|-d||Enable additional debugging output (which comes primarily from fsck 8 -derived code).|
|-f||Left for historical reasons and has no meaning.|
|-r||Open the file system read/only, and disables all commands that would write to it.|
Besides the built-in editline(3) commands, fsdb supports these commands:
help Print out the list of accepted commands.
inode i-number Select inode i-number as the new current inode.
back Revert to the previously current inode.
clri i-number Clear i-number.
Find name in the current directory and make its inode the current inode. Name may be a multi-component name or may begin with slash to indicate that the root inode should be used to start the lookup. If some component along the pathname is not found, the last valid directory encountered is left as the active inode. This command is valid only if the starting inode is a directory.
active Print out the active inode.
blocks Print out the block list of the active inode. Note that the printout can become long for large files, since all indirect block pointers will also be printed.
findblk disk_block_number ... Find the inode(s) owning the specified disk block(s) number(s). Note that these are not absolute disk blocks numbers, but offsets from the start of the partition.
uplink Increment the active inodes link count.
downlink Decrement the active inodes link count.
linkcount number Set the active inodes link count to number.
ls List the current inodes directory entries. This command is valid only if the current inode is a directory.
Remove the entry name from the current directory inode. This command is valid only if the current inode is a directory.
ln ino name Create a link to inode ino under the name name in the current directory inode. This command is valid only if the current inode is a directory.
chinum dirslot inum Change the i-number in directory entry dirslot to inum.
chname dirslot name Change the name in directory entry dirslot to name. This command cannot expand a directory entry. You can only rename an entry if the name will fit into the existing directory slot.
chtype type Change the type of the current inode to type. Type may be one of: file, dir, socket, or fifo.
chmod mode Change the mode bits of the current inode to mode. You cannot change the file type with this subcommand; use chtype to do that.
chflags flags Change the file flags of the current inode to flags.
chown uid Change the owner of the current inode to uid.
chgrp gid Change the group of the current inode to gid.
chgen gen Change the generation number of the current inode to gen.
Change the creation (birth), modification, change, or access time (respectively) on the current inode to time. Time should be in the format YYYYMMDDHHMMSS[.nsec] where nsec is an optional nanosecond specification. If no nanoseconds are specified, the birthnsec, mtimensec, ctimensec, or atimensec field will be set to zero. Note that btime is available on UFS2 file systems only.
quit, q, exit, <EOF> Exit the program.
The fsdb utility uses the source code for fsck(8) to implement most of the file system manipulation code. The remainder of fsdb first appeared in
.Nx , written by
.An John T. Kohl .
.An Peter Wemm ported it to
Manipulation of short symlinks has no effect. In particular, one should not try changing a symlinks type.
You must specify modes as numbers rather than symbolic names.
There are a bunch of other things that you might want to do which fsdb does not implement.
Use this tool with extreme caution--you can damage an FFS file system beyond what fsck(8) can repair.