GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  FILE::SPEC::UNIX (3)

.ds Aq ’

NAME

File::Spec::Unix - File::Spec for Unix, base for other File::Spec modules

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



 require File::Spec::Unix; # Done automatically by File::Spec



DESCRIPTION

Methods for manipulating file specifications. Other File::Spec modules, such as File::Spec::Mac, inherit from File::Spec::Unix and override specific methods.

METHODS

canonpath() No physical check on the filesystem, but a logical cleanup of a path. On UNIX eliminates successive slashes and successive /..



    $cpath = File::Spec->canonpath( $path ) ;



Note that this does *not* collapse x/../y sections into y. This is by design. If /foo on your system is a symlink to /bar/baz, then /foo/../quux is actually /bar/quux, not /quux as a naive ../-removal would give you. If you want to do this kind of processing, you probably want Cwd’s realpath() function to actually traverse the filesystem cleaning up paths like this.

catdir() Concatenate two or more directory names to form a complete path ending with a directory. But remove the trailing slash from the resulting string, because it doesn’t look good, isn’t necessary and confuses OS2. Of course, if this is the root directory, don’t cut off the trailing slash :-)
catfile Concatenate one or more directory names and a filename to form a complete path ending with a filename
curdir Returns a string representation of the current directory. . on UNIX.
devnull Returns a string representation of the null device. /dev/null on UNIX.
rootdir Returns a string representation of the root directory. / on UNIX.
tmpdir Returns a string representation of the first writable directory from the following list or the current directory if none from the list are writable:



    $ENV{TMPDIR}
    /tmp



If running under taint mode, and if $ENV{TMPDIR} is tainted, it is not used.

updir Returns a string representation of the parent directory. .. on UNIX.
no_upwards Given a list of file names, strip out those that refer to a parent directory. (Does not strip symlinks, only ’.’, ’..’, and equivalents.)
case_tolerant Returns a true or false value indicating, respectively, that alphabetic is not or is significant when comparing file specifications.
file_name_is_absolute Takes as argument a path and returns true if it is an absolute path.

This does not consult the local filesystem on Unix, Win32, OS/2 or Mac OS (Classic). It does consult the working environment for VMS (see file_name_is_absolute in File::Spec::VMS).

path Takes no argument, returns the environment variable PATH as an array.
join join is the same as catfile.
splitpath


    ($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path );
    ($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path,
                                                          $no_file );



Splits a path into volume, directory, and filename portions. On systems with no concept of volume, returns ’’ for volume.

For systems with no syntax differentiating filenames from directories, assumes that the last file is a path unless $no_file is true or a trailing separator or /. or /.. is present. On Unix this means that $no_file true makes this return ( ’’, $path, ’’ ).

The directory portion may or may not be returned with a trailing ’/’.

The results can be passed to catpath() to get back a path equivalent to (usually identical to) the original path.

splitdir The opposite of catdir().



    @dirs = File::Spec->splitdir( $directories );



$directories must be only the directory portion of the path on systems that have the concept of a volume or that have path syntax that differentiates files from directories.

Unlike just splitting the directories on the separator, empty directory names () can be returned, because these are significant on some OSs.

On Unix,



    File::Spec->splitdir( "/a/b//c/" );



Yields:



    ( , a, b, , c,  )



catpath() Takes volume, directory and file portions and returns an entire path. Under Unix, $volume is ignored, and directory and file are concatenated. A ’/’ is inserted if needed (though if the directory portion doesn’t start with ’/’ it is not added). On other OSs, $volume is significant.
abs2rel Takes a destination path and an optional base path returns a relative path from the base path to the destination path:



    $rel_path = File::Spec->abs2rel( $path ) ;
    $rel_path = File::Spec->abs2rel( $path, $base ) ;



If $base is not present or ’’, then cwd() is used. If $base is relative, then it is converted to absolute form using rel2abs(). This means that it is taken to be relative to cwd().

On systems that have a grammar that indicates filenames, this ignores the $base filename. Otherwise all path components are assumed to be directories.

If $path is relative, it is converted to absolute form using rel2abs(). This means that it is taken to be relative to cwd().

No checks against the filesystem are made, so the result may not be correct if $base contains symbolic links. (Apply Cwd::abs_path() beforehand if that is a concern.) On VMS, there is interaction with the working environment, as logicals and macros are expanded.

Based on code written by Shigio Yamaguchi.

rel2abs() Converts a relative path to an absolute path.



    $abs_path = File::Spec->rel2abs( $path ) ;
    $abs_path = File::Spec->rel2abs( $path, $base ) ;



If $base is not present or ’’, then cwd() is used. If $base is relative, then it is converted to absolute form using rel2abs(). This means that it is taken to be relative to cwd().

On systems that have a grammar that indicates filenames, this ignores the $base filename. Otherwise all path components are assumed to be directories.

If $path is absolute, it is cleaned up and returned using canonpath().

No checks against the filesystem are made. On VMS, there is interaction with the working environment, as logicals and macros are expanded.

Based on code written by Shigio Yamaguchi.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2004 by the Perl 5 Porters. All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Please submit bug reports and patches to perlbug@perl.org.

SEE ALSO

File::Spec
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index


perl v5.20.3 FILE::SPEC::UNIX (3) 2016-01-11

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.