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

bos create -server <machine name>
-instance <server process name> -type <server type>
-cmd <command lines>+ [-notifier <notifier program>]
[-cell <cell name>] [-noauth] [-localauth] [-help]

bos c -s <machine name> -i <server process name>
-t <server type> -cm <command lines>+
[-not <notifier program>] [-ce <cell name>] [-noa]
[-l] [-h]

DESCRIPTION

The bos create command creates a server process entry in the /usr/local/etc/openafs/BosConfig file on the server machine named by the -server argument, sets the process’s status to Run in the BosConfig file and in memory, and starts the process.

A server process’s entry in the BosConfig file defines its name, its type, the command that initializes it, and optionally, the name of a notifier program that runs when the process terminates.

CAUTIONS

A server process entry of type fs as described below will not work with a demand-attach File Server, and a server process entry of type dafs for a demand-attach File Server will not work with a traditional File Server. When switching from one File Server implementation to another, remove the existing server process entry and create a new one. See EXAMPLES below for an example of switching from a traditional File Server to a demand-attach File Server.

OPTIONS

-server <machine name> Indicates the server machine on which to define and start the new process. Identify the machine by IP address or its host name (either fully-qualified or abbreviated unambiguously). For details, see bos(8).
-instance <server process name> Names the process to define and start. Any name is acceptable, but for the sake of simplicity it is best to use the last element of the process’s binary file pathname (or the instance type for fs and dafs), and to use the same name on every server machine. The conventional names, as used in all AFS documentation, are:
buserver The Backup Server process.
dafs The process that combines the Demand Attach File Server, Volume Server, Salvageserver and Salvager processes (dafileserver, davolserver, salvageserver, and dasalvager).
fs The process that combines the File Server, Volume Server, and Salvager processes (fileserver, volserver, and salvager).
kaserver The Authentication Server process.
ptserver The Protection Server process.
runntp The controller process for the Network Time Protocol Daemon (obsolete).
upclientbin The client portion of the Update Server process that retrieves binary files from the /usr/local/libexec/openafs directory of the binary distribution machine for this machine’s CPU/operating system type. (The name of the binary is upclient, but the bin suffix distinguishes this process from upclientetc.)
upclientetc The client portion of the Update Server process that retrieves configuration files from the /usr/local/etc/openafs/server directory of the system control machine. (The name of the binary is upclient, but the etc suffix distinguishes this process from upclientbin.)
upserver The server portion of the Update Server process.
vlserver The Volume Location (VL) Server process.
-type <server type> Specifies the process’s type. The acceptable values are:
cron Use this value for cron-type processes that the BOS Server starts only at a defined daily or weekly time, rather than whenever it detects that the process has terminated. AFS does not define any such processes by default, but makes this value available for administrator use. Define the time for command execution as part of the -cmd argument to the bos create command.
dafs Use this value only for the dafs process, which combines the File Server, Volume Server, Salvage Server, and Salvager processes in order to operate as a Demand Attach File Server. If one of the component processes terminates, the BOS Server shuts down and restarts the process in the appropriate order.
fs Use this value only for the fs process, which combines the File Server, Volume Server and Salvager processes. If one of the component processes terminates, the BOS Server shuts down and restarts the processes in the appropriate order.
simple Use this value for all processes listed as acceptable values to the -instance argument, except for the fs and dafs processes. There are no interdependencies between simple processes, so the BOS Server can stop and start them independently as necessary.
-cmd <command lines>+ Specifies each command the BOS Server runs to start the process. Specify no more than six commands (which can include the command’s options, in which case the entire string is surrounded by double quotes); any additional commands are ignored.

For a simple process, provide the complete pathname of the process’s binary file on the local disk (for example, /usr/local/libexec/openafs/ptserver for the Protection Server). If including any of the initialization command’s options, surround the entire command in double quotes (""). The upclient process has a required argument, and the commands for all other processes take optional arguments.

For the fs process, provide the complete pathname of the local disk binary file for each of the component processes: fileserver, volserver, and salvager, in that order. The standard binary directory is /usr/local/libexec/openafs. If including any of an initialization command’s options, surround the entire command in double quotes ("").

For the dafs process, provide the complete pathname of the local disk binary file for each of the component processes: dafileserver, davolserver, salvageserver, and dasalvager, in that order. The standard binary directory is /usr/local/libexec/openafs. If including any of an initialization command’s options, surround the entire command in double quotes ("").

For a cron process, provide two parameters:
o The complete local disk pathname of either an executable file or a command from one of the AFS suites (complete with all of the necessary arguments). Surround this parameter with double quotes ("") if it contains spaces.
o A specification of when the BOS Server executes the file or command indicated by the first parameter. There are three acceptable values:
o The string now, which directs the BOS Server to execute the file or command immediately and only once. It is usually simpler to issue the command directly or issue the bos exec command.
o A time of day. The BOS Server executes the file or command daily at the indicated time. Separate the hours and minutes with a colon (hh:MM), and use either 24-hour format, or a value in the range from 1:00 through 12:59 with the addition of am or pm. For example, both 14:30 and "2:30 pm" indicate 2:30 in the afternoon. Surround this parameter with double quotes ("") if it contains a space.
o A day of the week and time of day, separated by a space and surrounded with double quotes (""). The BOS Server executes the file or command weekly at the indicated day and time. For the day, provide either the whole name or the first three letters, all in lowercase letters (sunday or sun, thursday or thu, and so on). For the time, use the same format as when specifying the time alone.

-notifier <notifier program> Specifies the complete pathname on the local disk of a program that the BOS Server invokes when the process terminates. The AFS distribution does not include any notifier programs, but this argument is available for administrator use. See NOTES.
-cell <cell name> Names the cell in which to run the command. Do not combine this argument with the -localauth flag. For more details, see bos(8).
-noauth Assigns the unprivileged identity anonymous to the issuer. Do not combine this flag with the -localauth flag. For more details, see bos(8).
-localauth Constructs a server ticket using a key from the local /usr/local/etc/openafs/server/KeyFile file. The bos command interpreter presents the ticket to the BOS Server during mutual authentication. Do not combine this flag with the -cell or -noauth options. For more details, see bos(8).
-help Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options are ignored.

EXAMPLES

The following command defines and starts the simple process ptserver on the machine fs3.abc.com:



   % bos create -server fs3.abc.com -instance ptserver -type simple \
                -cmd /usr/local/libexec/openafs/ptserver



The following command defines and starts the simple process upclientbin on the machine fs4.abc.com. It references fs1.abc.com as the source for updates to binary files, checking for changes to the /usr/local/libexec/openafs directory every 120 seconds.



   % bos create -server fs4.abc.com -instance upclientbin -type simple \
                -cmd "/usr/local/libexec/openafs/upclient fs1.abc.com -clear -t 120 \
                /usr/local/libexec/openafs"



The following command creates the fs process fs on the machine fs4.abc.com (a traditional File Server with associated processes). Type the command on a single line.



   % bos create -server fs4.abc.com -instance fs -type fs \
                -cmd /usr/local/libexec/openafs/fileserver /usr/local/libexec/openafs/volserver \
                /usr/local/libexec/openafs/salvager



The following command creates the dafs process dafs on the machine fs4.abc.com (a demand-attach File Server with associated processes). Type the command on a single line.



   % bos create -server fs4.abc.com -instance dafs -type dafs \
                -cmd /usr/local/libexec/openafs/dafileserver \
                /usr/local/libexec/openafs/davolserver \
                /usr/local/libexec/openafs/salvageserver /usr/local/libexec/openafs/dasalvager



The following command creates a cron process called userbackup on the machine fs5.abc.com, so that the BOS Server issues the indicated vos backupsys command each day at 3:00 a.m. (the command creates a backup version of every volume in the file system whose name begins with user). Note that the issuer provides the complete pathname to the vos command, includes the -localauth flag on it, and types the entire bos create command on one line.



   % bos create -server fs5.abc.com -instance userbackup -type cron  \
       -cmd "/usr/local/libexec/openafs/vos backupsys -prefix user -localauth" 03:00



To switch from a traditional File Server to a demand-attach File Server, run:



   % bos status localhost -instance fs -long



to see the current fileserver and volserver flags for an existing traditional File Server configuration. (Substitute the dafs instance for an existing demand-attach File Server.) Then, run:



   % bos stop localhost fs -localauth
   % bos delete localhost fs -localauth
   % bos create localhost dafs dafs \
       "/usr/local/libexec/openafs/dafileserver <fileserver-flags>" \
       "/usr/local/libexec/openafs/davolserver <volserver-flags>" \
       /usr/local/libexec/openafs/salvageserver /usr/local/libexec/openafs/dasalvager



replacing <fileserver-flags> and <volserver-flags> with the flags from the previous configuration. This will stop the traditional File Server and start a demand-attach File Server. The binaries at the paths provided must already be updated to binaries built with demand-attach enabled.

PRIVILEGE REQUIRED

The issuer must be listed in the /usr/local/etc/openafs/server/UserList file on the machine named by the -server argument, or must be logged onto a server machine as the local superuser root if the -localauth flag is included.

The bos create command cannot be run against servers which are in restricted mode.

NOTES

If the -notifier argument is included when this command is used to define and start a process, the BOS Server invokes the indicated notifier program when the process exits. The intended use of a notifier program is to inform administrators when a process exits unexpectedly, but it can be used to perform any appropriate actions. The following paragraphs describe the bnode and bnode_proc structures in which the BOS Server records information about the exiting process.

The BOS Server constructs and sends on the standard output stream one bnode and one bnode_proc structure for each exiting process associated with the notifier program. It brackets each structure with appropriate BEGIN and END statements (BEGIN bnode and END bnode, BEGIN bnode_proc and END bnode_proc), which immediately follow the preceding newline character with no intervening spaces or other characters. If the notifier program does not need information from a structure, it can scan ahead in the input stream for the END statement.

In general, each field in a structure is a string of ASCII text terminated by the newline character. The format of the information within a structure possibly varies slightly depending on the type of process associated with the notifier program.

The C code for the bnode and bnode_proc structures follows. Note that the structures sent by the BOS Server do not necessarily include all of the fields described here, because some are used only for internal record keeping. The notifier process must robustly handle the absence of expected fields, as well as the presence of unexpected fields, on the standard input stream.

For proper performance, the notifier program must continue processing the input stream until it detects the end-of-file (EOF). The BOS Server closes the standard input file descriptor to the notifier process when it has completed delivery of the data, and it is the responsibility of the notifier process to terminate properly.

struct bnode contents:



   struct bnode {
      struct bnode *next;      /* next pointer in top-levels list */
      char *name;              /* instance name */
      long nextTimeout;        /* next time this guy should be awakened */
      long period;             /* period between calls */
      long rsTime;             /* time we started counting restarts */
      long rsCount;            /* count of restarts since rsTime */
      struct bnode_type *type; /* type object */
      struct bnode_ops *ops;   /* functions implementing bnode class */
      long procStartTime;      /* last time a process was started */
      long procStarts;         /* number of process starts */
      long lastAnyExit;        /* last time a process exited for any reason */
      long lastErrorExit;      /* last time a process exited unexpectedly */
      long errorCode;          /* last exit return code */
      long errorSignal;        /* last proc terminating signal */
      char *lastErrorName;     /* name of proc that failed last */
      short refCount;          /* reference count */
      short flags;             /* random flags */
      char goal;               /* 1=running or 0=not running */
      char fileGoal;           /* same, but to be stored in file */
};



Format of struct bnode explosion:



   printf("name: %s\n",tp->name);
   printf("rsTime: %ld\n", tp->rsTime);
   printf("rsCount: %ld\n", tp->rsCount);
   printf("procStartTime: %ld\n", tp->procStartTime);
   printf("procStarts: %ld\n", tp->procStarts);
   printf("lastAnyExit: %ld\n", tp->lastAnyExit);
   printf("lastErrorExit: %ld\n", tp->lastErrorExit);
   printf("errorCode: %ld\n", tp->errorCode);
   printf("errorSignal: %ld\n", tp->errorSignal);
   printf("lastErrorName: %s\n", tp->lastErrorName);
   printf("goal: %d\n", tp->goal);



struct bnode_proc contents:



   struct bnode_proc {
      struct bnode_proc *next; /* next guy in top-levels list */
      struct bnode *bnode;     /* bnode creating this process */
      char *comLine;           /* command line used to start this process */
      char *coreName;          /* optional core file component name */
      long pid;                /* pid if created */
      long lastExit;           /* last termination code */
      long lastSignal;         /* last signal that killed this guy */
      long flags;              /* flags giving process state */
};



Format of struct bnode_proc explosion:



   printf("comLine: %s\n", tp->comLine);
   printf("coreName: %s\n", tp->coreName);
   printf("pid: %ld\n", tp->pid);
   printf("lastExit: %ld\n", tp->lastExit);
   printf("lastSignal: %ld\n", tp->lastSignal);



SEE ALSO

BosConfig(5), KeyFile(5), UserList(5), bos(8), buserver(8), dafileserver(8), dasalvager(8), davolserver(8), fileserver(8), kaserver(8), ptserver(8), salvager(8), salvageserver(8), upclient(8), upserver(8), vlserver(8), volserver(8), vos_backupsys(1)

COPYRIGHT

IBM Corporation 2000. <http://www.ibm.com/> All Rights Reserved.

This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0. It was converted from HTML to POD by software written by Chas Williams and Russ Allbery, based on work by Alf Wachsmann and Elizabeth Cassell.

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OpenAFS BOS_CREATE (8) 2015-10-28

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