GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Linux VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  - MD5 (1)

NAME

md5, sha1, sha256, rmd160 - calculate a message-digest fingerprint (checksum) for a file

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Exit Status
See Also
Acknowledgments

SYNOPSIS

md5 [-pqrtx] [-s string] [] sha1 [-pqrtx] [-s string] [] sha256 [-pqrtx] [-s string] [] rmd160 [-pqrtx] [-s string] []

DESCRIPTION

The md5, sha1, sha256 and rmd160 utilities take as input a message of arbitrary length and produce as output a "fingerprint" or "message digest" of the input. It is conjectured that it is computationally infeasible to produce two messages having the same message digest, or to produce any message having a given prespecified target message digest. The MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256 and RIPEMD-160 algorithms are intended for digital signature applications, where a large file must be "compressed" in a secure manner before being encrypted with a private (secret) key under a public-key cryptosystem such as RSA.

MD5 has not yet (2001-09-03) been broken, but sufficient attacks have been made that its security is in some doubt. The attacks on MD5 are in the nature of finding "collisions" — that is, multiple inputs which hash to the same value; it is still unlikely for an attacker to be able to determine the exact original input given a hash value.

The following options may be used in any combination and must precede any files named on the command line. The hexadecimal checksum of each file listed on the command line is printed after the options are processed.
-s string
  Print a checksum of the given string.
-p Echo stdin to stdout and append the checksum to stdout.
-q Quiet mode - only the checksum is printed out. Overrides the -r option.
-r Reverses the format of the output. This helps with visual diffs. Does nothing when combined with the -ptx options.
-t Run a built-in time trial.
-x Run a built-in test script.

EXIT STATUS

The md5, sha1, sha256 and rmd160 utilities exit 0 on success, and 1 if at least one of the input files could not be read.

SEE ALSO

cksum(1), md5(3), ripemd(3), sha(3), sha256(3)
.Rs The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm
.Re
.Rs The Secure Hash Standard
.Re
.Rs US Secure Hash Algorithm 1
.Re

RIPEMD-160 is part of the ISO draft standard "ISO/IEC DIS 10118-3" on dedicated hash functions.

Secure Hash Standard (SHS): http://csrc.nist.gov/cryptval/shs.html.

The RIPEMD-160 page: http://www.esat.kuleuven.ac.be/~bosselae/ripemd160.html.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This program is placed in the public domain for free general use by RSA Data Security.

Support for SHA-1 and RIPEMD-160 has been added by
.An Oliver Eikemeier Aq eik@FreeBSD.org .

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index


June 6, 2004 MD5 (1)

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.