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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  BIO::PHYLO::LISTABLE (3)

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NAME

Bio::Phylo::Listable - List of things, super class for many objects

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



 No direct usage, parent class. Methods documented here
 are available for all objects that inherit from it.



DESCRIPTION

A listable object is an object that contains multiple smaller objects of the same type. For example: a tree contains nodes, so it’s a listable object.

This class contains methods that are useful for all listable objects: Matrices (i.e. sets of matrix objects), individual Matrix objects, Datum objects (i.e. character state sequences), Taxa, Forest, Tree and Node objects.

METHODS

    ARRAY METHODS

insert() Pushes an object into its container.



 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : insert
 Usage   : $obj->insert($other_obj);
 Function: Pushes an object into its container.
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::Listable object.
 Args    : A Bio::Phylo::* object.



insert_at_index() Inserts argument object in container at argument index.



 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : insert_at_index
 Usage   : $obj->insert_at_index($other_obj, $i);
 Function: Inserts $other_obj at index $i in container $obj
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::Listable object.
 Args    : A Bio::Phylo::* object.



delete() Deletes argument from container.



 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : delete
 Usage   : $obj->delete($other_obj);
 Function: Deletes an object from its container.
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::Listable object.
 Args    : A Bio::Phylo::* object.
 Note    : Be careful with this method: deleting
           a node from a tree like this will
           result in undefined references in its
           neighbouring nodes. Its children will
           have their parent reference become
           undef (instead of pointing to their
           grandparent, as collapsing a node would
           do). The same is true for taxon objects
           that reference datum objects: if the
           datum object is deleted from a matrix
           (say), the taxon will now hold undefined
           references.



clear() Empties container object.



 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : clear
 Usage   : $obj->clear();
 Function: Clears the container.
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::Listable object.
 Args    : Note.
 Note    :



keep_entities() Keeps the container’s contents specified by an array reference of indices.



 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : keep_entities
 Usage   : $list->keep_entities([9,7,7,6]);
 Function: Keeps a subset of contents
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::Listable object.
 Args    : An array reference of indices



get_entities() Returns a reference to an array of objects contained by the listable object.



 Type    : Accessor
 Title   : get_entities
 Usage   : my @entities = @{ $obj->get_entities };
 Function: Retrieves all entities in the container.
 Returns : A reference to a list of Bio::Phylo::*
           objects.
 Args    : none.



    ITERATOR METHODS

first() Jumps to the first element contained by the listable object.



 Type    : Iterator
 Title   : first
 Usage   : my $first_obj = $obj->first;
 Function: Retrieves the first
           entity in the container.
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::* object
 Args    : none.



last() Jumps to the last element contained by the listable object.



 Type    : Iterator
 Title   : last
 Usage   : my $last_obj = $obj->last;
 Function: Retrieves the last
           entity in the container.
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::* object
 Args    : none.



current() Returns the current focal element of the listable object.



 Type    : Iterator
 Title   : current
 Usage   : my $current_obj = $obj->current;
 Function: Retrieves the current focal
           entity in the container.
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::* object
 Args    : none.



next() Returns the next focal element of the listable object.



 Type    : Iterator
 Title   : next
 Usage   : my $next_obj = $obj->next;
 Function: Retrieves the next focal
           entity in the container.
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::* object
 Args    : none.



previous() Returns the previous element of the listable object.



 Type    : Iterator
 Title   : previous
 Usage   : my $previous_obj = $obj->previous;
 Function: Retrieves the previous
           focal entity in the container.
 Returns : A Bio::Phylo::* object
 Args    : none.



current_index() Returns the current internal index of the container.



 Type    : Accessor
 Title   : current_index
 Usage   : my $last_index = $obj->current_index;
 Function: Returns the current internal
           index of the container or 0
 Returns : An integer
 Args    : none.



last_index() Returns the highest valid index of the container.



 Type    : Generic query
 Title   : last_index
 Usage   : my $last_index = $obj->last_index;
 Function: Returns the highest valid
           index of the container.
 Returns : An integer
 Args    : none.



    UTILITY METHODS

set_listener() Attaches a listener (code ref) which is executed when contents change.



 Type    : Utility method
 Title   : set_listener
 Usage   : $object->set_listener( sub { my $object = shift; } );
 Function: Attaches a listener (code ref) which is executed when contents change.
 Returns : Invocant.
 Args    : A code reference.
 Comments: When executed, the code reference will receive $object
           (the container) as its first argument.



notify_listeners() Notifies listeners of changed contents.



 Type    : Utility method
 Title   : notify_listeners
 Usage   : $object->notify_listeners;
 Function: Notifies listeners of changed contents.
 Returns : Invocant.
 Args    : NONE.
 Comments:



    SETS MANAGEMENT

Many Bio::Phylo objects are segmented, i.e. they contain one or more subparts of the same type. For example, a matrix contains multiple rows; each row contains multiple cells; a tree contains nodes, and so on. (Segmented objects all inherit from Bio::Phylo::Listable, i.e. the class whose documentation you’re reading here.) In many cases it is useful to be able to define subsets of the contents of segmented objects, for example sets of taxon objects inside a taxa block. The Bio::Phylo::Listable object allows this through a number of methods (add_set, remove_set, add_to_set, remove_from_set etc.). Those methods delegate the actual management of the set contents to the Bio::Phylo::Set object. Consult the documentation for Bio::Phylo::Set for a code sample.
add_set()


 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : add_set
 Usage   : $obj->add_set($set)
 Function: Associates a Bio::Phylo::Set object with the container
 Returns : Invocant
 Args    : A Bio::Phylo::Set object



set_sets()


 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : set_sets
 Usage   : $obj->set_sets([ $s1, $s2, $s3 ])
 Function: Assigns all Bio::Phylo::Set objects to the container
 Returns : Invocant
 Args    : An array ref of Bio::Phylo::Set objects



remove_set()


 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : remove_set
 Usage   : $obj->remove_set($set)
 Function: Removes association between a Bio::Phylo::Set object and the container
 Returns : Invocant
 Args    : A Bio::Phylo::Set object



get_sets()


 Type    : Accessor
 Title   : get_sets
 Usage   : my @sets = @{ $obj->get_sets() };
 Function: Retrieves all associated Bio::Phylo::Set objects
 Returns : Invocant
 Args    : None



is_in_set()


 Type    : Test
 Title   : is_in_set
 Usage   : @do_something if $listable->is_in_set($obj,$set);
 Function: Returns whether or not the first argument is listed in the second argument
 Returns : Boolean
 Args    : $obj - an object that may, or may not be in $set
           $set - the Bio::Phylo::Set object to query
 Notes   : This method makes two assumptions:
           i) the $set object is associated with the container,
              i.e. add_set($set) has been called previously
           ii) the $obj object is part of the container
           If either assumption is violated a warning message
           is printed.



add_to_set()


 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : add_to_set
 Usage   : $listable->add_to_set($obj,$set);
 Function: Adds first argument to the second argument
 Returns : Invocant
 Args    : $obj - an object to add to $set
           $set - the Bio::Phylo::Set object to add to
 Notes   : this method assumes that $obj is already
           part of the container. If that assumption is
           violated a warning message is printed.



remove_from_set()


 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : remove_from_set
 Usage   : $listable->remove_from_set($obj,$set);
 Function: Removes first argument from the second argument
 Returns : Invocant
 Args    : $obj - an object to remove from $set
           $set - the Bio::Phylo::Set object to remove from
 Notes   : this method assumes that $obj is already
           part of the container. If that assumption is
           violated a warning message is printed.



SEE ALSO

There is a mailing list at <https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/bio-phylo> for any user or developer questions and discussions.

Also see the manual: Bio::Phylo::Manual and <http://rutgervos.blogspot.com>.

    Objects inheriting from Bio::Phylo::Listable

Bio::Phylo::Forest Iterate over a set of trees.
Bio::Phylo::Forest::Tree Iterate over nodes in a tree.
Bio::Phylo::Forest::Node Iterate of children of a node.
Bio::Phylo::Matrices Iterate over a set of matrices.
Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix Iterate over the datum objects in a matrix.
Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Datum Iterate over the characters in a datum.
Bio::Phylo::Taxa Iterate over a set of taxa.

    Superclasses

Bio::Phylo::NeXML::Writable This object inherits from Bio::Phylo::NeXML::Writable, so methods defined there are also applicable here.

CITATION

If you use Bio::Phylo in published research, please cite it:

<B>Rutger A VosB>, <B>Jason CaravasB>, <B>Klaas HartmannB>, <B>Mark A JensenB> and <B>Chase MillerB>, 2011. Bio::Phylo - phyloinformatic analysis using Perl. BMC Bioinformatics <B>12B>:63. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-12-63>

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