Manual Reference Pages - AESPIPE (1)
aespipe - AES encrypting or decrypting pipe
aespipe [options] <inputfile >outputfile
aespipe reads from standard input and writes to standard output. It can be used to
create and restore encrypted tar or cpio archives. It can be used to encrypt
and decrypt loop-AES compatible encrypted disk images.
aespipe encrypts and decrypts blocks of data. If you are looking for general purpose
encrypting tool that preserves data size at byte granularity, then please
take a look at GnuPG.
The AES cipher is used in CBC (cipher block chaining) mode. Data is
encrypted and decrypted in 512 byte chains.
aespipe supports three key setup modes; single-key, multi-key-v2 and multi-key-v3
modes. Single-key mode uses simple sector IV and one AES key to encrypt and
decrypt all data sectors. Multi-key-v2 mode uses cryptographically more
secure MD5 IV and 64 different AES keys to encrypt and decrypt data sectors.
In multi-key mode first key is used for first sector, second key for second
sector, and so on. Multi-key-v3 is same as multi-key-v2 except is uses one
extra 65th key as additional input to MD5 IV computation. See -K option for
more information about how to enable multi-key-v3 mode.
Recommended key setup mode is multi-key-v3, which is based on gpg encrypted
key files. In this mode, the passphrase is protected against optimized
dictionary attacks via salting and key iteration of gpg. Passphrase length
should be 20 characters or more.
Single-key mode preserves input size at 16 byte granularity. Multi-key mode
preserves input size at 512 byte granularity. If input size is not multiple
of 16 or 512 bytes, input data is padded with null bytes so that both input
and output sizes are multiples of 16 or 512 bytes.
If "ulimit -l" is set to "unlimited" then
aespipe attempts to lock its RAM so that encryption keys do not leak to unencrypted
swap. If "ulimit -l" is something other than "unlimited" then
aespipe will proceed without locked RAM.
Read passphrase of gpg encrypted key file from gpg-agent instead of the
terminal. aespipe runs gpg to decrypt a key file, and gpg talks to gpg-agent
using gpgAgentSocket. Usually this data is in GPG_AGENT_INFO
environment variable. The environment that is passed to gpg is very minimal.
Normally gpg passes some environment variables to gpg-agent, but in this
case, there arent any. For best results, you may want to configure
gpg-agent so that it "keeps" and uses its own environment. Defining
"keep-tty", "keep-display" and "pinentry-program" in
$HOME/.gnupg/gpg-agent.conf configuration file is a good start.
Runs hashed passphrase through itercountk thousand iterations of AES-256
before using it for data encryption. This consumes lots of CPU cycles at
program start time but not thereafter. In combination with passphrase seed
this slows down dictionary attacks. Iteration is not done in multi-key mode.
Decrypt data. If this option is not specified, default operation is to
Following encryption types are recognized: AES128 (default), AES192
and AES256. Encryption type names are case insensitive. AES128 defaults to
using SHA-256 passphrase hash, AES192 defaults to using SHA-384 passphrase hash,
and AES256 defaults to using SHA-512 passphrase hash.
Set gpg home directory to gpghome, so that gpg uses public/private
keys on gpghome directory. This is only used when gpgkey file needs to
be decrypted using public/private keys. If gpgkey file is encrypted with
symmetric cipher only, public/private keys are not required and this option
has no effect.
Uses phash function to hash passphrase. Available hash functions are
sha256, sha384, sha512 and rmd160. unhashed1 and unhashed2 functions also
exist for compatibility with some obsolete implementations. Hash type names
are case insensitive.
Passphrase is piped to gpg so that gpg can decrypt file gpgkey which
contains the real keys that are used to encrypt data. If decryption requires
public/private keys and gpghome is not specified, all users use their own
gpg public/private keys to decrypt gpgkey. Decrypted gpgkey
should contain 1 or 64 or 65 keys, each key at least 20 characters and
separated by newline. If decrypted gpgkey contains 64 or 65 keys, then
aespipe is put to multi-key mode. 65th key, if present, is used as
additional input to MD5 IV computation.
Set IV offset in 512 byte units. Default is zero. Data is encrypted in 512
byte CBC chains and each 512 byte chain starts with IV whose computation
depends on offset within the data. This option can be used to start
encryption or decryption in middle of some existing encrypted disk image.
Read the passphrase from file descriptor fdnumber instead of the
terminal. If -K option is not being used (no gpg key file), then aespipe
attempts to read 65 keys from passwdfd, each key at least 20
characters and separated by newline. If aespipe successfully reads 64 or 65
keys, then aespipe is put to multi-key mode. If aespipe encounters
end-of-file before 64 keys are read, then only first key is used in
Read the passphrase from file cleartextkey instead of the terminal. If
-K option is not being used (no gpg key file), then aespipe attempts to read
65 keys from cleartextkey, each key at least 20 characters and
separated by newline. If aespipe successfully reads 64 or 65 keys, then
aespipe is put to multi-key mode. If aespipe encounters end-of-file before
64 keys are read, then only first key is used in single-key mode. If both -p
and -P options are used, then -p option takes precedence. These are
aespipe -p3 -K foo.gpg -e AES128 ... 3<someFileName
aespipe -P someFileName -K foo.gpg -e AES128 ...
In first line of above example, in addition to normal open file descriptors
(0==stdin 1==stdout 2==stderr), shell opens the file and passes open file
descriptor to started aespipe program. In second line of above example,
aespipe opens the file itself.
Be quiet and dont complain about write errors.
Sets encryption passphrase seed pseed which is appended to user supplied
passphrase before hashing. Using different seeds makes dictionary attacks
slower but does not prevent them if user supplied passphrase is guessable.
Seed is not used in multi-key mode.
Asks passphrase twice instead of just once.
Verbose mode. Prints diagnostics to stderr about key length, single/multi
key mode, and selected code optimizations (x86/amd64/padlock/intelaes).
Wait number seconds before asking passphrase.
aespipe returns 0 on success, nonzero on failure.
Source is available from http://loop-aes.sourceforge.net/
|LINUX ||AESPIPE (1) ||February 23 2011 |
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