Manual Reference Pages - PARL (1)
parl - Binary PAR Loader
(Please see pp for convenient ways to make self-contained
executables, scripts or PAR archives from perl programs.)
To make a PAR distribution from a CPAN module distribution:
% parl -p # make a PAR dist under the current path
% parl -p Foo-0.01 # assume unpacked CPAN dist in Foo-0.01/
To manipulate a PAR distribution:
% parl -i Foo-0.01-i386-freebsd-5.8.0.par # install
% parl -i http://foo.com/Foo-0.01 # auto-appends archname + perlver
% parl -i cpan://AUTRIJUS/PAR-0.74 # uses CPAN author directory
% parl -u Foo-0.01-i386-freebsd-5.8.0.par # uninstall
% parl -s Foo-0.01-i386-freebsd-5.8.0.par # sign
% parl -v Foo-0.01-i386-freebsd-5.8.0.par # verify
To use Hello.pm from ./foo.par:
% parl -A./foo.par -MHello
% parl -A./foo -MHello # the .par part is optional
Same thing, but search foo.par in the @INC;
% parl -Ifoo.par -MHello
% parl -Ifoo -MHello # ditto
Run test.pl or script/test.pl from foo.par:
% parl foo.par test.pl # looks for main.pl by default,
# otherwise run test.pl
To make a self-containing executable containing a PAR file :
% parl -O./foo foo.par
% ./foo test.pl # same as above
To embed the necessary non-core modules and shared objects for PARs
execution (like Zlib, IO, Cwd, etc), use the <B>-bB> flag:
% parl -b -O./foo foo.par
% ./foo test.pl # runs anywhere with core modules installed
If you also wish to embed core modules along, use the <B>-BB> flag
% parl -B -O./foo foo.par
% ./foo test.pl # runs anywhere with the perl interpreter
This is particularly useful when making stand-alone binary
executables; see pp for details.
This stand-alone command offers roughly the same feature as perl
-MPAR, except that it takes the pre-loaded .par files via
-Afoo.par instead of -MPAR=foo.par.
Additionally, it lets you convert a CPAN distribution to a PAR
distribution, as well as manipulate such distributions. For more
information about PAR distributions, see PAR::Dist.
You can use it to run .par files:
# runs script/run.pl in archive, uses its lib/* as libraries
% parl myapp.par run.pl # runs run.pl or script/run.pl in myapp.par
% parl otherapp.pl # also runs normal perl scripts
However, if the .par archive contains either main.pl or
script/main.pl, it is used instead:
% parl myapp.par run.pl # runs main.pl, with run.pl as @ARGV
Finally, the -O option makes a stand-alone binary executable from a
% parl -B -Omyapp myapp.par
% ./myapp # run it anywhere without perl binaries
With the --par-options flag, generated binaries can act as parl
to pack new binaries:
% ./myapp --par-options -Omyap2 myapp.par # identical to ./myapp
% ./myapp --par-options -Omyap3 myap3.par # now with different PAR
For an explanation of stand-alone executable format, please see par.pl.
PAR, PAR::Dist, par.pl, pp
Audrey Tang <firstname.lastname@example.org>
You can write
to the mailing list at <email@example.com>, or send an empty mail to
<firstname.lastname@example.org> to participate in the discussion.
Please submit bug reports to <email@example.com>.
Copyright 2002-2009 by Audrey Tang
Neither this program nor the associated pp program impose any
licensing restrictions on files generated by their execution, in
accordance with the 8th article of the Artistic License:
"Aggregation of this Package with a commercial distribution is
always permitted provided that the use of this Package is embedded;
that is, when no overt attempt is made to make this Packages
interfaces visible to the end user of the commercial distribution.
Such use shall not be construed as a distribution of this Package."
Therefore, you are absolutely free to place any license on the resulting
executable, as long as the packed 3rd-party libraries are also available
under the Artistic License.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.
|perl v5.20.3 ||PARL (1) ||2015-12-14 |
Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.