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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  GDNSD-PLUGIN-METAFO (8)

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NAME

gdnsd-plugin-metafo - gdnsd plugin for address meta-failover

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

Minimal example gdnsd config file using this plugin:



  plugins => {
    metafo => {
      resources => {
        prod_www => {
          datacenters => [ dc-01, dc-02, dc-03 ]
          dcmap => {
            dc-01 => 192.0.2.1
            dc-02 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.2, lb02 => 192.0.2.3 }
            dc-03 => [ 192.0.2.4, 192.0.2.5, 192.0.2.6 ]
          }
        },
        prod_foo => {
          datacenters => [ dc-01, dc-02, dc-bk ]
          dcmap => {
            dc-01 => { lb01 => 192.0.1.1, lb02 => 192.0.1.2 }
            dc-02 => [ 192.0.5.1, 192.0.5.2, 192.0.5.3 ]
            dc-bk => fallback.static.cname.example.com.
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }



Example zonefile RRs:



  www      600 DYNA metafo!prod_www
  www-dc01 600 DYNA metafo!prod_www/dc-01
  foo      700 DYNC metafo!prod_foo



DESCRIPTION

gdnsd-plugin-metafo is a meta-plugin. It does static-ordered address failover between multiple datacenters (which may or may not correspond with real datacenters, it’s just a convenient label). Each datacenter is defined in terms of other plugins such as multifo, weighted, etc, as described below.

CONFIGURATION - TOP-LEVEL

The top level of the metafo plugin’s configuration (i.e. plugins => { metafo => { ... } }) supports only one fixed, required key, resources, whose value must be a hash. The contents of resources is a key per named resource, with the value defining that resource.

Any other keys present at the top level will be inherited down inside of each per-resource hash inside the resources stanza, acting as per-resource defaults for anything not defined explicitly there, as explained below.

CONFIGURATION - RESOURCES

All keys within the resources stanza represent named resources, which can be referenced by DYNA RRs in zonefiles (e.g. www DYNA metafo!resource_name). Each resource’s value must be a key-value hash configuring the resource itself. Lightweight structural example:



  plugins => {
    metafo => {
      resources => { resA => { ... }, resB => { ... } }
    }
  }



Within a resource, there are only two specifically meaningful keys:
datacenters = [ A, B, C, ... ] Array of datacenter names, required. This is the set of datacenter name labels used for this resource, in the order they will be checked for failover.
dcmap = { ... } Hash, required. The dcmap is a key-value hash where the keys must be exactly the list of datacenters defined in this resource’s datacenters list, and the values defined the address configuration of each datacenter. Another minimal structural example down to this level:



  plugins => {
    metafo => {
      resources => {
        resA => {
          datacenters => [ dc01, dc02 ],
          dcmap => {
            dc01 => ???
            dc02 => ???
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }



There are several forms the per-datacenter values (??? above) can take, documented in the next section.

Any keys other than datacenters and dcmap at the per-resource level serve as inherited defaults for each per-datacenter configuration inside of the dcmap.

PER-DATACENTER RESOLUTION

The value of the datacenters within the dcmap section of a resource can take several forms. It is important to understand that for the most part, plugin_metafo does not deal with this level of results itself, but instead delegates the work at this scope to other plugins. These sub-plugins, in turn, also notify metafo of complete failure at their level, which is the information metafo uses to know to fail over to the next datacenter in the list.

The most direct and obvious way to do this is with a direct reference of the form %plugin!resource, as shown here:



  plugins => {
    metafo => {
      resources => {
        resA => {
          datacenters => [ dc1, dc2 ],
          dcmap => {
            dc1 => %multifo!res_mfo1
            dc2 => %multifo!res_mfo2
          }
        }
      }
    }
    multifo => {
      res_mfo1 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.1, lb02 => 192.0.2.3 }
      res_mfo2 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.111, lb02 => 192.0.2.113 }
    }
  }



However, to make life simpler in the simple cases, plugin_metafo can synthesize the lower-level plugin’s configuration from a hash, like so:



  plugins => {
    metafo => {
      resources => {
        resA => {
          datacenters => [ dc1, dc2 ],
          dcmap => {
            dc1 => { plugin => multifo, lb01 => 192.0.2.1, lb02 => 192.0.2.3 }
            dc2 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.111, lb02 => 192.0.2.113 }
            # the above are effectively treated as:
            # dc1 => %multifo!metafo_resA_dc1
            # dc2 => %multifo!metafo_resA_dc2
          }
        }
      }
    }
    # below does not exist in your configfile, but is what plugin_metafo
    #   synthesizes to support the above:
    #multifo => {
    #  metafo_resA_dc1 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.1, lb02 => 192.0.2.3 }
    #  metafo_resA_dc2 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.111, lb02 => 192.0.2.113 }
    #}
  }



Within a hash like the above, the special key plugin will be stripped out internally and used to name the plugin we synthesize the config for. plugin defaults to multifo if not specified. Note that plugin could also be specified at the resource level (just inside of the resA stanza) to change the default for all dcmap entries in one resource, and could also be specified at the outer-most scope (just inside the metafo stanza) to change the default for all resources.

The defaulted-down plugin is also the default for the direct-reference %plugin!resource form discussed earlier. With the correct default plugin name, it can be shortened to just !resource.

The same sort of key-value inheritance scheme (top-level -> per-resource level -> per-datacenter level) can also be used for any other parameter in synthesized resource configurations specific to the per-datacenter plugin(s) you are using. A common example would be the service_types parameter that most plugins which support monitored address results have. Note that these other values (e.g. service_types) would only apply to synthesized resources, not to direct-references like %multifo!foo, which must be configured entirely separately within that plugin’s config.

There are three other possible shortcut values for datacenters: a single direct address, an array of addresses, or a single CNAME hostname. If a single IP address or an array of IP addresses are specified, plugin_metafo will synthesize a hash from them with the plugin forced to multifo (since it cannot know the syntax of hashes for all other plugins, which may differ), and give them address labels 1, 2, etc.

If the value for a datacenter is a single CNAME hostname, no sub-plugin is used, and that CNAME result is returned directly. Note that any resource with such an entry can only be used with DYNC RRs, and not DYNA RRs (as is the case if any subplugin’s configuration is capable of returning CNAME data).

A much more complete example, showing off most of the features above:



  plugins => {
    metafo => {
      plugin => multifo # change default for all resources
      service_types => [ bar ] # default service_types for synthesized below
      resources => {
        resA => {
          plugin => multifo # change default for this resource
          service_types => [foo, bar] # services types for synthesized below:
          datacenters => [ dc1, dc2, dc3, dc4, dc5, dc6, dc7, dc8 ],
          dcmap => {
            dc1 => { plugin => multifo, lb01 => 192.0.2.1, lb02 => 192.0.2.3 }
            dc2 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.111, lb02 => 192.0.2.113 }
            dc3 => %simplefo!foo
            dc4 => { plugin => simplefo, primary => 192.0.2.100, secondary => 192.0.2.101 }
            dc5 => !bar
            dc6 => 192.0.2.150
            dc7 => [ 192.0.2.180, 192.0.2.181 ]
            dc8 => last.resort.example.com.
          }
        }
      }
    }
    # below, commented-out sections show configuration synthesized
    #   by plugin_metafo, whereas the rest are direct-references that
    #   had to be manually specified here:
    multifo => {
      # metafo_resA_dc1 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.1, lb02 => 192.0.2.3, service_types => [foo, bar] }
      # metafo_resA_dc2 => { lb01 => 192.0.2.111, lb02 => 192.0.2.113, service_types => [foo, bar] }
      bar => { asd => 192.0.2.77, xyz => 192.0.2.88 }
      # metafo_resA_dc6 => { 1 => 192.0.2.150, service_types => [foo, bar] }
      # metafo_resA_dc7 => { 1 => 192.0.2.180, 2 => 192.0.2.181, service_types => [foo, bar] }
    }
    simplefo => {
      foo => { primary => 192.0.2.80, secondary => 192.0.2.81 }
      # metafo_resA_dc4 => { primary => 192.0.2.100, secondary => 192.0.2.101, service_types => [foo, bar] }
    }
  }



Note in the example above that %multifo!bar and %simplefo!foo would have had their default service_types = up rather than the one specified at the metafo level, because they were not synthesized. It would be up to you to keep all of the service_types in sync when using direct references.

SYNTHETIC PER-DATACENTER RESOURCES

This plugin will synthesize additional, per-datacenter resource names from your configuration. They are named as resname/dcname. For example, if you define a metafo resource named prodwww with the datacenter list [ pri, sec ], the resource names prodwww/pri and prodwww/sec will be sythesized and can be used in zonefile records, e.g.:



  www-backup 300 DYNA metafo!prodwww/sec



When used, these per-datacenter synthetic resource names cause a given lookup to skip the normal failover process and directly return results from that particular datacenter.

SEE ALSO

gdnsd.config(5), gdnsd.zonefile(5), gdnsd(8)

The gdnsd manual.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2012 Brandon L Black <blblack@gmail.com>

This file is part of gdnsd.

gdnsd is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

gdnsd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with gdnsd. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

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gdnsd 2.2.2 GDNSD-PLUGIN-METAFO (8) 2016-04-03

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