|-d||Dont detach from the console and run as a daemon. In addition the level argument specifies what level of error messages to display. 0 being the least, 4 the most.|
|-f||configfile specifies an alternate location for the proxsmtpd configuration file. See proxsmtpd.conf(5) for more details on where the configuration file is located by default.|
|-p||pidfile specifies a location for the a process id file to be written to. This file contains the process id of proxsmtpd and can be used to stop the daemon.|
|-v||Prints the proxsmtp version number and exits.|
The filter script is specified using the FilterCommand option. By default the email is piped through the script on standard input. Standard output is read for the filtered email. Standard error is also read for error messages.
If the FilterType option is set to file, your filter will operate on a file rather than processing standard in and standard out. The file name will be passed to your filter command using the EMAIL environment variable. Your script can change the file as needed. Standard error is still processed as outlined below.
If the filter command returns a successful exit code (ie: 0), then the filtered email is sent to the destination mail server as usual. When a error exit code (ie: anything but 0) a failure message is sent back to the sending server. In this case the email is not sent.
You can customize the error message sent back. The last line of output printed to standard error will be used in this case. If you specify a full SMTP error code then it will be used (ie: 550 Bad Email). If its just a text message then a 550 SMTP error code will be used.
You can silently drop messages by using an error message with a 250 SMTP code. This gives the illusion to the sending server that the email was accepted.
Various environment variables will be present when your script is run. You may need to escape them properly before use in your favorite scripting language. Failure to do this could lead to a REMOTE COMPROMISE of your machine.
CLIENT The network address of the SMTP client connected. When the FilterType option is set to file, this specifies the file that the email was saved to. RECIPIENTS The email addresses of the email recipients. These are specified one per line, in standard address format. REMOTE If proxsmtpd is being used to filter email between SMTP servers, then this is the IP address of the original client. In order for this information to be present (a) the SMTP client (sending server) must an send an XFORWARD command and (b) the SMTP server (receiving server) must accept that XFORWARD command without error. REMOTE_HELO If proxsmtpd is being used to filter email between SMTP servers, then this is the HELO/EHLO banner of the original client. In order for this information to be present (a) the SMTP client (sending server) must an send an XFORWARD command and (b) the SMTP server (receiving server) must accept that XFORWARD command without error. SENDER The email address for the sender of the email. SERVER The network address of the SMTP server were connected to. TMPDIR The path to the temp directory in use. This is the same as the TempDirectory option.
proxsmtpd logs to syslogd by default under the mail facility. You can also output logs to the console using the -d option.
In some cases its advantageous to consolidate the filtering for several mail servers on one machine. proxsmtpd allows this by providing a loopback feature to connect back to the IP that an SMTP connection comes in from.
To use this feature specify only a port number (no IP address) for the OutAddress setting in the configuration file. This will cause proxsmtpd to pass the email back to the said port on the incoming IP address.
Make sure the MaxConnections setting is set high enough to handle the mail from all the servers without refusing connections.
A transparent proxy is a configuration on a gateway that routes certain types of traffic through a proxy server without any changes on the client computers. proxsmtpd has support for transparent proxying of SMTP traffic by enabling the TransparentProxy setting. This type of setup usually involves firewall rules which redirect traffic to proxsmtpd and the setup varies from OS to OS. The SMTP traffic will be forwarded to its original destination after being scanned.
Note that some features (such as SSL/TLS) will not be available when going through the transparent proxy.
Make sure that the MaxConnections setting is set high enough for your transparent proxying. Because proxsmtpd is not being used as a filter inside a queue, which usually throttles the amount of email going through, this setting may need to be higher than usual.
Theres no reason to run this daemon as root. It is meant as a filter and should listen on a high TCP port.
Care should be taken with the directory that proxsmtpd writes its temporary files to. In order to be secure, it should not be a world writeable location. Specify the directory using the TempDirectory setting.
Make sure you understand the issues involved with escaping external data. The environment variables such as SENDER or RECIPIENTS need to be treated with care.
If running proxsmtpd on a publicly accessible IP address or without a firewall please be sure to understand all the possible security issues. This is especially true if the loopback feature is used (see above).
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