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Manual Reference Pages  -  HTML::FORMHANDLER::MODEL (3)

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NAME

HTML::FormHandler::Model - default model base class

CONTENTS

VERSION

version 0.40065

SYNOPSIS

This class defines the base attributes for FormHandler model classes. It is not used directly.

DESCRIPTION

This is an empty base class that defines methods called by HTML::FormHandler to support interfacing forms with a data store such as a database.

This module provides instructions on methods to override to create a HTML::FormHandler::Model class to work with a specific object relational mapping (ORM) tool.

METHODS

    item, build_item

The item is initialized with build_item the first time $form->item is called. item must be defined in the model class to fetch the object based on the item id. It should return the item’s object. Column values are fetched and updated by calling methods on the returned object.

For example, with Class::DBI you might return:



    return $self->item_class->retrieve( $self->item_id );



    item_id

The id (primary key) of the item (object) that the form is updating or has just created. The model class should have a build_item method that can fetch the object from the item_class for this id.

    item_class

item_class sets and returns a value used by the model class to access the ORM class related to a form.

For example:



   has +item_class => ( default => User );



This gives the model class a way to access the data store. If this is not a fixed value (as above) then do not define the method in your subclass and instead set the value when the form is created:



    my $form = MyApp::Form::Users->new( item_class => $class );



The value can be any scalar (or object) needed by the specific ORM to access the data related to the form.

A builder for ’item_class’ might be to return the class of the ’item’.

    guess_field_type

Returns the guessed field type. The field name is passed as the first argument. This is only required if using Auto type of fields in your form classes. You could override this in your form class, for example, if you use a field naming convention that indicates the field type.

The metadata info about the columns can be used to assign types.

    lookup_options

Retrieve possible options for a given select field from the database. The default method returns undef.

Returns an array reference of key/value pairs for the column passed in. These values are used for the values and labels for field types that provide a list of options to select from (e.g. Select, Multiple).

A ’Select’ type field (or a field that inherits from HTML::FormHandler::Field::Select) can set a number of scalars that control how options are looked up:



    label_column()          - column that holds the label
    active_column()         - column that indicates if a row is acitve
    sort_column()           - column used for sorting the options



The default for label_column is name.

    validate_model

Validates fields that are dependent on the model. This is called via the validation process and the model class must at least validate unique constraints defined in the form class.

Any errors on a field found should be set by calling the field’s add_error method:



    $field->add_error(Value must be unique in the database);



The default method does nothing.

    clear_model

Clear out any dynamic data for persistent object

    update_model

Update the model with validated fields

AUTHOR

FormHandler Contributors - see HTML::FormHandler

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2016 by Gerda Shank.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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perl v5.20.3 HTML::FORMHANDLER::MODEL (3) 2016-03-20

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