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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  CACHE::MEMCACHED::LIBMEMCACHED (3)

.ds Aq ’

NAME

Cache::Memcached::libmemcached - Perl Interface to libmemcached

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



  use Cache::Memcached::libmemcached;
  my $memd = Cache::Memcached::libmemcached->new({
    servers => [ "10.0.0.15:11211", "10.0.0.15:11212", "/var/sock/memcached" ],
    compress_threshold => 10_000
  });

  $memd->set("my_key", "Some value");
  $memd->set("object_key", { complex => [ "object", 2, 4 ]});

  $val = $memd->get("my_key");
  $val = $memd->get("object_key");
  if ($val) { print $val->{complex}->[2] }

  $memd->incr("key");
  $memd->decr("key");
  $memd->incr("key", 2);

  $memd->delete("key");
  $memd->remove("key"); # Alias to delete

  my $hashref = $memd->get_multi(@keys);

  # Constants - explicitly by name or by tags
  #    see Memcached::libmemcached::constants for a list
  use Cache::Memcached::libmemcached qw(MEMCACHED_DISTRIBUTION_CONSISTENT);
  use Cache::Memcached::libmemcached qw(
    :defines
    :memcached_allocated
    :memcached_behavior
    :memcached_callback
    :memcached_connection
    :memcached_hash
    :memcached_return
    :memcached_server_distribution
  );

  # Extra constructor options that are not in Cache::Memcached
  # See Memcached::libmemcached::constants for a list of available options
  my $memd = Cache::Memcached::libmemcached->new({
    ...,
    no_block            => $boolean,
    distribution_method => $distribution_method,
    hashing_algorithm   => $hashing_algorithm,
  });



DESCRIPTION

This is the Cache::Memcached compatible interface to libmemcached, a C library to interface with memcached.

Cache::Memcached::libmemcached is built on top of Memcached::libmemcached. While Memcached::libmemcached aims to port libmemcached API to perl, Cache::Memcached::libmemcached attempts to be API compatible with Cache::Memcached, so it can be used as a drop-in replacement.

Note that as of version 0.02000, Cache::Memcached::libmemcached inherits from Memcached::libmemcached. While you are free to use the Memcached::libmemcached specific methods directly on the object, you should use them with care, as it will mean that your code is no longer compatible with the Cache::Memcached API therefore losing some of th portability in case you want to replace it with some other package.

FOR Cache::Memcached::LibMemcached USERS

Cache::Memcached::libmemcached is a rewrite of Cache::Memcached::LibMemcached, using Memcached::libmemcached instead of straight XS as its backend.

Therefore you might notice some differences. Here are the ones we are aware of:
cas() is not implemented This was sort of implemented in a previous life, but since Memcached::libmemcached is still undecided how to handle it, we don’t support it either.
performance is probably a bit different To be honest, we haven’t ran benchmarks comparing the two (yet). In general, you might see a decrease in performance here and there because we’ve essentially added another call stack (instead of going straight from perl to XS, we are now going from perl to perl to XS). But on the other hand, Memcached::libmemcached is in the hands of XS gurus like Time Bunce, so you are probably sparing yourself some accidental hooplas that occasional C programmers like me might introduce.

Cache::Memcached COMPATIBLE METHODS

Except for the minor incompatiblities, below methods are generally compatible with Cache::Memcached.

    new

Takes on parameter, a hashref of options.

    set_servers



  $memd->set_servers( [ qw(serv1:port1 serv2:port2 ...) ]);



Sets the server list.

    get



  my $val = $memd->get($key);



Retrieves a key from the memcached. Returns the value (automatically thawed with Storable, if necessary) or undef.

Currently the arrayref form of $key is NOT supported. Perhaps in the future.

    get_multi



  my $hashref = $memd->get_multi(@keys);



Retrieves multiple keys from the memcache doing just one query. Returns a hashref of key/value pairs that were available.

    set



  $memd->set($key, $value[, $expires]);



Unconditionally sets a key to a given value in the memcache. Returns true if it was stored successfully.

Currently the arrayref form of $key is NOT supported. Perhaps in the future.

    add



  $memd->add($key, $value[, $expires]);



Like set(), but only stores in memcache if they key doesn’t already exist.

    replace



  $memd->replace($key, $value[, $expires]);



Like set(), but only stores in memcache if they key already exist.

    append



  $memd->append($key, $value);



Appends $value to whatever value associated with $key. Only available for memcached > 1.2.4

    prepend



  $memd->prepend($key, $value);



Prepends $value to whatever value associated with $key. Only available for memcached > 1.2.4

    incr

    decr



  my $newval = $memd->incr($key);
  my $newval = $memd->decr($key);
  my $newval = $memd->incr($key, $offset);
  my $newval = $memd->decr($key, $offset);



Atomically increments or decrements the specified the integer value specified by $key. Returns undef if the key doesn’t exist on the server.

    delete

    remove



  $memd->delete($key);



Deletes a key.

XXX - The behavior when second argument is specified may differ from Cache::Memcached — this hasn’t been very well tested. Patches welcome!

    flush_all



  $memd->fush_all;



Runs the memcached flush_all command on all configured hosts, emptying all their caches.

    set_compress_threshold



  $memd->set_compress_threshold($threshold);



Set the compress threshold.

    enable_compress



  $memd->enable_compress($bool);



This is actually an alias to set_compress_enable(). The original version from Cache::Memcached is, despite its naming, a setter as well.

    stats



  my $h = $memd->stats();



This method is still half-baked. It gives you some stats. If the values are wrong, well, reports, or better yet, patches welcome.

    disconnect_all

Disconnects from servers

    cas



  $memd->cas($key, $cas, $value[, $exptime]);



XXX - This method is still broken.

Sets if $cas matches the value on the server.

    gets

    get_cas



  my $cas = $memd->gets($key);
  my $cas = $memd->get_cas($key);



Get the CAS value for $key

    get_cas_multi



  my $h = $memd->get_cas_multi(@keys)



Gets CAS values for multiple keys

Cache::Memcached::libmemcached SPECIFIC METHODS

These methods are libmemcached-specific.

    server_add

Adds a memcached server.

    server_add_unix_socket

Adds a memcached server, connecting via unix socket.

    server_list_free

Frees the memcached server list.

UTILITY METHODS

WARNING: Please do not consider the existance for these methods to be final. They may be renamed or may entirely disappear from future releases.

    get_compress_threshold

Return the current value of compress_threshold

    set_compress_enable

Set the value of compress_enable

    get_compress_enable

Return the current value of compress_enable

    set_compress_savings

Set the value of compress_savings

    get_compress_savings

Return the current value of compress_savings

BEHAVIOR CUSTOMIZATION

Certain libmemcached behaviors can be configured with the following methods.

(NOTE: This API is not fixed yet)

    behavior_set

    behavior_get

If you want to customize something that we don’t have a wrapper for, you can directly use these method.

    set_no_block



  Cache::Memcached::libmemcached->new({
    ...
    no_block => 1
  });
  # or
  $memd->set_no_block( 1 );



Set to use blocking/non-blocking I/O. When this is in effect, get() becomes flaky, so don’t attempt to call it. This has the most effect for set() operations, because libmemcached stops waiting for server response after writing to the socket (set() will also always return success)

Please consult the man page for memcached_behavior_set() for details before setting.

    is_no_block

Get the current value of no_block behavior.

    set_distribution_method



  $memd->set_distribution_method( MEMCACHED_DISTRIBUTION_CONSISTENT );



Set the distribution behavior.

    get_distribution_method

Get the distribution behavior.

    set_hashing_algorithm



  $memd->set_hashing_algorithm( MEMCACHED_HASH_KETAMA );



Set the hashing algorithm used.

    get_hashing_algorithm

Get the hashing algorithm used.

    set_support_cas



  $memd->set_support_cas($boolean);
  # or
  $memd = Cache::Memcached::libmemcached->new( {
    ...
    support_cas => 1
  } );



Enable/disable CAS support.

set_binary_protocol



  $memd->set_binary_protocol( 1 );
  $binary = $memd->is_binary_protocol();



Enable/disable binary protocol

OPTIMIZE FLAG

There’s an EXPERIMENTAL optimization available for some corner cases, where if you know before hand that you won’t be using some features, you can disable them all together for some performance boost. To enable this mode, set an environment variable named PERL_LIBMEMCACHED_OPTIMIZE to a true value

    NO MASTER KEY SUPPORT

If you are 100% sure that you won’t be using the master key support, where you provide an arrayref as the key, you get about 4~5% performance boost.

VARIOUS MEMCACHED MODULES

Below are the various memcached modules available on CPAN.

Please check tool/benchmark.pl for a live comparison of these modules. (except for Cache::Memcached::XS, which I wasn’t able to compile under my main dev environment)

    Cache::Memcached

This is the main module. It’s mostly written in Perl.

    Cache::Memcached::libmemcached

Cache::Memcached::libmemcached, which is the module for which your reading the document of, is a perl binding for libmemcached (http://tangent.org/552/libmemcached.html). Not to be confused with libmemcache (see below).

    Cache::Memcached::Fast

Cache::Memcached::Fast is a memcached client written in XS from scratch. As of this writing benchmarks shows that Cache::Memcached::Fast is faster on get_multi(), and Cache::Memcached::libmemcached is faster on regular get()/set()

    Memcached::libmemcached

Memcached::libmemcached is a straight binding to libmemcached, and is also the parent class of this module.

It has most of the libmemcached API. If you don’t care about a drop-in replacement for Cache::Memcached, and want to benefit from low level API that libmemcached offers, this is the way to go.

    Cache::Memcached::XS

Cache::Memcached::XS is a binding for libmemcache (http://people.freebsd.org/~seanc/libmemcache/). The main memcached site at http://danga.com/memcached/apis.bml seems to indicate that the underlying libmemcache is no longer in active development.

CAVEATS

Unless you know what you’re getting yourself into, don’t try to subclass this module just yet. Internal structures may change without notice.

AUTHOR

Copyright (c) 2008 Daisuke Maki <daisuke@endeworks.jp>

LICENSE

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

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perl v5.20.3 CACHE::MEMCACHED::LIBMEMCACHED (3) 2011-05-26

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