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OWN(9) FreeBSD Kernel Developer's Manual OWN(9)

own, own_send_command, own_commmand_wait, own_self_command, own_acquire_bus, own crc, own_release_bus, OWN_ACQUIRE_BUS, OWN_CRC, OWN_RELEASE_BUS, OWN_SEND_COMMAND
Dallas Semiconductor 1-Wire Network and Transport Interface

#include <sys/bus.h>
#include <dev/ow/own.h>
own_send_command(device_t pdev, struct ow_cmd *cmd);
own_command_wait(device_t pdev, struct ow_cmd *cmd);
own_self_command(device_t pdev, struct ow_cmd *cmd, uint8_t xpt_cmd);
own_acquire_bus(device_t pdev, int how);
own_release_bus(device_t pdev);
own_crc(device_t pdev, uint8_t *buffer, size_t len);
OWN_SEND_COMMAND(device_t ndev, device_t pdev, struct ow_cmd *cmd);
OWN_ACQUIRE_BUS(device_t ndev, device_t pdev, int how);
OWN_RELEASE_BUS(device_t ndev, device_t pdev);
OWN_CRC(device_t ndev, device_t pdev, uint8_t *buffer, size_t len);

The own interface defines three sets of functions for interacting with 1-Wire devices: sending commands, reserving the bus, and ensuring data integrity. Wrappers are provided for the raw OWN kobj(9) interfaces and should be used for improved safety over the kobj(9) ones.

The 1-Wire bus defines different layers of access to the devices on the bus. The own functions provide access to the network and transport layers. The network layer designates the next command as being either for all devices on the bus, or for a specific device. The network layer also specifies the speed used by the link layer.
struct ow_cmd encapsulates network access, speed, and timing information. It specifies the commands to send and whether or not to read data. Its members are:
Flags controlling the interpretation of the structure. These flags are defined in <dev/ow/ow.h>:
Send xpt_cmd bytes and read xpt_read bytes at overdrive speed.
Interpret xpt_read_len to be in bits to be read after xpt_cmd rather than bytes.
ROM command bytes to send.
Number of ROM command bytes to send.
Number of bytes to read after sending the ROM command.
Buffer for bytes read after the ROM command.
Transport command to send.
Length of the transport command bytes to send. Specify 0 for no transport command.
Number of bytes to read after xpt_cmd bytes are sent. If the OW_FLAG_READ_BIT bit is set in flags, then it is the number of bits to read. Bits read are packed into bytes.
Buffer for data read.
own_command_wait() acquires the 1-Wire bus, waiting if necessary, sends the command, and then releases the bus. own_send_command() sends the command without bus reservation. pdev is the client device (the presentation layer device) sending the command. The cmd argument describes the transaction to send to the 1-Wire bus.
own_self_command() fills in cmd with a MATCH_ROM ROM command, the ROM address of pdev and the xpt_cmd as a convenient way to create directed commands.

The 1-Wire system includes an advisory lock for the bus that presentation layer devices can use to coordinate access. Locking is purely advisory at this time.
own_acquire_bus() reserves the bus. It waits indefinitely if the how argument is OWN_WAIT and returns the error EWOULDBLOCK if passed OWN_DONTWAIT when the bus is owned by another client.
own_release_bus() releases the bus.

own_crc() computes the 1-Wire standard CRC function over the data passed in buffer and len and returns the result.

The 1-Wire standard (Maxim AN937) defines layers that are akin to ISO networking layers. The lowest relevant layer, the link layer, defines the polling windows and the timing of the signaling of different modes. The network layer is built on top of the link layer and is used to address devices in a unicast or multicast manner. The transport layer defines commands and responses from the devices. The presentation layer is composed of the device specific commands and actions used to control the specific 1-Wire devices on bus.
These interfaces are implemented by the ow(4) device. Presentation layer devices (children of the newbus ow(4) device) should only call the functions described here. The functionality provided by the owc(4) device (specifically the owll(9) interface) should only be called by the ow(4) driver.

ow(4), owc(4), owll(9)

1-Wire is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.

The own driver first appeared in FreeBSD 11.0.

The own device driver and this manual page were written by Warner Losh.
July 20, 2015 FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE

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