Sets the maximum prefix length for entries read from stdin
max_length bits. The default is 32. Prefixes with longer lengths will be
discarded prior to processing.
Sets the maximum prefix length for optimisation to
max-opt-length bits. The default is 32. Prefixes with longer lengths will not
be subject to optimisation.
Sets the default prefix length. There is no default; without
this option a prefix without a mask length is treated as invalid.
-p 32 -m 32 -o 32 to aggregate a list of host routes specified as bare addresses,
Sets quiet mode -- instructs
aggregate never to generate warning messages or other output on stderr.
Silently truncate prefixes that seem to have an inconsistent
prefix: e.g. an input prefix 22.214.171.124/24 would be truncated
to 126.96.36.199/24. Without this option an input prefix
188.8.131.52/24 would not be accepted, and a warning about
the inconsistent mask would be generated.
|-v||Sets verbose mode. This changes the output format to display the source line number that the prefix was obtained from, together with a preceding "-" to indicate a route that can be suppressed, or a "+" to indicate a shorter-prefix aggregate that was added by aggregate as an adjacency optimisation. Note that verbose output continues even if -q is selected.|
Aggregate exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
The following list of prefixes:
is optimised as followed by aggregate (output shown using the -v flag):
aggregate: maximum prefix length permitted will be 24
[ 0] + 184.108.40.206/21
[ 1] - 220.127.116.11/22
[ 2] - 18.104.22.168/22
[ 3] 22.214.171.124/22
[ 4] 126.96.36.199/22
[ 5] 188.8.131.52/22
[ 0] + 184.108.40.206/21
[ 6] - 220.127.116.11/22
[ 7] - 18.104.22.168/22
[ 8] - 22.214.171.124/23
[ 9] 126.96.36.199/19
[ 10] 188.8.131.52/21
[ 0] + 184.108.40.206/15
[ 11] - 220.127.116.11/16
[ 12] - 18.104.22.168/16
Note that 22.214.171.124/22 and 126.96.36.199/22 were combined under the single prefix 188.8.131.52/21, and 184.108.40.206/23 was suppressed because it was included in 220.127.116.11/22. The number in square brackets at the beginning of each line indicates the original line number, or zero for new prefixes that were introduced by aggregate.
The output without the -v flag is as follows:
Aggregate was written by Joe Abley <email@example.com>, and has been reasonably well tested. It is suitable for reducing customer prefix filters for production use without extensive hand-proving of results.
Autoconf bits were donated by Michael Shields <firstname.lastname@example.org>. The -t option was suggested by Robin Johnson <email@example.com>, and the treatment of leading zeros on octet parsing was changed following comments from Arnold Nipper <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
An early version of aggregate would attempt to combine adjacent prefixes regardless of whether the first prefix lay on an appropriate bit boundary or not (pointed out with great restraint by Robert Noland <email@example.com>).
Common unix parsing of IPv4 addresses understands the representation of individual octets in octal or hexadecimal, following a "0" or "0x" prefix, respectively. That convention has been deliberately disabled here, since resources such as the IRR do not follow the convention, and confusion can result.
For extremely sensitive applications, judicious use of the -v option together with a pencil and paper is probably advisable.
|Joe Abley||AGGREGATE (1)||2001 November 2|