This is the constructor method. It creates a driver object on which
the run method is used to format the document specified. The main
arguments are source and output; the source argument is
required to specify the input document; output is only mandatory if
source is a scalar reference.
The full list of arguments is as follows:
The constructor performs sanity checking on the options and will die if the following conditions are detected:
The constructor method returns a driver object.
|run()||Format the document.|
|stderr||Holds the error output from subcommands, if the -capture_stderr option was passed to new().|
Returns a reference to a hash containing stats about the processing
that was performed, containing the following items:
Note: the return value will probably become an object in a future version of the module.
Removes temporary intermediate files from the document directory and
resets the stats.
Not yet implemented
|program_path($program_name, $opt_value)||Get or set the path to the named program. Can be used as a class method to set the default path or as an object method to set the path for that instance of the driver object.|
|run_latex||Runs the formatter (latex or pdflatex).|
|need_to_run_latex||Determines whether the formatter needs to be run.|
|reset_latex_required||Reset the flags that indicate whether latex needs to be re-run (invoked prior to each iteration of running any necessary commands).|
|run_bibtex||Runs bibtex to generate the bibliography.|
|need_to_run_bibtex||Determines whether bibtex needs to be run.|
|run_makeindex||Runs makeindex to generate the index.|
|need_to_run_makeindex||Determines whether makeindex needs to be run.|
|run_dvips||Runs dvips to generate postscript output from an intermediate .dvi file.|
|run_ps2pdf||Runs ps2pdf to generate PDF output from an intermediate PostScript file.|
|run_pdf2ps||Runs pdf2ps to generate PostScript output from an intermediate PDF file.|
|run_command||Run a command in a controlled environment, allowing for operating system differences.|
|copy_to_output||Copy the output to its final destination.|
|throw||Throw an exception.|
|debug||Print a debug message - the caller should test $DEBUG to determine whether to invoke this function.|
The following errors may be detected by the constructor method.
The following errors may be detected when the drivers run() method is called:
not available on XXX The module is not supported on MacOS, OS/2 or VMS (or on a host of other operating systems but these are the only ones that are explicitly tested for). no source specified The source parameter should be specified as the name of a LaTeX source file or it should be a reference to a scalar variable holding the LaTeX source document. source is an invalid reference source is a reference, but not a reference to a scalar variable source file XXX.tex does not exist The source file specified does not exist output directory DIR does not exist An output parameter was specified as a scalar value, which was taken as the name of the output file, but the directory part of the path does not exist. invalid output format XXX An output format was specified, either explicitly or implicitly as the extension of the output file, but the output format specified is not supported. cannot create temporary directory The module could not create the temporary directory, which is used if the source is not specified as a filename, and the output is not to be left in the same directory as the source, or if a temporary directory name is specified explicitly. cannot create temporary latex file The module has determined that it needs to create a temporary file containing the source document but it cannot. cannot copy XXX.ext to temporary directory The module was trying to copy the specified source file to the temporary directory but couldnt. Perhaps you specified the temporary directory name explicitly but the directory does not exist or is not writeable.
file XXX.tex does not exist The source file does not exist; it may have been removed between the time the constructor was called and the time that the driver was run. PROGRAM exited with errors: ERRORS The named program (latex or pdflatex) exited with the errors listed. You may have errors in your source file. bibtex FILE failed (EXITCODE) The bibtex program exited with errors. These are not fully parsed yet. failed to open BASEPATH.cit The driver generates its own temporary file listing the citations for a document, so that it can determine whether the citations have changed. This error indicates that it was unable to create the file. makeindex FILE failed (EXITCODE) The makeindex program exited with errors. These are not fully parsed yet. dvips FILE failed (EXITCODE) The dvips program exited with errors. These are not fully parsed yet. ps2pdf FILE failed (EXITCODE) The ps2pdf program exited with errors. These are not fully parsed yet. PROGNAME cannot be found, please specify its location The pathname for the specified program was not found in the modules configuration. The program may not have been found and the pathname not been explicitly specified when the module was installed. failed to copy FILE to OUTPUT The driver failed to copy the formatted file to the specified output location.
LaTeX::Driver depends on latex and friends being installed.
This is beta software - there are bound to be bugs and misfeatures. If you have any comments about this software I would be very grateful to hear them; email me at <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Among the things I am aware of are:
o I havent worked out how I am going to deal with tex-related environment variables.
o Look at how path variables could be specified to the filter (TEXINPUTS, TEXINPUTS_latex, TEXINPUTS_pdflatex, BIBINPUTS, etc), and how these should interact with the system paths. o Investigate pre- and post-processors and other auxiliary programs.
This module has its origins in the original latex filter that was part of Template Toolkit prior to version 2.16. That code was fairly simplistic; it created a temporary directory, copied the source text to a file in that directory, and ran either latex or pdflatex on the file once; if postscript output was requested then it would run dvips after running latex. This did not cope with documents that contained forward references, a table of contents, lists of figures or tables, bibliographies, or indexes.
The current module does not create a temporary directory for formatting the document; it is given the name and location of an existing LaTeX document and runs the latex programs in the directory specified (the Template Toolkit plugin will be modified to set up a temporary directory, copy the source text in, then run this module, extract the output and remove the temporary directory).
This section is aimed at a technical audience. It documents the internal methods and subroutines as a reference for the modules developers, maintainers and anyone interesting in understanding how it works. You dont need to know anything about them to use the module and can safely skip this section.
LaTeX documents can be formatted with latex or pdflatex; the former generates a .dvi file (device independent - TeXs native output format), which can be converted to PostScript or PDF; the latter program generates PDF directly.
finds inputs in TEXINPUTS, TEXINPUTS_latex, TEXINPUTS_pdflatex, etc
The standard program for generating indexes is makeindex, is a general purpose hierarchical index generator. makeindex accepts one or more input files (.idx), sorts the entries, and produces an output (.ind) file which can be formatted.
The style of the generated index is specified by a style file (.ist), which is found in the path specified by the INDEXSTYLE environment variable.
An alternative to makeindex is xindy, but that program is not widespread yet.
BiBTeX generates a bibliography for a LaTeX document. It reads the top-level auxiliary file (.aux) output during the running of latex and creates a bibliography file (.bbl) that will be incorporated into the document on subsequent runs of latex. It looks up the entries specified by \cite and \nocite commands in the bibliographic database files (.bib) specified by the \bibliography commands. The entries are formatted according to instructions in a bibliography style file (.bst), specified by the \bibliographystyle command.
Bibliography style files are searched for in the path specified by the BSTINPUTS environment variable; for bibliography files it uses the BIBINPUTS environment variable. System defaults are used if these environment variables are not set.
The dvips program takes a DVI file produced by TeX and converts it to PostScript.
The ps2pdf program invokes Ghostscript to converts a PostScript file to PDF.
Commands are executed with cmd.exe. The syntax is:
cmd /c "cd $dir && $program $args"
This changes to the specified directory and executes the program there, without affecting the working directory of the the Perl process.
Need more information on how to set environment variables for the invoked programs.
This is a placeholder for information not yet incorporated into the rest of the document.
May want to mention the kpathsea library, the kpsewhich program, the web2c TeX distribution, TeX live, tetex, TeX on Windows, etc.
Andrew Ford <email@example.com>
Copyright (C) 2009-2011 Ford & Mason Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
Copyright (C) 2007 Andrew Ford. All Rights Reserved.
This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
Template::Plugin::Latex, latex(1), makeindex(1), bibtex(1), dvips(1), The dvips manual
There are a number of books and other documents that cover LaTeX:
o The LaTeX Companion o Web2c manual
|perl v5.20.3||LATEX::DRIVER (3)||2013-10-29|