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Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  CORO::CHANNEL (3)

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Coro::Channel - message queues



 use Coro;

 $q1 = new Coro::Channel <maxsize>;

 $q1->put ("xxx");
 print $q1->get;

 die unless $q1->size;


A Coro::Channel is the equivalent of a unix pipe (and similar to amiga message ports): you can put things into it on one end and read things out of it from the other end. If the capacity of the Channel is maxed out writers will block. Both ends of a Channel can be read/written from by as many coroutines as you want concurrently.

You don’t have to load Coro::Channel manually, it will be loaded automatically when you use Coro and call the new constructor.
$q = new Coro:Channel $maxsize Create a new channel with the given maximum size (practically unlimited if maxsize is omitted or zero). Giving a size of one gives you a traditional channel, i.e. a queue that can store only a single element (which means there will be no buffering, and put will wait until there is a corresponding get call). To buffer one element you have to specify 2, and so on.
$q->put ($scalar) Put the given scalar into the queue.
$q->get Return the next element from the queue, waiting if necessary.
$q->shutdown Shuts down the Channel by pushing a virtual end marker onto it: This changes the behaviour of the Channel when it becomes or is empty to return undef, almost as if infinitely many undef elements had been put into the queue.

Specifically, this function wakes up any pending get calls and lets them return undef, the same on future get calls. size will return the real number of stored elements, though.

Another way to describe the behaviour is that get calls will not block when the queue becomes empty but immediately return undef. This means that calls to put will work normally and the data will be returned on subsequent get calls.

This method is useful to signal the end of data to any consumers, quite similar to an end of stream on e.g. a tcp socket: You have one or more producers that put data into the Channel and one or more consumers who get them. When all producers have finished producing data, a call to shutdown signals this fact to any consumers.

A common implementation uses one or more threads that get from a channel until it returns undef. To clean everything up, first shutdown the channel, then join the threads.

$q->size Return the number of elements waiting to be consumed. Please note that:

  if ($q->size) {
     my $data = $q->get;

is not a race condition but instead works just fine. Note that the number of elements that wait can be larger than $maxsize, as it includes any coroutines waiting to put data into the channel (but not any shutdown condition).

This means that the number returned is precisely the number of calls to get that will succeed instantly and return some data. Calling shutdown has no effect on this number.


   Marc A. Lehmann <>

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perl v5.20.3 CHANNEL (3) 2015-10-16

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