Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  VERB (l)


verb - print verbose messages




# include <begemot.h>

void verb(u_int opt, u_int level, const char *fmt, ...);

void verbc(u_int opt, u_int level, const char *fmt, ...);

void verbn(u_int opt, u_int level, const char *fmt, ...);

void vverb(u_int opt, u_int level, const char *fmt, va_list ap);

void vverbc(u_int opt, u_int level, const char *fmt, va_list ap);

void vverbn(u_int opt, u_int level, const char *fmt, va_list ap);

u_int verb_level(u_int opt);

void verb_option(char * optarg);

void verb_update(FILE * fp);

void verb_opts(verb_option_t * opts);


The verb family of functions may be used to print debug and other information from programs in a uniform way. They can be used in simple programs, as well as in large programs.

The functions employ the concept of so-called verbose facilities and levels. A facility (or option) usually represents one sub-system or sub-function of a given program, whereas the verbose level controls the amount of information to be printed for each facility. In simple programs one facility (the default one) may be sufficient, whereas in complex programs it is often desirable to enable/disable debugging printout in different parts of the program independent of each other.

Facilities are defined by providing a definition of an array of verb_option_t’s. This array consists of structures, the first field of which is an ASCII string for the facility name. So the definition

verb_option_t verbopts[] = {         { "lexer" },         { "parser" },         { "gen" },         { NULL } };

could be used to define the facilities for a compiler. The array must be terminated with a NULL entry. If your program consists of more than one source file, you may also want to provide symbolic definitions of the facilities in a header file (for only one source file, you don’t need an extra header):

enum {         V_LEXER,         V_PARSER,         V_GEN };

The option array is made known to the library by calling verb_opts. If verb_opts is not called, the default definition from the library, containing the facility "verbose" is used, which is sufficient for simple programs. A symbolic definition of V_DFTL is provided in this case for the facility.

The verbose level is usually set through command line arguments. You should aquire the habit of using the same option for verbosity in all your programs. A convention could be to use the ’v’ or ’d’. The argument of this option should be passed to verb_option. The argument may take one of two forms: a facility name or facility=value, where value is an integer. In the first case, the level of the verbose facility is incremented by one, in the second case it is set to the given value.

The facility "all" is always defined (and you can’t override this definition) to mean: change all facilities. So the string all=2 will set all verbose levels to 2.

For simple programs with only one verbose facility, you can use your option without an argument and call verb_option( all ) instead.

Verbose levels can also be changed from a file by calling verb_update with an open file pointer. This is useful for long-running complex programs, where you may want to change the verbose level dynamically. In this case you could catch a signal, open a file with a fixed name in the signal handler and pass the file to verb_update.

To actually print something the functions verb, verbn or verbc or their va_list equivalents are used. These functions differ in the appearance of the output: verb prints the standard prefix (see panic(l)), the message and appends a newline. verbn does not append the newline and verbc only prints the message without prefix and newline. The output is sent to the standard error file descriptor.

To obtain the current verbose level for a given facility you may call verb_level.


  Overrides the prefix format mode.




Harti Brandt
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section l |  Main Index

BEGEMOT VERBOSE (l) 17 Mar 1998

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.