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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  CORO::HANDLE (3)

.ds Aq ’

NAME

Coro::Handle - non-blocking I/O with a blocking interface.

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



 use Coro::Handle;



DESCRIPTION

This module is an AnyEvent user, you need to make sure that you use and run a supported event loop.

This module implements IO-handles in a coroutine-compatible way, that is, other coroutines can run while reads or writes block on the handle.

It does so by using AnyEvent to wait for readable/writable data, allowing other coroutines to run while one coroutine waits for I/O.

Coro::Handle does NOT inherit from IO::Handle but uses tied objects.

If at all possible, you should always prefer method calls on the handle object over invoking tied methods, i.e.:



   $fh->print ($str);         # NOT print $fh $str;
   my $line = $fh->readline;  # NOT my $line = <$fh>;



The reason is that perl recurses within the interpreter when invoking tie magic, forcing the (temporary) allocation of a (big) stack. If you have lots of socket connections and they happen to wait in e.g. <$fh>, then they would all have a costly C coroutine associated with them.
$fh = new_from_fh Coro::Handle $fhandle [, arg => value...] Create a new non-blocking io-handle using the given perl-filehandle. Returns undef if no filehandle is given. The only other supported argument is timeout, which sets a timeout for each operation.
$fh = unblock $fh This is a convenience function that just calls new_from_fh on the given filehandle. Use it to replace a normal perl filehandle by a non-(coroutine-)blocking equivalent.
$fh->writable, $fh->readable Wait until the filehandle is readable or writable (and return true) or until an error condition happens (and return false).
$fh->readline ([$terminator]) Similar to the builtin of the same name, but allows you to specify the input record separator in a coroutine-safe manner (i.e. not using a global variable). Paragraph mode is not supported, use \n\n to achieve the same effect.
$fh->autoflush ([...]) Always returns true, arguments are being ignored (exists for compatibility only). Might change in the future.
$fh->fileno, $fh->close, $fh->read, $fh->sysread, $fh->syswrite, $fh->print, $fh->printf Work like their function equivalents (except read, which works like sysread. You should not use the read function with Coro::Handle’s, it will work but it’s not efficient).
connect, listen, bind, getsockopt, setsockopt, send, recv, peername, sockname, shutdown, peerport, peerhost Do the same thing as the perl builtins or IO::Socket methods (but return true on EINPROGRESS). Remember that these must be method calls.
peeraddr, peerhost, peerport Return the peer host (as numericla IP address) and peer port (as integer).
($fh, $peername) = $listen_fh->accept In scalar context, returns the newly accepted socket (or undef) and in list context return the ($fh, $peername) pair (or nothing).
$fh->timeout ([...]) The optional argument sets the new timeout (in seconds) for this handle. Returns the current (new) value.

0 is a valid timeout, use undef to disable the timeout.

$fh->fh Returns the real (non-blocking) filehandle. Use this if you want to do operations on the file handle you cannot do using the Coro::Handle interface.
$fh->rbuf Returns the current contents of the read buffer (this is an lvalue, so you can change the read buffer if you like).

You can use this function to implement your own optimized reader when neither readline nor sysread are viable candidates, like this:



  # first get the _real_ non-blocking filehandle
  # and fetch a reference to the read buffer
  my $nb_fh = $fh->fh;
  my $buf = \$fh->rbuf;

  while () {
     # now use buffer contents, modifying
     # if necessary to reflect the removed data

     last if $$buf ne ""; # we have leftover data

     # read another buffer full of data
     $fh->readable or die "end of file";
     sysread $nb_fh, $$buf, 8192;
  }



BUGS



 - Perls IO-Handle model is THE bug.



AUTHOR/SUPPORT/CONTACT



   Marc A. Lehmann <schmorp@schmorp.de>
   http://software.schmorp.de/pkg/Coro.html



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