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Jifty::Config(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Jifty::Config(3)
 

Jifty::Config - the configuration handler for Jifty

    # in your application
    my $app_name = Jifty->config->framework('ApplicationName');
    my $frobber  = Jifty->config->app('PreferredFrobnicator');
    # sub classing
    package MyApp::Config;
    use base 'Jifty::Config';
    sub post_load {
        my $self = shift;
        my $stash = $self->stash; # full config in a hash
        ... do something with options ...
        $self->stash( $stash ); # save config
    }
    1;

This class is automatically loaded during Jifty startup. It contains the configuration information loaded from the config.yml file (generally stored in the etc directory of your application, but see "load" for the details). This configuration file is stored in YAML format.
This configuration file contains two major sections named "framework" and "application". The framework section contains Jifty-specific configuration options and the application section contains whatever configuration options you want to use with your application. (I.e., if there's any configuration information your application needs to know at startup, this is a good place to put it.)
Usually you don't need to know anything about this class except app and framework methods and about various config files and order in which they are loaded what described in "load".

Get the framework configuration variable "VARIABLE".
    Jifty->config->framework('ApplicationName')

Get the application configuration variable "VARIABLE".
    Jifty->config->framework('MyOption');

Gets the configuration variable in the context "CONTEXT". The "CONTEXT" is a slash-separated list of hash keys. For example, the following might return "SQLite":
    contextual_get('/framework/Database', 'Driver')

In general, you never need to call this, just use:
  Jifty->config
in your application.
This class method instantiates a new "Jifty::Config" object.
PARAMHASH currently takes a single option
load_config
This boolean defaults to true. If true, "load" will be called upon initialization. Using this object without loading prevents sub-classing and only makes sense if you want to generate default config for a new jifty application or something like that.

Loads all config files for your application and initializes application level sub-class.
Called from new, takes no arguments, returns nothing interesting, but do the following:
Application config
Jifty first loads the main configuration file for the application, looking for the "JIFTY_CONFIG" environment variable or "etc/config.yml" under the application's base directory.
Vendor config
It uses the main configuration file to find a vendor configuration file -- if it doesn't find a framework variable named 'VendorConfig', it will use the "JIFTY_VENDOR_CONFIG" environment variable.
Site config
After loading the vendor configuration file (if it exists), the framework will look for a site configuration file, specified in either the framework's "SiteConfig" or the "JIFTY_SITE_CONFIG" environment variable. (Usually in "etc/site_config.yml".)
Test config(s)
After loading the site configuration file (if it exists), the framework will look for a test configuration file, specified in either the framework's "TestConfig" or the "JIFTY_TEST_CONFIG" environment variable.
Note that the test config may be drawn from several files if you use Jifty::Test. See the documentation of Jifty::Test::load_test_configs.
Options clobbering
Values in the test configuration will clobber the site configuration. Values in the site configuration file clobber those in the vendor configuration file. Values in the vendor configuration file clobber those in the application configuration file. (See "WHY SO MANY FILES" for a deeper search for truth on this matter.)
Guess defaults
Once we're all done loading from files, several defaults are assumed based on the name of the application -- see "guess".
Reblessing into application's sub-class
OK, config is ready. Rebless this object into "YourApp::Config" class and call "post_load" hook, so you can do some tricks detailed in "SUB-CLASSING".
Another hook
After we have the config file, we call the coderef in $Jifty::Config::postload, if it exists. This last bit is generally used by the test harness to do a little extra work.
SPECIAL PER-VALUE PROCESSING
If a value begins and ends with "%" (e.g., "%bin/foo%"), converts it with "Jifty::Util/absolute_path" to an absolute path. This is typically unnecessary, but helpful for configuration variables such as "MailerArgs" that only sometimes specify files.

Merges the given "NEW" hashref into the stash, with values taking precedence over pre-existing ones from "FALLBACK", which defaults to "stash". This also deals with special cases (MailerArgs, Handlers.View) where array reference contents should be replaced, not concatenated.

Helper hook for "SUB-CLASSING" and post processing config. At this point does nothing by default. That may be changed so do something like:
    sub post_load {
        my $self = shift;
        $self->post_load( @_ );
        ...
    }

Loads a YAML configuration file and returns a hashref to that file's data.

It's documented only for "SUB-CLASSING".
Returns the current config as a hash reference (see below). Plenty of code considers Jifty's config as a static thing, so don't mess with it in run-time.
    {
        framework => {
            ...
        },
        application => {
            ...
        },
    }
This method as well can be used to set a new config:
    $config->stash( $new_stash );

Attempts to guess (and return) a configuration hash based solely on what we already know. (Often, in the complete absence of a configuration file). It uses the name of the directory containing the Jifty binary as a default for "ApplicationName" if it can't find one.

Returns a default guessed config for a new application.
See Jifty::Script::App.

Takes an application's configuration as a hashref. Right now, it just sets up plugins that match an older jifty version's defaults

We have a couple default values that shouldn't be included in the "guessed" config, as that routine is used when initializing a new application. Generally, these are platform-specific file locations.

Template for sub-classing you can find in "SYNOPSIS".
Application config may have ApplicationClass or ApplicationName options, so it's important to understand that your class goes into game later. Read </load> to understand when "YourApp::Config" class is loaded.
Use "stash" method to get and/or change config.
"post_load" hook usually is all you want to (can :) ) sub class. Other methods most probably called before your class can operate.
Sub-classing may be useful for:
validation
For example check if file or module exists.
canonicalization
For example turn relative paths into absolute or translate all possible variants of an option into a canonical structure
generation
For example generate often used constructions based on other options, user of your app can even don't know about them
config upgrades
Jifty has ConfigVersion option you may want to implement something like that in your apps
Sub-classing is definitely not for:
default values
You have so many files to allow users of your app and you to override defaults.
anything else but configuration

The Jifty configuration can be loaded from many locations. This breakdown allows for configuration files to be layered on top of each other for advanced deployments.
This section hopes to explain the intended purpose of each configuration file.

The first configuration file loaded is the application configuration. This file provides the basis for the rest of the configuration loaded. The purpose of this file is for storing the primary application-specific configuration and defaults.
This can be used as the sole configuration file on a simple deployment. In a complex environment, however, this file may be considered read-only to be overridden by other files, allowing the later files to customize the configuration at each level.

The vendor configuration file is loaded and overrides settings in the application configuration. This is an intermediate level in the configuration. It overrides any defaults specified in the application configuration, but is itself overridden by the site configuration.
This provides an additional layer of abstraction for truly complicated deployments. A developer may provide a particular Jifty application (such as the Wifty wiki available from Best Practical Solutions) for download. A system administrator may have a standard set of configuration overrides to use on several different deployments that can be set using the vendor configuration, which can then be further overridden by each deployment using a site configuration. Several installations of the application might even share the vendor configuration file.

The site configuration allows for specific overrides of the application and vendor configuration. For example, a particular Jifty application might define all the application defaults in the application configuration file. Then, each administrator that has downloaded that application and is installing it locally might customize the configuration for a particular deployment using this configuration file, while leaving the application defaults intact (and, thus, still available for later reference). This can even override the vendor file containing a standard set of overrides.

Values from files loaded later take precedence; that is, Jifty's defaults are overridden by the application configuration file, then the vendor configuration file, then the site configuration file. At each step, the new values are merged into the old values using Hash::Merge. Specifically, arrays which exist in both old and new data structures are appended, and hashes are merged.
Some special rules apply, however:
If a key in a hash ends in "!", the normal merging rules do not apply; it simply overrides the equivalent non-"!" key's value.
Plugins from one file are merged into the plugin configuration from previous files if their plugin classes match. That is, if both config.yml and site_config.yml define a Jifty::Plugin::CompressedCSSandJS, rather than causing _two_ such plugins to be instantiated, the site_config.yml's plugin configuration keys will override those of config.yml.
This rule is only special because the "Plugins" key in Jifty's config is an arrayref, not a hashref on plugin class name, to allow for both template and dispatcher ordering, as well as the possibility of repeated plugins.

Jifty

Various folks at BestPractical Solutions, LLC.

Jifty is Copyright 2005-2010 Best Practical Solutions, LLC. Jifty is distributed under the same terms as Perl itself.
2013-02-19 perl v5.28.1

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