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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  EVENTHANDLER (9)

NAME

EVENTHANDLER - kernel event handling functions

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
     Kernel Event Handlers
Return Values
History
Authors

SYNOPSIS


.In sys/eventhandler.h EVENTHANDLER_DECLARE name type EVENTHANDLER_INVOKE name ... eventhandler_tag EVENTHANDLER_REGISTER name func arg priority EVENTHANDLER_DEREGISTER name tag eventhandler_tag
.Fo eventhandler_register struct eventhandler_list *list const char *name void *func void *arg int priority
.Fc void
.Fo eventhandler_deregister struct eventhandler_list *list eventhandler_tag tag
.Fc struct eventhandler_list * eventhandler_find_list const char *name void eventhandler_prune_list struct eventhandler_list *list

DESCRIPTION

The EVENTHANDLER mechanism provides a way for kernel subsystems to register interest in kernel events and have their callback functions invoked when these events occur.

The normal way to use this subsystem is via the macro interface. The macros that can be used for working with event handlers and callback function lists are:
EVENTHANDLER_DECLARE
  This macro declares an event handler named by argument name with callback functions of type type.
EVENTHANDLER_REGISTER
  This macro registers a callback function func with event handler name. When invoked, function func will be invoked with argument arg as its first parameter along with any additional parameters passed in via macro EVENTHANDLER_INVOKE (see below). Callback functions are invoked in order of priority. The relative priority of each callback among other callbacks associated with an event is given by argument priority, which is an integer ranging from EVENTHANDLER_PRI_FIRST (highest priority), to EVENTHANDLER_PRI_LAST (lowest priority). The symbol EVENTHANDLER_PRI_ANY may be used if the handler does not have a specific priority associated with it. If registration is successful, EVENTHANDLER_REGISTER returns a cookie of type
.Vt eventhandler_tag .
EVENTHANDLER_DEREGISTER
  This macro removes a previously registered callback associated with tag tag from the event handler named by argument name.
EVENTHANDLER_INVOKE
  This macro is used to invoke all the callbacks associated with event handler name. This macro is a variadic one. Additional arguments to the macro after the name parameter are passed as the second and subsequent arguments to each registered callback function.

The macros are implemented using the following functions:
eventhandler_register
  The eventhandler_register function is used to register a callback with a given event. The arguments expected by this function are:
list A pointer to an existing event handler list, or NULL. If list is NULL, the event handler list corresponding to argument name is used.
name The name of the event handler list.
func A pointer to a callback function. Argument arg is passed to the callback function func as its first argument when it is invoked.
priority
  The relative priority of this callback among all the callbacks registered for this event. Valid values are those in the range EVENTHANDLER_PRI_FIRST to EVENTHANDLER_PRI_LAST.

The eventhandler_register function returns a tag that can later be used with eventhandler_deregister to remove the particular callback function.
eventhandler_deregister
  The eventhandler_deregister function removes the callback associated with tag tag from the event handler list pointed to by list. This function is safe to call from inside an event handler callback.
eventhandler_find_list
  The eventhandler_find_list function returns a pointer to event handler list structure corresponding to event name.
eventhandler_prune_list
  The eventhandler_prune_list function removes all deregistered callbacks from the event list list.

    Kernel Event Handlers

The following event handlers are present in the kernel:
Vt acpi_sleep_event
  Callbacks invoked when the system is being sent to sleep.
Vt acpi_wakeup_event
  Callbacks invoked when the system is being woken up.
Vt dev_clone
  Callbacks invoked when a new entry is created under /dev.
Vt ifaddr_event
  Callbacks invoked when an address is set up on a network interface.
Vt if_clone_event
  Callbacks invoked when an interface is cloned.
Vt ifnet_arrival_event
  Callbacks invoked when a new network interface appears.
Vt ifnet_departure_event
  Callbacks invoked when a network interface is taken down.
Vt bpf_track
  Callbacks invoked when a BPF listener attaches to/detaches from network interface.
Vt kld_load
  Callbacks invoked after a linker file has been loaded.
Vt kld_unload
  Callbacks invoked after a linker file has been successfully unloaded.
Vt kld_unload_try
  Callbacks invoked before a linker file is about to be unloaded. These callbacks may be used to return an error and prevent the unload from proceeding.
Vt power_profile_change
  Callbacks invoked when the power profile of the system changes.
Vt process_exec
  Callbacks invoked when a process performs an exec operation.
Vt process_exit
  Callbacks invoked when a process exits.
Vt process_fork
  Callbacks invoked when a process forks a child.
Vt shutdown_pre_sync
  Callbacks invoked at shutdown time, before file systems are synchronized.
Vt shutdown_post_sync
  Callbacks invoked at shutdown time, after all file systems are synchronized.
Vt shutdown_final
  Callbacks invoked just before halting the system.
Vt vm_lowmem
  Callbacks invoked when virtual memory is low.
Vt watchdog_list
  Callbacks invoked when the system watchdog timer is reinitialized.

RETURN VALUES

The macro EVENTHANDLER_REGISTER and function eventhandler_register return a cookie of type
.Vt eventhandler_tag , which may be used in a subsequent call to EVENTHANDLER_DEREGISTER or eventhandler_deregister.

The eventhandler_find_list function returns a pointer to an event handler list corresponding to parameter name, or NULL if no such list was found.

HISTORY

The EVENTHANDLER facility first appeared in
.Fx 4.0 .

AUTHORS

This manual page was written by
.An Joseph Koshy Aq jkoshy@FreeBSD.org .
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