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Manual Reference Pages  -  DUNST (1)

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dunst - A customizable and lightweight notification-daemon



dunst [-geometry geom] [-shrink shrink] [-fn font] [-nf/nb/lf/lb/cf/cb color] [-to/nto/lto/cto secs] [-format fmt] [-key key] [-mod mod] [-mon n] [-t/title title] [-c/class class] [-v]


Dunst is a highly configurable and lightweight notification daemon.


-h/--help display help message.
-fn font defines the font or font set used.
-lb/nb/cb color defines the background color of low/normal/critical messages.
-lf/nf/cf color defines the foreground color of low/normal/critical messages.
-to secs defines the default timeout. Can be (partially) overridden by the following options.
-lto/nto/cto secs timeouts for low/normal/critical messages.
-key key remove notification by pressing key.
-all_key key remove all notifications by pressing key.
-history_key key redisplay last notification by pressing key.
-format fmt defines the format of the message. See FORMAT.
-mon n show the notification on monitor n.
-follow mode display notifications on focused monitor. Possible options are mouse to follow the mouse cursor, keyboard to follow the window with the keyboard focus and none to disable focus following. mouse and keyboard overwrite the -mon option.
-s sort messages by urgency.
-ns don’t sort messages by urgency.
-geometry [{width}]x{height}][+/-{x}+/-{y}] The geometry of the message window. The height is measured in lines everything else in pixels. If the width is omitted but the height is given (-geometry x2), the message window expands over the whole screen (dmenu-like). If width is 0, the window expands to the longest message displayed. A positive x is measured from the left, a negative from the right side of the screen. Y is measured from the top and down respectevly. see also EXAMPLES show the notification on monitor n.
-t/-title title Define the title of notification windows spawned by dunst.
-t/-class class Define the class of notification windows spawned by dunst.
-shrink Shrink window if it’s smaller than the width. Will be ignored if width is 0.
-lh/-line_height height The height of a single line in pixel. If the height is smaller than the font height, it will get raised to the font height.
-print Print notifications to stdout. This might be useful for logging, setting up rules or using the output in other scripts.
-v/--version print version information.
-config file use alternative config file.


fmt is a string containing placeholders. The placeholders will be replaced with the corresponding text, or if the text is not present, nothing. Possible placeholders are:
%a appname
%s summary
%b body
%i iconname (including its path)
%I iconname (without its path)
%p progress value ([ 0%] to [100%])


Every option that needs a color as argument accepts #RGB, #RRGGBB and X color names.


dunst is able to get different colors for a message via notify-send. In order to do that you have to add a hint via the -h option. The progress value can be set with a hint, too.
notify-send -h string:fgcolor:#ff4444
notify-send -h string:bgcolor:#4444ff -h string:fgcolor:#ff4444
notify-send -h int:value:42 ‘‘Working ...’’


Dunst can be paused by sending a notification with a summary of DUNST_COMMAND_PAUSE and resumed with a summary of DUNST_COMMAND_RESUME. Alternatively you can send SIGUSR1 and SIGUSR2 to pause and unpause respectivly. For Example:
killall -SIGUSR1 dunst # pause
killall -SIGUSR2 dunst # resume
When paused dunst will not display any notifications but keep all notifications in a queue. This can for example be wrapped around a screen locker (i3lock, slock) to prevent flickering of notifications through the lock and to read all missed notifications after returning to the computer.


An example configuration file is included (usually /usr/share/dunst/dunstrc). To change the configuration, copy this file to ~/.config/dunst/dunstrc and edit it accordingly.


written by Sascha Kruse <>


copyright 2013 Sascha Kruse and contributors (see LICENSE for licensing information)

If you feel that copyrights are violated, please send me an email.


dwm(1), dmenu(1), twmn(1), notify-send(1)
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DUNST (1) 2014-07-29

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