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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  TABSET (n)

NAME

tabset - Create and manipulate tabset widgets

   








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CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Introduction
Syntax
Example
Keywords

SYNOPSIS

tabset pathName ?options?

DESCRIPTION

The tabset widget displays a series of overlapping folders. Only the contents of one folder at a time is displayed. By clicking on the tab’s of a folder, you can view other folders. Each folder may contain any Tk widget that can be automatically positioned and resized in the folder.

There’s no limit to the number of folders. Tabs can be tiered or scrolled. Pages (i.e. embedded widgets) can be torn off and displayed in another toplevel widget, and also restored. A tabset can also be used as just a set of tabs, without a displaying any pages. You can bind events to individual tabs, so it’s easy to add features like "balloon help".

INTRODUCTION

Notebooks are a popular graphical paradigm. They allow you to organize several windows that are too big to display at the same time as pages of a notebook. For example, your application may display several X-Y graphs at the same time. The graphs are too big to pack into the same frame. Managing them in several toplevel widgets is also cumbersome and clutters the screen. Instead, the tabset widget organizes the graphs as folders in a notebook.

Only one page is visible at a time. When you click on a tab, the folder corresponding to the tab is displayed in the tabset widget. The tabset also lets you temporarily tear pages out of the notebook into a separate toplevel widget, and put them back in the tabset later. For example, you could compare two graphs side-by-side by tearing them out, and then replace them when you are finished.

A tabset can contain any number of folders. If there are too many tabs to view, you can arrange them as multiple tiers or scroll the tabs. You can also attach Tk scrollbars to the tabset to scroll the tabs.

SYNTAX

The tabset command creates a new window using the pathName argument and makes it into a tabset widget.

tabset pathName ?option value?...

Additional options may be specified on the command line or in the option database to configure aspects of the tabset such as its colors, font, text, and relief. The tabset command returns its pathName argument. At the time this command is invoked, there must not exist a window named pathName, but pathName’s parent must exist.

When first created, a new tabset contains no tabs. Tabs are added or deleted using widget operations described below. It is not necessary for all the tabs to be displayed in the tabset window at once; commands described below may be used to change the view in the window. Tabsets allow scrolling of tabs using the -scrollcommand option. They also support scanning (see the scan operation). Tabs may be arranged along any side of the tabset window using the -side option.

The size of the tabset window is determined the number of tiers of tabs and the sizes of the Tk widgets embedded inside each folder. The widest widget determines the width of the folder. The tallest determines the height. If no folders contain an embedded widget, the size is detemined solely by the size of the tabs.

You can override either dimension with the tabset’s -width and -height options.

INDICES

Indices refer to individual tabs/folders in the tabset. Many of the operations for tabset widgets take one or more indices as arguments. An index may take several forms:
number Unique index offset of the tab.
@x,y Tab that covers the point in the tabset window specified by x and y (in screen coordinates). If no tab covers that point, then the index is ignored.
select The currently selected tab. The select index is typically changed by either clicking on the tab with the left mouse button or using the widget’s invoke operation.
active The tab where the mouse pointer is currently located. The label is drawn using its active colors (see the -activebackground and -activeforeground options). The active index is typically changed by moving the mouse pointer over a tab or using the widget’s activate operation. There can be only one active tab at a time. If there is no tab located under the mouse pointer, the index is ignored.
begin First tab in the tabset. If there are no tabs in the tabset then the index is ignored.
current Tab that is currently being operated upon. Used within bindings.
focus Tab that currently has the widget’s focus. This tab is displayed with a dashed line around its label. You can change this using the focus operation. If no tab has focus, then the index is ignored.
down Tab immediately below the tab that currently has focus, if there is one. If there is no tab below, the current tab is returned.
left Tab immediately to the left the tab that currently has focus, if there is one. If there is no tab to the left, the current tab is returned.
next The next tab. Wraps to the first tab if at end.
prev The previous tab. Wraps to the last tab if at start.
right Tab immediately to the right the tab that currently has focus, if there is one. If there is no tab to the right, the current tab is returned.
up Tab immediately above, if there is one, to the tab that currently has focus. If there is no tab above, the current tab is returned.
end Last tab in the tabset. If there are no tabs in the tabset then the index is ignored.
Some indices may not always be available. For example, if the mouse is not over any tab, "active" does not have an index. For most tabset operations this is harmless and ignored.

OPERATIONS

All tabset operations are invoked by specifying the widget’s pathname, the operation, and any arguments that pertain to that operation. The general form is:


        pathName operation ?arg arg ...?

Operation and the args determine the exact behavior of the command. The following operations are available for tabset widgets:
pathName activate index
  Sets the active tab to the one indicated by index. The active tab is drawn with its active colors (see the -activebackground and -activeforeground options) and may be retrieved with the index active. Only one tab may be active at a time. If index is the empty string, then all tabs will be drawn with their normal foreground and background colors.
pathName bind tagName ?sequence? ?command?
  Associates command with tagName such that whenever the event sequence given by sequence occurs for a tab with this tag, command will be invoked. The syntax is similar to the bind command except that it operates on tabs, rather than widgets. The tagName is one of all, Perforation, Image, Leftimage, Startimage, Endimage, or the name label used to create a Tab. See the bind manual entry for complete details on sequence and the substitutions performed on command.

If all arguments are specified then a new binding is created, replacing any existing binding for the same sequence and tagName. If the first character of command is + then command augments an existing binding rather than replacing it. If no command argument is provided then the command currently associated with tagName and sequence (it’s an error occurs if there’s no such binding) is returned. If both command and sequence are missing then a list of all the event sequences for which bindings have been defined for tagName.

pathName cget option
  Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the configure operation described in the section WIDGET OPTIONS below.
pathName configure ?option? ?value option value ...?
  Query or modify the configuration options of the widget. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all the available options for pathName (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option and value are described in the section WIDGET OPTIONS below.
pathName coords element ?index?
  Returns the screen coordinates for the given element, which is one of: text, image, leftimage, startimage, endimage, or perforation. All except startimage and endimage must also provide a tab index.
pathName delete first ?last?
  Deletes one or more tabs from the tabset. First and last are the first and last indices, defining a range of tabs to be deleted. If last isn’t specified, then only the tab at first is deleted.
pathName focus index
  Designates a tab to get the widget’s focus. This tab is displayed with a dashed line around its label.
pathName get index
  Returns the name of the tab. The value of index may be in any form described in the section INDICES .
pathName hightlight index
  Highlight a tab.
pathName index ?flag? string
  Returns the index offset of the tab specified by string. If flag is -name, then string is the name of a tab. If flag is -index, string is an index such as "active" or "focus". If flag is -both, string is either. If flag isn’t specified, it defaults to -index.
pathName insert position ?name ...? ?option value?...
  Inserts new tabs into the tabset. Tabs are inserted just before the tab given by position. Position may be either a number, indicating where in the list the new tab should be added, or end, indicating that the new tab is to be added the end of the list. Name is the symbolic name of the tab. Be careful not to use a number. Otherwise the tabset will confuse it with tab indices. Returns a list of indices for all the new tabs. If tab name is an empty string, or ends in #auto, it is generated using the given prefix. The list of created tab names is returned.
pathName invoke index
  Selects the tab given by index, maps the tab’s embedded widget, and invokes the Tcl command associated with the tab, if there is one. The return value is the return value from the Tcl command, or an empty string if there is no command associated with the tab. This command is ignored if the tab’s state (see the -state option) is disabled.
pathName move index before|after index
  Moves the tab index to a new position in the tabset.
pathName nearest x y ?varName? ?coordsVar?
  Returns the name of the tab nearest to given X-Y screen coordinate. If the argument varName is present, this is a Tcl variable that is set to either text, image, leftimage, startimage, endimage, perforation or the empty string depending what part of the tab the coordinate is over. If the argument coordsVar is present, return the bounding box coordinates coordinates for the matching item set in varName.
pathName perforation operation ?args?
  This operation controls the perforation on the tab label.
pathName perforation activate boolean
  Set perforation active state to on or off.
pathName perforation invoke
  Invokes the command specified for perforations (see the -perforationcommand widget option). Typically this command places the page into a top level widget. The name of the toplevel is the concatonation of the pathName, "-", and the tabName. The return value is the return value from the Tcl command, or an empty string if there is no command associated with the tab. This command is ignored if the tab’s state (see the -state option) is disabled.
pathName scan option args
  This command implements scanning on tabsets. It has two forms, depending on option:
pathName scan mark x y
  Records x and y and the current view in the tabset window; used with later scan dragto commands. Typically this command is associated with a mouse button press in the widget. It returns an empty string.
pathName scan dragto x y.
  This command computes the difference between its x and y arguments and the x and y arguments to the last scan mark command for the widget. It then adjusts the view by 10 times the difference in coordinates. This command is typically associated with mouse motion events in the widget, to produce the effect of dragging the list at high speed through the window. The return value is an empty string.
pathName see index
  Scrolls the tabset so that the tab index is visible in the widget’s window.
pathName select index
  Select the tab.
pathName size
  Returns the number of tabs in the tabset.
pathName tab operation ?args?
 
pathName tab cget nameOrIndex option
  Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the tab configure operation described in the section TAB OPTIONS below.
pathName tab configure nameOrIndex ?nameOrIndex...? option? ?value option value ...?
  Query or modify the configuration options of one or more tabs. If no option is specified, this operation returns a list describing all the available options for nameOrIndex. NameOrIndex can be either the name of a tab or its index. Names of tabs take precedence over their indices. That means a tab named focus is picked over the "focus" tab.

If option is specified, but not value, then a list describing the one named option is returned. If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then each named tab (specified by nameOrIndex) will have its configurations option(s) set the given value(s). In this last case, the empty string is returned. Option and value are described in the section TAB OPTIONS below.

pathName tab dockall
  Dock all tearoffs.
pathName tab names ?pattern?
  Returns the names of all the tabs matching the given pattern. If no pattern argument is provided, then all tab names are returned.
pathName tab pageheight
pathName tab pagewidth
pathName tab select nameOrindex
  Select a tab by name or index, and cause it to become visible, selected, activated, and receive focus. This is a shortform for using separate commands.
pathName tab tearoff ?index?
  With no ?index?, returns list of all torn-off tabs. Otherwise, return the window for the given torn-off tab.
pathName tab tearoff ?index?
  With no ?index?, returns list of all torn-off tabs. Otherwise, toggles the torn-off state of the tab.
pathName view args
  This command queries or changes the position of the tabset in the widget’s window. It can take any of the following forms:
pathName view
  Returns a list of two numbers between 0.0 and 1.0 that describe the amount and position of the tabset that is visible in the window. For example, if view is "0.2 0.6", 20% of the tabset’s text is off-screen to the left, 40% is visible in the window, and 40% of the tabset is off-screen to the right. These are the same values passed to scrollbars via the -scrollcommand option.
pathName view moveto fraction
  Adjusts the view in the window so that fraction of the total width of the tabset text is off-screen to the left. fraction must be a number between 0.0 and 1.0.
pathName view scroll number what
  This command shifts the view in the window (left/top or right/bottom) according to number and what. Number must be an integer. What must be either units or pages or an abbreviation of these. If what is units, the view adjusts left or right by number scroll units (see the -scrollincrement option). ; if it is pages then the view adjusts by number widget windows. If number is negative then tabs farther to the left become visible; if it is positive then tabs farther to the right become visible.

WIDGET OPTIONS

Widget configuration options may be set either by the configure operation or the Tk option command. The resource class is Tabset. The resource name is the name of the widget.



option add *Tabset.Foreground white option add *Tabset.Background blue

The following widget options are available:
-activebackground color
  Sets the default active background color for tabs. A tab is active when the mouse is positioned over it or set by the activate operation. Individual tabs may override this option by setting the tab’s -activebackground option.
-activeforeground color
  Sets the default active foreground color for tabs. A tab is active when the mouse is positioned over it or set by the activate operation. Individual tabs may override this option by setting the tab’s -activeforeground option.
-anchor anchor
  Anchors the tab’s text (and images) to a particular edge of the tab. The default value is center.
-background color
  Sets the background color of the tabset.
-borderwidth pixels
  Sets the width of the 3-D border around the outside edge of the widget. The -relief option determines how the border is to be drawn. The default is 2.
-cursor cursor
  Specifies the widget’s cursor. The default cursor is "".
-dashes dashList
  Sets the dash style of the focus outline. When a tab has the widget’s focus, it is drawn with a dashed outline around its label. DashList is a list of up to 11 numbers that alternately represent the lengths of the dashes and gaps on the cross hair lines. Each number must be between 1 and 255. If dashList is "", the outline will be a solid line. The default value is 5 2.
-ellipsis string
  String to append to displayed labels that have been truncated due to exceeding -labelmax. The default is ....
-endimage imageName
  Specify an image to be drawn after tabs (ie. on the right if -side = top). This is used by a binding looking for endimage from the nearest subcommand.
-fillwidth boolean
  Indicates if extra space should be allocated to tabs when multiple tiers are displayed. The default is yes.
-font fontName
  Sets the default font for the text in tab labels. Individual tabs may override this by setting the tab’s -font option. The default value is *-Helvetica-Bold-R-Normal-*-12-120-*.
-foreground color
  Sets the default color of tab labels. Individual tabs may override this option by setting the tab’s -foreground option. The default value is black.
-gap size
  Sets the gap (in pixels) between tabs. The default value is 2.
-gapleft size
  Sets a gap (in pixels) to leave between the text and -leftimage. The default value is 2.
-height pixels
  Specifies the requested height of widget. If pixels is 0, then the height of the widget will be calculated based on the size the tabs and their pages. The default is 0.
-highlightbackground color
  Sets the color to display in the traversal highlight region when the tabset does not have the input focus.
-highlightcolor color
  Sets the color to use for the traversal highlight rectangle that is drawn around the widget when it has the input focus. The default is black.
-highlightthickness pixels
  Sets the width of the highlight rectangle to draw around the outside of the widget when it has the input focus. Pixels is a non-negative value and may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels. If the value is zero, no focus highlight is drawn around the widget. The default is 2.
-labelbackground color
  Sets a background color for the label. The default is ".
-labelmax length
  Length at which to truncate displayed label text after appending value of -ellipsis. This enables a user implemention of truncating labels as the number of tabs increases. Default is 0 meaning do no truncation.
-outerpad pixels
  Padding around the exterior of the tabset and folder.
-pageheight pixels
  Sets the requested height of the page. The page is the area under the tab used to display the page contents. If pixels is 0, the maximum height of all embedded tab windows is used. The default is 0.
-pagewidth pixels
  Sets the requested width of the page. The page is the area under the tab used to display the page contents. If pixels is 0, the maximum width of all embedded tab windows is used. The default is 0.
-perforationcommand string
  Specifies a Tcl script to be invoked to tear off the current page in the tabset. This command is typically invoked when left mouse button is released over the tab perforation. The default action is to tear-off the page and place it into a new toplevel window.
-relief relief
  Specifies the 3-D effect for the tabset widget. Relief specifies how the tabset should appear relative to widget that it is packed into; for example, raised means the tabset should appear to protrude. The default is sunken.
-rotate theta
  Specifies the degrees to rotate text in tab labels. Theta is a real value representing the number of degrees to rotate the tick labels. The default is 0.0 degrees.
-samewidth boolean
  Indicates if each tab should be the same width. If true, each tab will be as wide as the widest tab. The default is no.
-scrollcommand string
  Specifies the prefix for a command for communicating with scrollbars. Whenever the view in the widget’s window changes, the widget will generate a Tcl command by concatenating the scroll command and two numbers. If this option is not specified, then no command will be executed.
-scrollincrement pixels
  Sets the smallest number of pixels to scroll the tabs. If pixels is greater than 0, this sets the units for scrolling (e.g., when you the change the view by clicking on the left and right arrows of a scrollbar).
-selectbackground color
  Sets the color to use when displaying background of the selected tab. Individual tabs can override this option by setting the tab’s -selectbackground option.
-selectcommand string
  Specifies a default Tcl script to be invoked when tabs are selected. This command is typically invoked when left mouse button is pressed over the tab. Individual tabs may override this with the tab’s -command option. Alternatively, the <<TabsetSelect>> virtual event may be bound to instead. The default value is "".
-selectforeground color
  Sets the default color of the selected tab’s text label. Individual tabs can override this option by setting the tab’s -selectforeground option. The default value is black.
-selectpad pixels
  Specifies extra padding to be displayed around the selected tab. The default value is 3.
-shadow colorAndOffset
  Sets the shadow color for the text in all tab labels. If an offset isn’t given, it defaults to 1. Drop shadows are useful when both the foreground and background of the tab have similar color intensities. If color is the empty string, no shadow is drawn. The default value is "".
-shadowcolor color
  Sets the folder shadow color.
-side side
  Specifies the side of the widget to place tabs. The following values are valid for side. The default value is top.
top Tabs are drawn along the top.
left Tabs are drawn along the left side.
right Tabs are drawn along the right side.
both Tabs are drawn along the bottom side.
-slant slant
  Specifies if the tabs should be slanted 45 degrees on the left and/or right sides. The following values are valid for slant. The default is none.
none Tabs are drawn as a rectangle.
left The left side of the tab is slanted.
right The right side of the tab is slanted.
both Boths sides of the tab are slanted.
-startimage imageName
  Specify an image to be drawn before tabs (ie. on the left if -side = top). This is used by a binding looking for startimage from the nearest subcommand.
-tabbackground color
  Sets the default background color of tabs. Individual tabs can override this option by setting the tab’s -background option.
-tabborderwidth pixels
  Sets the width of the 3-D border around the outside edge of the tab. The -tabrelief option determines how the border is to be drawn. The default is 2.
-tabforeground color
  Specifies the color to use when displaying a tab’s label. Individual tabs can override this option by setting the tab’s -foreground option.
-tabrelief relief
  Specifies the 3-D effect for both tabs and folders. Relief specifies how the tabs should appear relative to background of the widget; for example, raised means the tab should appear to protrude. The default is raised.
-tabtile image
  Specifies tiled background for tabs. The default is "".
-takefocus focus
  Provides information used when moving the focus from window to window via keyboard traversal (e.g., Tab and Shift-Tab). If focus is 0, this means that this window should be skipped entirely during keyboard traversal. 1 means that the this window should always receive the input focus. An empty value means that the traversal scripts decide whether to focus on the window. The default is 1.
-tearoff boolean
  Display tearoff.
-textside side
  If both images and text are specified for a tab, this option determines on which side of the tab the text is to be displayed. The valid sides are left, right, top, and bottom. The default value is left.
-tiers number
  Specifies the maximum number of tiers to use to display the tabs. The default value is 1.
-tile image
  Specifies a tiled background for the widget background excluding the tabs. If image isn’t "", the background is tiled using image. Otherwise, the normal background color is drawn (see the -background option). Image must be an image created using the Tk image command. The default is "". Specifies a tiled background image for the background of the widget. This does not include the tabs.
-transient boolean
  Tearoff window should be transient.
-width pixels
  Specifies the requested width of the widget. If pixels is 0, then the width of the widget will be calculated based on the size the tabs and their pages. The default is 0.

TAB OPTIONS

In addition to the configure operation, widget configuration options may also be set by the Tk option command. The class resource name is Tab.



option add *Tabset.Tab.Foreground white option add *Tabset.name.Background blue

The following widget options are available:
-activebackground color
  Sets the active background color for nameOrIndex. A tab is active when the mouse is positioned over it or set by the activate operation. This overrides the widget’s -activebackground option.
-activeforeground color
  Sets the default active foreground color nameOrIndex. A tab is "active" when the mouse is positioned over it or set by the activate operation. Individual tabs may override this option by setting the tab’s -activeforeground option.
-anchor anchor
  Anchors the tab’s embedded widget to a particular edge of the folder. This option has effect only if the space in the folder surrounding the embedded widget is larger than the widget itself. Anchor specifies how the widget will be positioned in the extra space. For example, if anchor is center then the window is centered in the folder ; if anchor is w then the window will be aligned with the leftmost edge of the folder. The default value is center.
-background color
  Sets the background color for nameOrIndex. Setting this option overides the widget’s -tabbackground option.
-bindtags tagList
  Specifies the binding tags for this tab. TagList is a list of binding tag names. The tags and their order will determine how commands for events in tabs are invoked. Each tag in the list matching the event sequence will have its Tcl command executed. Implicitly the name of the tab is always the first tag in the list. The default value is all.
-command string
  Specifies a Tcl script to be associated with nameOrIndex. This command is typically invoked when left mouse button is pressed over the tab. Setting this option overrides the widget’s -selectcommand option.
-data string
  Specifies a string to be associated with nameOrIndex. This value isn’t used in the widget code. It may be used in Tcl bindings to associate extra data (other than the image or text) with the tab. The default value is "".
-fill fill
  If the space in the folder surrounding the tab’s embedded widget is larger than the widget, then fill indicates if the embedded widget should be stretched to occupy the extra space. Fill is either none, x, y, both. For example, if fill is x, then the widget is stretched horizontally. If fill is y, the widget is stretched vertically. The default is none.
-font fontName
  Sets the font for the text in tab labels. If fontName is not the empty string, this overrides the tabset’s -font option. The default value is "".
-foreground color
  Sets the color of the label for nameOrIndex. If color is not the empty string, this overrides the widget’s -tabforeground option. The default value is "".
-hidden bool
  Hide the tab. The default is 0. The tab should be changed to not be the selected tab before setting it to hidden.
-image imageName
  Specifies the image to be drawn in label for nameOrIndex. If image is "", no image will be drawn. Both text and images may be displayed at the same time in tab labels. The default value is "".
-leftimage imageName
  Specify a second image to be drawn to the left before text/image when the widgets -textside = right. This image might represent a close icon when used with a binding that looks for leftimage from the nearest subcommand.
-ipadx pad
  Sets the padding to the left and right of the label. Pad can be a list of one or two screen distances. If pad has two elements, the left side of the label is padded by the first distance and the right side by the second. If pad has just one distance, both the left and right sides are padded evenly. The default value is 0.
-ipady pad
  Sets the padding to the top and bottom of the label. Pad can be a list of one or two screen distances. If pad has two elements, the top of the label is padded by the first distance and the bottom by the second. If pad has just one distance, both the top and bottom sides are padded evenly. The default value is 0.
-padx pad
  Sets the padding around the left and right of the embedded widget, if one exists. Pad can be a list of one or two screen distances. If pad has two elements, the left side of the widget is padded by the first distance and the right side by the second. If pad has just one distance, both the left and right sides are padded evenly. The default value is 0.
-pady pad
  Sets the padding around the top and bottom of the embedded widget, if one exists. Pad can be a list of one or two screen distances. If pad has two elements, the top of the widget is padded by the first distance and the bottom by the second. If pad has just one distance, both the top and bottom sides are padded evenly. The default value is 0.
-selectbackground color
  Sets the color to use when displaying background of the selected tab. If color is not the empty string, this overrides the widget’s -selectbackground option. The default value is "".
-shadow color
  Sets the shadow color for the text in the tab’s label. Drop shadows are useful when both the foreground and background of the tab have similar color intensities. If color is the empty string, no shadow is drawn. The default value is "".
-state state
  Sets the state of the tab. If state is disable the text of the tab is drawn as engraved and operations on the tab (such as invoke and tab tearoff) are ignored. The default is normal.
-stipple bitmap
  Specifies a stipple pattern to use for the background of the folder when the window is torn off. Bitmap specifies a bitmap to use as the stipple pattern. The default is BLT.
-text text
  Specifies the text of the tab’s label. The exact way the text is drawn may be affected by other options such as -state or -rotate.
-tornwindow text
  Name of window that was torn off.
-underline num
  Character to underline in text. Default is -1.
-window pathName
  Specifies the widget to be embedded into the tab. PathName must be a child of the tabset widget. The tabset will "pack" and manage the size and placement of pathName. The default value is "".
-windowheight pixels
  Sets the requested height of the page. The page is the area under the tab used to display the page contents. If pixels is 0, the maximum height of all embedded tab windows is used. The default is 0.
-windowwidth pixels
  Sets the requested width of the page. The page is the area under the tab used to display the page contents. If pixels is 0, the maximum width of all embedded tab windows is used. The default is 0.

DEFAULT BINDINGS

BLT automatically generates class bindings that supply tabsets their default behaviors. The following event sequences are set by default for tabsets (via the class bind tag Tabset):
<ButtonPress-2>
<B2-Motion>
<ButtonRelease-2> Mouse button 2 may be used for scanning. If it is pressed and dragged over the tabset, the contents of the tabset drag at high speed in the direction the mouse moves.
<KeyPress-Up>
<KeyPress-Down> The up and down arrow keys move the focus to the tab immediately above or below the current focus tab. The tab with focus is drawn with the a dashed outline around the tab label.
<KeyPress-Left>
<KeyPress-Right> The left and right arrow keys move the focus to the tab immediately to the left or right of the current focus tab. The tab with focus is drawn with the a dashed outline around the tab label.
<KeyPress-space>
<KeyPress-Return> The space and return keys select the current tab given focus. When a folder is selected, it’s command is invoked and the embedded widget is mapped.
Each tab, by default, also has a set of bindings (via the tag all). These bindings may be reset using the tabset’s bind operation.
<Enter>
<Leave> When the mouse pointer enters a tab, it is activated (i.e. drawn in its active colors) and when the pointer leaves, it is redrawn in its normal colors.
<ButtonRelease-1> Clicking with the left mouse button on a tab causes the tab to be selected and its Tcl script (see the -command or -selectcommand options) to be invoked. The folder and any embedded widget (if one is specified) is automatically mapped.
<ButtonRelease-3>
<Control-ButtonRelease-1> Clicking on the right mouse button (or the left mouse button with the Control key held down) tears off the current page into its own toplevel widget. The embedded widget is re-packed into a new toplevel and an outline of the widget is drawn in the folder. Clicking again (toggling) will reverse this operation and replace the page back in the folder.

BIND TAGS

You can bind commands to tabs that are triggered when a particular event sequence occurs in them, much like canvas items in Tk’s canvas widget. Not all event sequences are valid. The only binding events that may be specified are those related to the mouse and keyboard (such as Enter, Leave, ButtonPress, Motion, and KeyPress).

It is possible for multiple bindings to match a particular event. This could occur, for example, if one binding is associated with the tab name and another is associated with the tab’s tags (see the -bindtags option). When this occurs, all the matching bindings are invoked. A binding associated with the tab name is invoked first, followed by one binding for each of the tab’s bindtags. If there are multiple matching bindings for a single tag, then only the most specific binding is invoked. A continue command in a binding script terminates that script, and a break command terminates that script and skips any remaining scripts for the event, just as for the bind command.

The -bindtags option for tabs controls addition tag names that can be matched. Implicitly the first tag for each tab is its name. Setting the value of the -bindtags option doesn’t change this.

Note that the <<TabsetTearoff>> virtual event is generated on tearoff. and the <<TabsetSelect>> virtual event is generated on selection.

EXAMPLE

You create a tabset widget with the tabset command.



# Create a new tabset tabset .ts -relief sunken -borderwidth 2

A new Tcl command .ts is also created. This command can be used to query and modify the tabset. For example, to change the default font used by all the tab labels, you use the new command and the tabset’s configure operation.




# Change the default font. .ts configure -font "fixed"

You can then add folders using the insert operation.




# Create a new folder "f1" .ts insert 0 "f1"

This inserts the new tab named "f1" into the tabset. The index 0 indicates location to insert the new tab. You can also use the index end to append a tab to the end of the tabset. By default, the text of the tab is the name of the tab. You can change this by configuring the -text option.




# Change the label of "f1" .ts tab configure "f1" -text "Tab #1"

The insert operation lets you add one or more folders at a time.




.ts insert end "f2" -text "Tab #2" "f3" "f4"

The tab on each folder contains a label. A label may display both an image and a text string. You can reconfigure the tab’s attributes (foreground/background colors, font, rotation, etc) using the tab configure operation.




# Add an image to the label of "f1" set image [image create photo -file stopsign.gif] .ts tab configure "f1" -image $image .ts tab configure "f2" -rotate 90

Each folder may contain an embedded widget to represent its contents. The widget to be embedded must be a child of the tabset widget. Using the -window option, you specify the name of widget to be embedded. But don’t pack the widget, the tabset takes care of placing and arranging the widget for you.




graph .ts.graph .ts tab configure "f1" -window ".ts.graph" \ -fill both -padx 0.25i -pady 0.25i

The size of the folder is determined the sizes of the Tk widgets embedded inside each folder. The folder will be as wide as the widest widget in any folder. The tallest determines the height. You can use the tab’s -pagewidth and -pageheight options override this.

Other options control how the widget appears in the folder. The -fill option says that you wish to have the widget stretch to fill the available space in the folder.




.ts tab configure "f1" -fill both -padx 0.25i -pady 0.25i

Now when you click the left mouse button on "f1", the graph will be displayed in the folder. It will be automatically hidden when another folder is selected. If you click on the right mouse button, the embedded widget will be moved into a toplevel widget of its own. Clicking again on the right mouse button puts it back into the folder.

If you want to share a page between two different folders, the -command option lets you specify a Tcl command to be invoked whenever the folder is selected. You can reset the -window option for the tab whenever it’s clicked.




.ts tab configure "f2" -command { .ts tab configure "f2" -window ".ts.graph" } .ts tab configure "f1" -command { .ts tab configure "f1" -window ".ts.graph" }

If you have many folders, you may wish to stack tabs in multiple tiers. The tabset’s -tiers option requests a maximum number of tiers. The default is one tier.




.ts configure -tiers 2

If the tabs can fit in less tiers, the widget will use that many. Whenever there are more tabs than can be displayed in the maximum number of tiers, the tabset will automatically let you scroll the tabs. You can even attach a scrollbar to the tabset.




.ts configure -scrollcommand { .sbar set } -scrollincrement 20 .sbar configure -orient horizontal -command { .ts view }

By default tabs are along the top of the tabset from left to right. But tabs can be placed on any side of the tabset using the -side option.




# Arrange tabs along the right side of the tabset. .ts configure -side right -rotate 270

KEYWORDS

tabset, widget
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