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Manual Reference Pages  -  GDNSD-PLUGIN-EXTFILE (8)

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gdnsd-plugin-extfile - gdnsd plugin for importing monitor data via file



Example service_types config:

  service_types => {
    ext1 => {
      plugin => "extfile",
      file => "/var/tmp/ext1data", # required
      direct => true, # default false
      def_down => false, # default false
      def_ttl => 600, # default max (limited by zonefile RRs)
    ext2 => {
      plugin => "extfile",
      file => "ext2data", # def dir: /var/db/gdnsd/extfile/

Example plugin config using these service_types:

  plugins => {
    multifo => {
      www1 => {
        service_types => ext2,
        lb01 =>,
        lb02 =>,
        lb03 =>,
      www2 => {
        service_types => [ ext1, http_status ],
        lb01 =>,
        lb02 =>,
        lb03 =>,
    weighted => {
      wwwcn => {
        service_types => ext1,
        lb01 = [, 99 ],
        lb02 = [, 15 ],
        lb03 = [ lb03, 1 ],
      wwwz => {
        service_types => ext1,
        lb01 => [, 10 ],
        lb02 => [, 15 ],
        lb03 => [, 20 ],

Example extfile data defining the resource + service_types specified above:

  /var/tmp/ext1data: => UP/300 => DOWN/242 => DOWN/102 => UP/60 => UP/30
    lb03 => UP/45

  /var/db/gdnsd/extfile/ext2data: => DOWN => UP => UP


gdnsd-plugin-extfile is a monitor plugin that imports monitor results from an external file (which is probably populated by some script/tool from some other monitoring software).


An extfile service_type can operate in one of two basic modes:
Monitor Mode (default) In monitor mode, the standard parameter interval is used as a repeating timer. At each interval, the file is loaded for state updates (but any direct TTL values in the file are ignored).

The updates from the file are fed into the standard core monitoring system by the same mechanisms as normal monitoring plugins (e.g. http_status). This means they will be subject to the standard anti-flap measures via the standard threshold parameters (up_thresh, down_thresh, ok_thresh) before affecting the final status seen by resolution plugins.

This mode is appropriate if the updates being processed are relatively-raw updates from individual monitor checks.

Direct Mode In direct mode, the standard parameter interval is used only as a hint to the filesystem-watching code to try to check for updates no less often than the supplied interval. However in many cases (especially e.g. Linux with inotify() support) updates to the file may be picked up much sooner, perhaps nearly instantly.

There will be a short (~1 second) settling delay after detecting any update in order to coalesce any rapid-fire updates into a single transaction.

The results contained in the file (state and/or TTL per-resource) are applied directly as final monitoring results and made immediately available to resolution plugins for decision-making.

This mode is appropriate if the updates are from processed monitoring results that have already been through e.g. anti-flap measures before reaching gdnsd.


The file is formatted using the same vscf language that’s used for the main config file and the geoip nets databases. The expected data format is a simple key-value hash at the top level, where the keys are the monitored IP address or CNAME values from the monitor plugins and the values are of the form form state[/ttl], where state is either UP or DOWN and the optional ttl is an integer ttl value. TTL values are only used for direct-mode service_types; the TTL is calculated in the normal fashion based on intervals and thresholds for monitor-mode.


The universal, plugin-neutral service_type parameters all apply in their usual sense: up_thresh, ok_thresh, down_thresh, and interval (keeping in mind the notes above about how each mode uses interval). timeout is ignored. extfile-specific parameters:
direct Boolean, default false. Sets the monitoring mode to direct if true, otherwise mode defaults to monitor.
file String filename, required. This sets the name of the file to load results from. If the pathname is not absolute, it will be considered relative to /var/db/gdnsd/extfile/.
def_ttl Integer TTL, default is max (which will be limited by zonefile RR TTL values). In direct mode this will be set as the monitored TTL if no optional TTL is supplied in the file data for a given resource. It is ignored in monitor mode.
def_down Boolean, default false. This sets the default disposition of configured resources which are missing from the file data (which will generate warnings). If true, these resources behave as if the file data marked them DOWN, otherwise they default to UP.


gdnsd.config(5), gdnsd(8)

The gdnsd manual.


Copyright (c) 2012 Brandon L Black <>

This file is part of gdnsd.

gdnsd is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

gdnsd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with gdnsd. If not, see <>.

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gdnsd 2.2.2 GDNSD-PLUGIN-EXTFILE (8) 2016-04-03

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