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Manual Reference Pages  -  GDNSD-PLUGIN-GEOIP (8)

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NAME

gdnsd-plugin-geoip - gdnsd meta-plugin for GSLB + failover via MaxMind’s GeoIP databases

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

Minimal example gdnsd config file using this plugin:



  plugins => { geoip => {
    maps => {
      my_prod_map => {
        geoip2_db => GeoIP2-City.mmdb,
        datacenters => [dc-03, dc-02, dc-01, dc-fail],
        map => {
            EU => {
                DE => [dc-03, dc-01, dc-fail],
                CH => [dc-01, dc-03, dc-fail]
            },
            NA => { MX => [dc-02, dc-fail] }
        }
      },
      my_auto_map => {
        geoip_db => GeoIPCityv6.dat,
        datacenters => [dc1, dc2],
        auto_dc_coords => {
           dc1 => [ 38.9, -77 ],
           dc2 => [ 50.1, 8.7 ],
        }
      }
    },
    resources => {
      prod_www => {
        map => my_prod_map
        service_types => up
        dcmap => {
          dc-01 => 192.0.2.1,
          dc-02 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.2, lb02 => 192.0.2.3 },
          dc-03 => [ 192.0.2.4, 192.0.2.5, 192.0.2.6 ],
          dc-fail => last.resort.cname.example.net.
        }
      }
      corp_www => {
        map => my_auto_map
        dcmap => {
          dc1 => 192.0.2.100,
          dc2 => 192.0.2.101
        }
      }
    }
  }}



Example zonefile RRs:



  www      600 DYNA geoip!prod_www
  www-dc01 600 DYNA geoip!prod_www/dc-01
  www.corp 600 DYNA geoip!corp_www



DESCRIPTION

gdnsd-plugin-geoip uses MaxMind’s GeoIP binary databases to map address and CNAME results based on geography and monitored service availability. It fully supports both IPv6 and the emerging edns-client-subnet standard. If a request contains the edns-client-subnet option with a source netmask greater than zero, the edns-client-subnet information will be used instead of the source IP of the request (the IP of the querying cache).

It supports both the legacy GeoIP1 format databases which typically end in .dat and the newer GeoIP2 format database which typically end in .mmdb. There are a few differences in the plugin’s behavior depending on the database type in use, which are noted throughout this document. It is notable that what was called the singular Region in GeoIP1 is now multiple Subdivisions in GeoIP2. Both occupy the hierarchical space between Country and City level information. In the GeoIP2 case there can be several layers of Subdivisions, which depend entirely on how a Country is broken down in ISO3166-2. Assume the terms Region and Subdivision are interchangeable for the most part throughout this document.

It can also be used with no GeoIP database at all, in which case the only network-mapping input comes from the nets config data or an external nets file, which explicitly map subnets to datacenter lists.

This plugin can operate in an automatic distance-based mode (using City-level coordinate information rather than an external file and a Region-level db). It can also operate coordinate-free and rely on the user to configure a hierarchical map of cascading default user-location-to-datacenter mappings, starting at the continent level.

The two modes can also be effectively mixed at geographic boundaries.

For each map you define (which maps geographic location codes to preference-ordered lists of your datacenter locations), this plugin merges all of the raw GeoIP subnets into the largest possible supernets which contain identical responses in your configuration. These in turn are used to set larger edns-client-subnet scope masks than you’d see simply returning raw GeoIP results.

PLUGIN_METAFO

The documentation for gdnsd-plugin-metafo(8) is required reading for understanding the geoip plugin documentation here. The geoip plugin is an exact superset of the metafo plugin, and re-uses almost all of the metafo plugin’s source code. Metafo does failover along a single, global, ordered list of datacenters. What plugin_geoip adds on top of the functionality of metafo is the ability to have the order of the datacenter failover list become dynamic per-request based on geographic hints derived from the client’s network address.

FILE LOCATIONS

The configuration of this plugin can reference several external configuration and/or data files. By default, all files referenced in this plugin’s configuration are loaded from the geoip subdirectory of the daemon’s configuration directory (default /usr/local/etc/gdnsd). You can load from other locations by specifying absolute file paths.

CONFIGURATION - TOP-LEVEL

The top level of the geoip plugin’s configuration (i.e. plugins => { geoip => { ... } }) supports only two special keys, both of which are required and expanded upon in detail in the next two sections: maps, and resources. The maps section defines one or more named mappings of location information from GeoIP binary databases to ordered subsets of datacenter names. The resources section defines one or more named resources, each of which references one of the named maps and resolves datacenter names to specific sets of addresses or CNAMEs.

Any other keys present at this level will be inherited down inside of each per-resource hash inside the resources stanza, acting as per-resource defaults for anything not defined explicitly there.

CONFIGURATION - MAPS

The maps stanza supports one special configuration key at the top level:

CWcity_region_names = region_codes.csv

String, filename, optional. GeoIP1 City databases use FIPS 10-4 codes for the names of Regions outside of the US and Canada, and two-letter national alpha codes within the US and Canada. For example the Geneve region of Switzerland is identified as 07 in the database. By default you would have to use these relatively confusing region codes in your hierarchical maps that make use of Region-level information (e.g. EU => { CH => { 07 => { Geneva => [ ... ] } } } }. If this option is specified, it points to a text file that maps these FIPS codes to canonical, memorable full names for clearer map configuration (e.g. EU => { CH => { Geneve => { Geneva => [ ... ] } } } }. Note that while older versions of this data did not map the US/Canadian two-letter alpha codes, newer versions do (e.g. TX -> Texas).

This setting does not affect the GeoIP Region -format databases, which have no region codes outside of the US and Canada, and always need the two-letter alpha codes in the map.

It also does not affect GeoIP2 databases, as they all use ISO3166-2 codes for subdivision (aka region) data directly, which are at least usually more intuitive than FIPS.

The file format is a simple subset of the CSV format with 3 fields: ISO 3166-1 country code, FIPS 10-4 region code (or two-letter alpha in US/Canada), and the region name in double-quotes. It is recommended you download this file directly from MaxMind’s reference copy in this format. As of this writing, it is available from them at the following URL: <http://www.maxmind.com/download/geoip/misc/region_codes.csv>.

CONFIGURATION - PER-MAP

All other maps-level configuration keys are the names of the maps you choose to define. A map, conceptually, is a mapping between geography and/or network topology to varying ordered datacenter sub-sets. The value of each named map must be a hash, and the following configuration keys apply within:

CWgeoip2_db = GeoIP2-City.mmdb

String, filename, optional. This is the filename of a MaxMind GeoIP2 format database. It should contain either the City or Country data model. There is no distinction made here for the IP version, and it is normal for these databases to contain both IPv4 and IPv6 data together. If one or the other is missing, clients using that address family will be defaulted. If this parameter is set, then the legacy geoip_db and geoip_db_v4_overlay are not allowed alongside it.

CWgeoip_db = GeoIPv6.dat

String, filename, optional. This is the filename of one of the supported MaxMind GeoIP1 database types. It will be reloaded at runtime (without any significant query interruptions) if a change to the database file is detected.

CWgeoip_db_v4_overlay = GeoIP.dat

String, pathname, optional. This specifies an optional IPv4-level GeoIP1 database to overwrite the IPv4 sub-space of the IPv6 data loaded from geoip_db. It must be a V4-format database, and geoip_db must be defined as a V6-format database. In all other respects, it is similar to geoip_db.

As of this writing, MaxMind doesn’t sell a commercial GeoIP1v6 database. What they offer are free IPv6 GeoLite1 database downloads, which include the IPv4 subset in the less-accurate GeoLite1 form. This option allows you to use these GeoLite1v6 databases for IPv6 coverage, and then overlay your paid commercial GeoIP1v4 data on top for more accurate IPv4 results.

CWdatacenters = [ one, two, three, ... ]

Array of strings, required. This is the total set of datacenter names used by this map. You must define at least one datacenter name (although 2 or more would be infinitely more useful). At this time, there is a maximum limit of 254 datacenter names per map, although this could be raised if anyone requires it. The order specified here is the fallback default result ordering in various default cases (e.g. if no explicit top-level map default list is given).

CWcity_no_region = true

Boolean, default false. If this key is set to true and the database is a City-level database, the Region/Subdivision-level information within it will be completely ignored for mapping purposes. Your hierarchical map structure will now be continent => country => city rather than continent => country => region/subdivision => city.

CWnets = { ... }

Key-value hash, optional (see below for alternate form). If specified, the contents should be key-value pairs of network/netmask mapped to a datacenter name (or an array of datacenter names). Any network-to-datacenter mappings specified here will override mappings determined via GeoIP. Note that it is illegal to specify networks in the IPv4-like subspaces of IPv6 other than v4compat, but it is legal to specify actual IPv4 networks (which are treated identically to v4compat). See the section on IPv4 Compatible Addresses later in this document for more details. The order of the networks is unimportant; they will always be sorted and inserted such that an entry which is a subnet of another entry is not obliterated by the parent supernet.



    nets => {
        10.0.0.0/8 => [ dc1, dc2 ],
        192.0.2.128/25 => dc3
        2001:DB8::/32 => [ dc4, dc5, dc6 ],
    }



In the case that one entry is a subnet of another with a different result dclist, the entries are merged correctly such that the supernet surrounds the subnet. In the case of an exact duplicate entry (or an effective one, after merging smaller subnets) with a different dclist, it is arbitrary which one wins and the condition is warned about. If you care about this case, you should sanitize your nets data beforehand with an external tool and/or parse for the warning message in log outputs.

CWnets = nets_file_name

String pathname, optional. A variant of the above, but the contents of the key-value hash are loaded from the named external file. This makes life easier for external tools and scripts generating large sets of nets entries (e.g. from BGP data). The file will be monitored for changes and reloaded at runtime much like the GeoIP databases.

CWmap = { ... }

Key-value hash, optional. This is the heart of a named map which uses GeoIP: the map itself, which maps places to ordered lists of datacenters. It requires that geoip_db or geoip2_db is also specified, and makes no sense without it.

This is a nested key-value hash. At each level, the keys are location codes (continent, country, region/subdivision, or city information depending on depth), and the values are either an ordered datacenter array (e.g. [ dc03, dc01, dc04 ]), or a sub-hash containing a deeper level of distinction. At each layer, a special key named default is available, which sets the default for everything within the current scope. The top-level default itself defaults to the ordered list from datacenters in the normal case. If the entire map stanza is missing or empty, you just get the default behavior of default. A datacenter array can also be empty, which implies that this location is mapped to receive no response data (the server will still respond to the query, and will not issue an NXDOMAIN. It will simply be a NODATA/NOERROR response like you’d get if there were no records of this type, but could be records of other types for the same name).

The map has slightly different interpretations for GeoIP2 vs GeoIP1 databases:
GeoIP1 The meaningful location keys at the top level are continent codes, of which there are primarily seven in MaxMind’s databases: AF for Africa, AS for Asia, NA for North America, SA for South America, EU for Europe, OC for Oceania, and AN for Antarctica. There is also an eighth continent-level code which is, literally, --. This is a sort of fallback no information available continent code, and it contains the special country codes A1, A2, O1, and --, which represent Anonymous Proxies, Satellite Providers, Other, and Unknown, respsectively.

The next layer (the sub-hash beneath any continent code) maps ISO-3166-1 2-letter country codes, which as with continents can map directly to datacenters, or to yet another recursive layer.

The next two layers deep are for Region and City level information, only available from the Region and City type databases. The Region database type only provides region information for the US and Canada, using the standard local 2-letter abbrevations (e.g. AB for Alberta, OK for Oklahama). The City databases use those same region abbrevations for the US and Canada, but use either FIPS 10-4 2-letter codes or full region names for the rest of the world’s regions (as detailed earlier in, and controlled by, the city_region_names option).

The actual City names at the final layer appear to be encoded using some form of ISO8859-1 and/or CP1252 character set in the databases themselves, and your map entries will have to match byte-for-byte in the case of non-ASCII characters. May come up with a better solution for this down the road.

GeoIP2 As with GeoIP1, the top level of the hierarchy is comprised of MaxMind’s seven continent codes: AF for Africa, AS for Asia, NA for North America, SA for South America, EU for Europe, OC for Oceania, and AN for Antarctica. There is no special -- continent for various types of unknowns; those database entries that lack some or all information at this level simply take the appropriate defaults for the level of detail they possess.

The next level, again as in GeoIP1, is the ISO 3166-1 2-letter country code.

From here GeoIP2 has a number of Subdivision levels, the count of which varies for different network database entries. In the US, for example, there is only one level of subdivision data for the US States. In the Czech Republic there are two levels of subdivision: first into 14 regions, and then further into 91 districts. Subdivisions are all specified using their ISO 3166-2 codes directly.

After all subdivision levels, the final level is the City level. The City names are all in the UTF-8 character set. Currently this plugin only uses the English city names from the database, even though other languages may be available depending on the database.

As a pragmatic answer to the issues that can arise with multiple subdivision layers, in the GeoIP2 case the map automatically searches deeper in the database data when no map match is found at a given level of the map hierarchy beneath the Country level. This means you can skip over any levels of Subdivision detail in your map that are irrelevant to you. This mostly supplants the practical need for the city_no_region and skip_level functionality that was used with GeoIP1 maps, but those features remain functional as well.

For example, this targets the New Zealand regional council subdivision of Otago without explicitly specifying the enclosing subdivision for the South Island:



  { OC => { NZ => { OTA => [...] } } }



As another example, this works correctly for targeting the city of Paris without caring about what layers of subdivisions lie between it and FR:



  { EU => { FR => { Paris => [...] } } }



There is also one other special key (aside from default) available at all levels of the map hierarchy, a boolean named skip_level, default false. If set within the hierarchical map at any layer, it causes the next layer of detail to be skipped for this portion of the map. For example, setting this at the very top layer would mean that the top layer would contain country-level codes directly, without an enclosing continent-level hierarchy. Setting it within a country would mean that city names are used directly within that country, without an intervening layer of region names. This option is not aware of the city_no_region option, so e.g. setting that option and specifying skip_level at the country-level would result in no further information being available within that country (as skip_level would skip the remaining layer of city data).

CONFIGURATION - MAPS - CITY AUTO MODE

City-auto-mode is a special mode of operation that automatically maps out the world to your datacenters based on coordinate math, so that you don’t have to manually construct a complex hierarchical map. It can still be mixed with map of course, allowing you to use auto-mode for only select geographic areas if you wish (or disabling it for select areas by specifying manual lists). The key parameter is auto_dc_coords, which enables city-auto-mode.
auto_dc_coords = { ... } Key-value hash, optional. If this option is specified, the whole map’s basic mode of operation changes to city-auto-mode. The contents of the hash are a key for each datacenter named in datacenters, with their values set to an array of [lat, lon] in decimal degree units. When city-auto-mode is enabled by this, the following configuration-validation changes occur from the default, static-mapping mode: the loaded GeoIP database(s) are required be City-level databases, and the special keyword auto becomes a legal datacenter list in the map stanza.

With city-auto-mode enabled, the top-level map default defaults to auto, but can be overridden with a manual list. For any location that maps to auto, the coordinates specified here in auto_dc_coords will be compared with the coordinates from the City-level database(s) to determine an automatic distance-sorted datacenter list.

If you omit one or more defined datacenters from the coordinate list in auto_dc_coords, those datacenters will not be used in automatic results, but will still be available for manual use via map and/or nets entries.

auto_dc_limit = N Unsigned integer, optional, default 3. When city-auto-mode is in effect, this is the upper length limit for auto-generated lists. 3 is a reasonable default even if you have a considerably longer set of datacenters, as this provides a primary as well as two fallbacks. Raising this to a large number in the presence of a long datacenter list will cause the set of unique result datacenter lists to increase rapidly, and thus reduce the optimization of the final result database for edns-client-subnet purposes. It’s really not worth raising this value in almost any case, unless you really need to handle more than 3 random datacenters going offline at the same time and still have clients fail elsewhere. The value zero is treated as unlimited (highly un-recommended).
Under city-auto-mode, when the top-level default is (explicitly or implicitly) auto, there is still a fallback static ordering which is the whole ordered datacenters list, which is the normal static default default when not in city-auto-mode. This fallback is used when no location information is available at all (e.g. IPv6 client vs IPv4 GeoIP DB, Anonymous Proxies, etc).

MAP TESTING

A binary program gdnsd_geoip_test is included. This can be used directly from the commandline, parses the relevant bits of your gdnsd config file for geoip map info, and then provides datacenter list results for IP address + map combinations supplied by the user. Useful for debugging your maps and testing the mapping of client IPs. It has a separate manpage gdnsd_geoip_test(1).

CONFIGURATION - RESOURCES

Resource-level configuration within the resources stanza is nearly identical to the resources configuration of the metafo plugin, with all of the same basic behaviors about synthesizing or directly referencing the configuration of other plugins per-datacenter. The only real difference is that metafo’s per-resource datacenters array is replaced with map => mapname, which references one of the maps defined in the maps stanza, described in detail earlier. The set of defined datacenters in the dcmap stanza must match the total set of datacenters defined by the referenced map.

META-PLUGIN INTERACTION

Both of the meta-plugins (metafo and geoip) can reference their own as well as each others’ resources by direct reference within a dcmap, so long as a resource does not directly refer to itself. This allows plugin-layering configurations such as geoip -> metafo -> weighted, or metafo -> geoip -> multifo, or even metafo -> metafo -> simplefo, etc.

Bear in mind that once you begin using inter-meta-plugin references, you could create a reference loop. gdnsd does not currently detect or prevent such loops, and they will cause complete runtime failure when queried, probably by running out of stack space during recursion.

Additionally, geoip can synthesize configuration for metafo resources, but the reverse does not hold; metafo cannot synthesize configuration for geoip resources.

IPv4 Compatible Addresses

This plugin knows of six different relatively-trivial ways to map IPv4 addresses into the IPv6 address space. These are shown below in as much detail matters to this plugin, with NNNN:NNNN in place of the copied IPv4 address bytes:



         ::0000:NNNN:NNNN/96   # RFC 4291 - v4compat (deprecated)
         ::ffff:NNNN:NNNN/96   # RFC 4291 - v4mapped
    ::ffff:0000:NNNN:NNNN/96   # RFC 2765 - SIIT (obsoleted)
       64:ff9b::NNNN:NNNN/96   # RFC 6052 - Well-Known Prefix
    2001:0000:X:NNNN:NNNN/32   # RFC 4380 - Teredo (IPv4 bits are flipped)
           2002:NNNN:NNNN::/16 # RFC 3056 - 6to4

    (in the Teredo case above, "X" represents some variable non-zero bytes
     that occupy the center 64 bits of the address).



All of this plugin’s internal lookup databases are IPv6 databases, and any IPv4-like information is always stored in the v4compat space within these databases. When doing runtime lookups all other v4-like addresses (raw IPv4 addresses, v4mapped, SIIT, WKP, Teredo, and 6to4) are converted to the canonical v4compat IPv6 representation before querying the internal databases. The other representations (v4mapped, SIIT, WKP, Teredo, 6to4) are Undefined internally, and will never be referenced at lookup-time due to the v4compat conversion mentioned earlier.

The nets stanza is not allowed to specify entries in the four undefined v4-like IPv6 spaces (those other than v4compat). Specify those networks as normal IPv4 networks or v4compat networks instead. Legitimate IPv6 nets entries which happen to be a supernet of any v4-like spaces will *not* unduly affect v4-like lookups. There is no functional difference between v4compat and native v4 forms in nets, e.g. 192.0.2.0/24 and ::C000:0200/120 are completely identical.

GeoIP databases that are natively IPv4-only get all of their data loaded into the v4compat space only. For IPv6 GeoIP databases, by default we load the v4compat space directly (which is where MaxMind stores IPv4 data in their IPv6 databases), but ignore the v4mapped/SIIT/Teredo/6to4 spaces (some of which are empty in MaxMind’s databases, and some of which simply alias the v4compat space). When using an IPv6 GeoIP database combined with an IPv4 GeoIP overlay (geoip_db_v4_overlay config), the v4compat space of the IPv6 database is also ignored on loading, and the direct IPv4 data from the IPv4 databasee takes its place.

ANOTHER CONFIG EXAMPLE

A relatively-maximal example config, showing the interaction of valid maps and resources sections:



  service_types => {
    xmpp_svc => { plugin => "tcp_connect", ... }
    www_svc => { plugin => "http_status", ... }
  }
  plugins => {
    geoip => {
      maps => {
        city_region_names => fips_include,
        my_prod_map => {
          geoip_db => GeoIPCityv6.dat,
          geoip_db_v4_overlay => GeoIPCity.dat,
          city_no_region => false, # default
          datacenters => [us-01, de-01, sg-01],
          map => {
              # Hierarchy is Continent -> Country -> Region -> City
              NA => {
                US => {
                  skip_level => 1, # skip past region level
                  Dallas => [sg-01],
                }
              }
              SA => [us-01, sg-01, de-01],
              EU => {
                default => [eu-01, us-01, sg-01],
                CH => {
                  Geneve => {
                    Geneva => [sg-01],
                  }
                }
              }
              AF => [eu-01, us-01, sg-01],
              AS => [sg-01, eu-01, us-01],
              OC => [sg-01, us-01, eu-01],
          }
          nets => {
              10.0.0.0/8 => [ eu-01 ],
              2001:DB8::/32 => [ us-01 ],
          }
        }
        my_auto_map => {
          geoip_db => GeoIPCityv6.dat,
          geoip_db_v4_overlay => GeoIPCity.dat,
          datacenters => [us-01, de-01, sg-01],
          auto_dc_coords => {
             us-01 => [ 38.9, -77 ],
             de-01 => [ 50.1, 8.7 ],
             sg-01 => [ 1.3, 103.9 ],
          }
        }
      }
      resources => {
        prod_app => {
          map => my_auto_map
          # these two are inherited multifo config keys
          #  for all of the dcmap below:
          service_types => [www_svc, xmpp_svc],
          up_thresh => 0.4,
          dcmap => {
            us-01 => {
              lb01 => 192.0.2.1,
              lb02 => 192.0.2.2,
              lb03 => 192.0.2.3,
              lb01.v6 => 2001:DB8::1,
              lb02.v6 => 2001:DB8::2,
              lb03.v6 => 2001:DB8::3,
            },
            sg-01 => {
              lb01 => 192.0.2.4,
              lb02 => 192.0.2.5,
              lb03 => 192.0.2.6,
              lb01.v6 => 2001:DB8::4,
              lb02.v6 => 2001:DB8::5,
              lb03.v6 => 2001:DB8::6,
            },
            de-01 => {
              lb01 => 192.0.2.7,
              lb02 => 192.0.2.8,
              lb03 => 192.0.2.9,
              lb01.v6 => 2001:DB8::7,
              lb02.v6 => 2001:DB8::8,
              lb03.v6 => 2001:DB8::9,
            },
          }
        },
        prod_cdn => {
          map => my_prod_map,
          dcmap => {
            us-01 => us-cdn-provider.example.com.
            sg-01 => asia-cdn-provider.example.com.
            de-01 => europe-cdn-provider.example.com.
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }



Example zonefile RRs:



  app     600 DYNA geoip!prod_app
  app.us  600 DYNA geoip!prod_app/us-01
  app.sg  600 DYNA geoip!prod_app/sg-01
  app.de  600 DYNA geoip!prod_app/de-01
  content 600 DYNC geoip!prod_cdn



EXAMPLE OF METAFO->GEOIP CITY-AUTO-MODE w/ LAST RESORT CNAME



  plugins => {
    geoip => {
      maps => {
        auto_map => {
          geoip_db => GeoIPCityv6.dat,
          datacenters => [dc1, dc2, dc3, dc4],
          auto_dc_coords => {
             dc1 => [ 38.9, -77 ],
             dc2 => [ 50.1, 8.7 ],
             dc3 => [ 20.2, 88.9 ],
             dc4 => [ 39.0, -20 ],
          },
          # only fail through the nearest 2 before giving up:
          auto_dc_limit => 2,
        }
      },
      resources => {
        www_real => {
          map => my_auto_map,
          service_types => [ http, xmpp ],
          dcmap => {
            dc1 => 192.0.2.100,
            dc2 => 192.0.2.101,
            dc3 => 192.0.2.102,
            dc4 => 192.0.2.103
          }
        }
      }
    },
    metafo => {
      resources => {
        www => {
          datacenters => [ real, backup ],
          dcmap => {
            real => %geoip!www_real,
            backup => backup-host.example.net.
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  And in the zonefile:

  ; This tries through the closest 2/4 datacenters to
  ;   the client from the geoip map, and if both of
  ;   those are down it returns a CNAME to backup-host.example.net.
  ;   for a downtime message or something:
  www DYNC metafo!www



SEE ALSO

gdnsd-plugin-metafo(8), gdnsd_geoip_test(1), gdnsd.config(5), gdnsd.zonefile(5), gdnsd(8)

The gdnsd manual.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2012 Brandon L Black <blblack@gmail.com>

This file is part of gdnsd.

gdnsd is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

gdnsd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with gdnsd. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

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gdnsd 2.2.2 GDNSD-PLUGIN-GEOIP (8) 2016-04-03

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