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Man Pages
DB(1) FreeBSD General Commands Manual DB(1)

db
manipulate db(3)'s btree(3) and hash(3) databases

db [
-KiNqV
] [
-E endian
] [
-f infile
] [
-O outsep
] [
-S visitem
] [
-T visspec
] type dbfile [
key [
...
]
]
db -d [
-iNq
] [
-E endian
] [
-f infile
] [
-U unvisitem
] type dbfile [
key [
...
]
]

db -w [
-CDiNqR
] [
-E endian
] [
-F insep
] [
-f infile
] [
-m mode
] [
-U unvisitem
] type dbfile [
key value [
...
]
]

db allows manipulation of btree(3) and hash(3) (db(3)) databases.
db has three modes of operation to perform upon dbfile:
read
Displays the given keys, and keys described in infile. If no keys and no infile is specified, the entire database is displayed. This is the default mode of operation.
delete
Enabled with -d. Deletes the given keys, and keys described in infile.
write
Enabled with -w. Writes the given keys and values, and keys and values described in infile (in the latter case, entries are separated by insep).
There are two mandatory arguments: type is the database type; either ‘btree’ or ‘hash’, and dbfile is the database file to manipulate.
Options valid for all modes are:
endian
Set the endianness of the database. endian may be one of:
B
Big endian
H
Host endian
L
Little endian
Defaults to ‘H’ (host endian).
infile
Contains a list of keys (for read and delete), or insep separated keys and values (for write) to be used as arguments to the given mode. If infile is ‘-’, stdin is used.
Keys are converted to lower case before manipulation.
Do not include the NUL byte at the end of the key or value.
Quiet operation. In read mode, missing keys are not considered to be an error. In delete (-d) and write (-w) modes, the result of various operations is suppressed.
Read mode specific options are:
Display key.
outsep
Field separator string between key and value. Defaults to a single tab (‘\t’).
visitem
Specify items to strvis(3) encode. The visitem option-argument is a character specifying if the key (k), the value (v) or both (b) should be encoded.
visspec
Control how the items specified by the -S option are encoded. The visspec option-argument is a string specifying strvis(3) options. The string consists of the specification characters b, c, o, s, t, and w. See vis(1)'s corresponding options for the meaning of these characters.
Display value.
(If neither of -K or -V is given, both options are enabled.)
Write mode specific options are:
Create new database, and truncate existing databases.
Allow duplicate entries. (Requires -R to be useful.)
insep
Input field separator string between key and value used when parsing infile. Defaults to a single space (‘ ’).
mode
Octal mode of created database. Defaults to ‘0644’.
Overwrite existing entries. If not specified, writing to an existing entry raises an error.
Write and delete mode specific options are:
unvisitem
Specify items to strunvis(3) decode. The unvisitem option-argument is a character specifying if the key (k), the value (v) or both (b) should be decoded.

vis(1), btree(3), db(3), hash(3), strunvis(3), strvis(3), svis(3), makemap(8)

The db command appeared in NetBSD 2.0.

Luke Mewburn ⟨lukem@NetBSD.org⟩.
June 20, 2005 FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE

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