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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  COMM (1)

NAME

comm - select or reject lines common to two files

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Environment
Exit Status
See Also
Standards
History

SYNOPSIS

comm [-123i] file1 file2

DESCRIPTION

The comm utility reads file1 and file2, which should be sorted lexically, and produces three text columns as output: lines only in file1; lines only in file2; and lines in both files.

The filename ‘‘-’’ means the standard input.

The following options are available:
-1 Suppress printing of column 1, lines only in file1.
-2 Suppress printing of column 2, lines only in file2.
-3 Suppress printing of column 3, lines common to both.
-i Case insensitive comparison of lines.

Each column will have a number of tab characters prepended to it equal to the number of lower numbered columns that are being printed. For example, if column number two is being suppressed, lines printed in column number one will not have any tabs preceding them, and lines printed in column number three will have one.

The comm utility assumes that the files are lexically sorted; all characters participate in line comparisons.

ENVIRONMENT

The LANG, LC_ALL, LC_COLLATE, and LC_CTYPE environment variables affect the execution of comm as described in environ(7).

EXIT STATUS


.Ex -std

SEE ALSO

cmp(1), diff(1), sort(1), uniq(1)

STANDARDS

The comm utility conforms to -p1003.2-92.

The -i option is an extension to the POSIX standard.

HISTORY

A comm command appeared in AT&T v4 .
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