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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  HTML::FROMTEXT (3)

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NAME

HTML::FromText - converts plain text to HTML

CONTENTS

VERSION

version 2.07

SYNOPSIS



    use HTML::FromText;
    text2html( $text, %options );

    # or

    use HTML::FromText ();
    my $t2h  = HTML::FromText->new( \%options );
    my $html = $t2h->parse( $html );



DESCRIPTION

HTML::FromText converts plain text to HTML. There are a handful of options that shape the conversion. There is a utility function, text2html, that’s exported by default. This function is simply a short- cut to the Object Oriented interface described in detail below.

METHODS

    new



    my $t2h = HTML::FromText->new({
        paras      => 1,
        blockcode  => 1,
        tables     => 1,
        bullets    => 1,
        numbers    => 1,
        urls       => 1,
        email      => 1,
        bold       => 1,
        underline  => 1,
    });



Constructs a new HTML::FromText object using the given configuration. The resulting object can parse lots of objects using the parse method.

Options to new are passed by name, with the value being either true or false. If true, the option will be turned on. If false, it will be turned off. The following outlines all the options.

Decorators
metachars This option is on by default.

All characters that are unsafe for HTML display will be encoded using HTML::Entities::encode_entities().

urls This option is off by default.

Replaces URLs with links.

email This option is off by default.

Replaces email addresses with mailto: links.

bold This option is off by default.

Replaces text surrounded by asterisks (*) with the same text surrounded by strong tags.

underline This option is off by default.

Replaces text surrownded by underscores (_) with the same text surrounded by span tags with an underline style.

Output Modes

The following are three output modes and the options associated with them. They are listed in order of precidence. If none of these modes are supplied, the basic decorators are applied to the text in whole.
<B>preB> This option is off by default.

Wraps the entire text in pre tags.

<B>linesB> This option is off by default.

Preserves line breaks by inserting br tags at the end of each line.

This mode has further options.
spaces This option is off by default.

All spaces are HTML encoded.

<B>parasB> This option is off by default.

Preserves paragraphs by wrapping them in p tags.

This mode has further options.
bullets This option is off by default.

Convert bulleted lists into unordered lists (ul). Bullets can be either an asterisk (*) or a hyphen (-). Lists can be nested.

numbers This option is off by default.

Convert numbered lists into ordered lists (ol). Numbered lists are identified by numerals. Lists may be nested.

headings This option is off by default.

Convert paragraphs identified as headings into HTML headings at the appropriate level. The heading 1. Top would be heading level one (h1). The heading 2.5.1. Blah would be heading level three (h3).

title This option is off by default.

Convert the first paragraph to a heading level one (h1).

tables This option is off by default.

Convert paragraphs identified as tables to HTML tables. Tables are two or more rows and two or more columns. Columns should be separated by two or more spaces.

The following options apply specifically to indented paragraphs. They are listed in order of precidence.
blockparas This option is off by default.

Convert indented paragraphs to block quotes using the blockquote tag.

blockquotes Convert indented paragraphs as blockparas would, but also preserving line breaks.
blockcode Convert indented paragraphs as blockquotes would, but also preserving spaces using pre tags.

    parse



  my $html = $t2h->parse( $text );



Parses text supplied as a single scalar string and returns the HTML as a single scalar string. All the tabs in your text will be expanded using Text::Tabs::expand().

FUNCTIONS

    text2html



    my $html = text2html(
                         $text,
                         urls  => 1,
                         email => 1,
                        );



Functional interface that just wraps the OO interface. This function is exported by default. If you don’t want it you can require the module or use it with an empty list.



    require HTML::FromText;
    # or ...
    use HTML::FromText ();



    Subclassing

<B>Note:B> At the time of this release, the internals of HTML::FromText are in a state of development and cannot be expected to stay the same from release to release. I expect that release version <B>3.00B> will be analogous to a 1.00 release of other software. This is because the current maintainer has rewritten this distribution from the ground up for the 2.x series. You have been warned.

The following methods may be used for subclassing HTML::FromText to create your own text to HTML conversions. Each of these methods is passed just one argument, the object ($self), unless otherwise stated.

The structure of $self is as follows for this release.



    {
     options => {
                 option_name => $value,
                 ...
                },
     text    => $text, # as passed to parse(), with tabs expanded
     html    => $html, # the HTML that will be returned from parse()
    }



pre

Used when pre mode is specified.

Should set $self->{html}.

Return value is ignored.

lines

Used when lines mode is specified.

Implements the spaces option internally when the option is set to a true value.

Should set $self->{html}.

Return value is ignored.

paras

Used when the paras mode is specified.

Splits $self->{text} into paragraphs internally and sets up $self->{paras} as follows.



    paras => {
              0 => {
                    text => $text, # paragraph text
                    html => $html, # paragraph html
                   },
              ... # and so on for all paragraphs
             },



Implements the title option internally when the option is turned on.

Converts any normal paragraphs to HTML paragraphs (surrounded by p tags) internally.

Should set $self->{html}.

Return value is ignored.

headings

Used to format headings when the headings option is turned on.

Return value is ignored.

bullets

Format bulleted lists when the bullets option is turned on.

Return value is ignored.

numbers

Format numbered lists when the numbers option is turned on.

Return value is ignored.

tables

Format tables when the tables option is turned on.

Return value is ignored.

blockparas

Used when the blockparas option is turned on.

Return value is ignored.

blockquotes

Used when the blockquotes option is turned on.

Return value is ignored.

blockcode

Used when the blockcode option is turned on.

Return value is ignored.

urls

Turn urls into links when urls option is turned on.

Should operate on $self->{html}.

Return value is ignored.

email

Turn email addresses into mailto: links when email option is turned on.

Should operate on $self->{html}.

Return value is ignored.

underline

Underline things between _underscores_ when underline option is turned on.

Should operate on $self->{html}.

Return value is ignored.

bold

Bold things between *asterisks* when bold option is turned on.

Should operate on $self->{html}.

Return value is ignored.

metachars

Encode meta characters when metachars option is turned on.

Should operate on $self->{html}.

Return value is ignored.

    Output

The output from HTML::FromText has been updated to pass XHTML 1.1 validation. Every HTML tag that should have a CSS class name does. They are prefixed with hft- and correspond to the names of the options to new() (or text2html()). For example hft-lines, hft-paras, and hft-urls.

One important note is the output for underline. Because the <u> tag is deprecated in this specification a span is used with a style attribute of text-decoration: underline. The class is hft- underline. If you want to override the text-decoration style in the CSS class you’ll need to do so like this.



    text-decoration: none !important;



SEE ALSO

text2html(1).

AUTHORS

o Ricardo SIGNES <rjbs@cpan.org>
o Casey West <casey@geeknest.com>
o Gareth Rees <garethr@cre.canon.co.uk>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2003 by Casey West.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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perl v5.20.3 HTML::FROMTEXT (3) 2013-07-14

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