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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  CONFIG::TINY (3)

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NAME

Config::Tiny - Read/Write .ini style files with as little code as possible

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



        # In your configuration file
        rootproperty=blah

        [section]
        one=twp
        three= four
        Foo =Bar
        empty=

        # In your program
        use Config::Tiny;

        # Create a config
        my $Config = Config::Tiny->new;

        # Open the config
        $Config = Config::Tiny->read( file.conf );
        $Config = Config::Tiny->read( file.conf, utf8 ); # Neither : nor <: prefix!
        $Config = Config::Tiny->read( file.conf, encoding(iso-8859-1));

        # Reading properties
        my $rootproperty = $Config->{_}->{rootproperty};
        my $one = $Config->{section}->{one};
        my $Foo = $Config->{section}->{Foo};

        # Changing data
        $Config->{newsection} = { this => that }; # Add a section
        $Config->{section}->{Foo} = Not Bar!;     # Change a value
        delete $Config->{_};                        # Delete a value or section

        # Save a config
        $Config->write( file.conf );
        $Config->write( file.conf, utf8 ); # Neither : nor >: prefix!

        # Shortcuts
        my($rootproperty) = $$Config{_}{rootproperty};

        my($config) = Config::Tiny -> read_string(alpha=bet);
        my($value)  = $$config{_}{alpha}; # $value is bet.

        my($config) = Config::Tiny -> read_string("[init]\nalpha=bet");
        my($value)  = $$config{init}{alpha}; # $value is bet.



DESCRIPTION

Config::Tiny is a Perl class to read and write .ini style configuration files with as little code as possible, reducing load time and memory overhead.

Most of the time it is accepted that Perl applications use a lot of memory and modules.

The *::Tiny family of modules is specifically intended to provide an ultralight alternative to the standard modules.

This module is primarily for reading human written files, and anything we write shouldn’t need to have documentation/comments. If you need something with more power move up to Config::Simple, Config::General or one of the many other Config::* modules.

Lastly, Config::Tiny does <B>notB> preserve your comments, whitespace, or the order of your config file.

See Config::Tiny::Ordered (and possibly others) for the preservation of the order of the entries in the file.

CONFIGURATION FILE SYNTAX

Files are the same format as for MS Windows *.ini files. For example:



        [section]
        var1=value1
        var2=value2



If a property is outside of a section at the beginning of a file, it will be assigned to the "root section", available at $Config->{_}.

Lines starting with # or ; are considered comments and ignored, as are blank lines.

When writing back to the config file, all comments, custom whitespace, and the ordering of your config file elements is discarded. If you need to keep the human elements of a config when writing back, upgrade to something better, this module is not for you.

METHODS

errstr()

Returns a string representing the most recent error, or the empty string.

You can also retrieve the error message from the $Config::Tiny::errstr variable.

new()

The constructor new creates and returns an empty Config::Tiny object.

    read($filename, [$encoding])

Here, the [] indicate an optional parameter.

The read constructor reads a config file, $filename, and returns a new Config::Tiny object containing the properties in the file.

$encoding may be used to indicate the encoding of the file, e.g. ’utf8’ or ’encoding(iso-8859-1)’.

Do not add a prefix to $encoding, such as ’<’ or ’<:’.

Returns the object on success, or undef on error.

When read fails, Config::Tiny sets an error message internally you can recover via Config::Tiny->errstr. Although in <B>someB> cases a failed read will also set the operating system error variable $!, not all errors do and you should not rely on using the $! variable.

See t/04.utf8.t and t/04.utf8.txt.

    read_string($string)

The read_string method takes as argument the contents of a config file as a string and returns the Config::Tiny object for it.

    write($filename, [$encoding])

Here, the [] indicate an optional parameter.

The write method generates the file content for the properties, and writes it to disk to the filename specified.

$encoding may be used to indicate the encoding of the file, e.g. ’utf8’ or ’encoding(iso-8859-1)’.

Do not add a prefix to $encoding, such as ’>’ or ’>:’.

Returns true on success or undef on error.

See t/04.utf8.t and t/04.utf8.txt.

write_string()

Generates the file content for the object and returns it as a string.

FAQ

    Why can’t I put comments at the ends of lines?

Because a line like:



        key=value # A comment



Sets key to ’value # A comment’ :-(.

This conforms to the syntax discussed in CONFIGURATION FILE SYNTAX.

    Why can’t I omit the ’=’ signs?

E.g.:



        [Things]
        my =
        list =
        of =
        things =



Instead of:



        [Things]
        my
        list
        of
        things



Because the use of ’=’ signs is a type of mandatory documentation. It indicates that that section contains 4 items, and not 1 odd item split over 4 lines.

    Why do I have to assign the result of a method call to a variable?

This question comes from RT#85386.

Yes, the syntax may seem odd, but you don’t have to call both new() and read_string().

Try:



        perl -MData::Dumper -MConfig::Tiny -E my $c=Config::Tiny->read_string("one=s"); say Dumper $c



Or:



        my($config) = Config::Tiny -> read_string(alpha=bet);
        my($value)  = $$config{_}{alpha}; # $value is bet.



Or even, a bit ridiculously:



        my($value) = ${Config::Tiny -> read_string(alpha=bet)}{_}{alpha}; # $value is bet.



    Can I use a file called ’0’ (zero)?

Yes. See t/05.zero.t (test code) and t/0 (test data).

CAVEATS

    Unsupported Section Headers

Some edge cases in section headers are not supported, and additionally may not be detected when writing the config file.

Specifically, section headers with leading whitespace, trailing whitespace, or newlines anywhere in the section header, will not be written correctly to the file and may cause file corruption.

    Setting an option more than once

Config::Tiny will only recognize the first time an option is set in a config file. Any further attempts to set the same option later in the config file are ignored.

SUPPORT

Bugs should be reported via the CPAN bug tracker at

<http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Config-Tiny>

For other issues, or commercial enhancement or support, contact the author.

AUTHOR

Adam Kennedy <adamk@cpan.org>

Maintanence from V 2.15: Ron Savage <http://savage.net.au/>.

ACKNOWLEGEMENTS

Thanks to Sherzod Ruzmetov <sherzodr@cpan.org> for Config::Simple, which inspired this module by being not quite simple enough for me :).

SEE ALSO

See, amongst many: Config::Simple and Config::General.

See Config::Tiny::Ordered (and possibly others) for the preservation of the order of the entries in the file.

IOD. Ini On Drugs.

IOD::Examples

App::IODUtils

Config::IOD::Reader

Config::Perl::V. Config data from Perl itself.

Config::Onion

Config::IniFiles

Config::INIPlus

Config::Hash. Allows nested data.

Config::MVP. Author: RJBS. Uses Moose. Extremely complex.

Config::TOML. See next few lines:

<https://github.com/dlc/toml>

<https://github.com/alexkalderimis/config-toml.pl>. 1 Star rating.

<https://github.com/toml-lang/toml>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2002 - 2011 Adam Kennedy.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

The full text of the license can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module.

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perl v5.20.3 CONFIG::TINY (3) 2015-10-13

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