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Manual Reference Pages  -  FTIMES-CRV2RAW (1)

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NAME - Carve blocks of data and assemble them into raw files


SYNOPSIS [-FmU] [-d dir] [-e limit] [-i count] -f {file|-}


This utility carves blocks of data and assembles them into raw files. Input is taken from a ’.crv’ file, which has the following format:


name This field contains the URL-encoded name of the subject file. This is the file that contains the data you wish to carve. This field must conform to the following syntax:


If your ’.crv’ file does not use URL-encoded name fields, you should also specify the -U option to disable automatic URL-decoding. If only a name is specified, the corresponding subject file must reside in the current working directory. Both relative and full paths are supported.

Note: The quotes in the above syntax are a required part of the field.

type This field specifies the file type that is being carved from the subject. The value for this field is used as an extension, and it is appended to the end of the output filename. Type values are restricted to the following character set: [0-9A-Za-z_.-]
offset This field specifies the SOF (Start Of File) offset (in bytes) relative to the beginning of the subject file. The value for this field is used as a suffix, and it is appended to the end of the output filename.
unit_size This field specifies the unit size (in bytes) of the blocks in the range_list. This value must be one or a nonzero multiple of two.
range_list This field contains a comma delimited (with no intervening whitespace) list of blocks or ranges that are to be carved. The required syntax is as follows:


As a convenience, a value may contain the %LAST token. Prior to the carve operation, this value will be replaced with the actual offset of the last block. Note, however, that the resulting expression must still represent a valid range list.

If a lower range value is specified without a corresponding upper range value, the lower and upper values are assumed to be equal. For example, the following range list:


is equivalent to:


The amount of data that will be carved for a given range is computed as follows:

    carve_amount = (upper - lower + 1) * unit_size

Range lists are carved on a FIFO basis. This makes it possible to assemble carved blocks in any arbitrary order — simply specify the desired carve order when creating the ’.crv’ file. For example, given a unit_size of one and the following range list:


the carver will extract and assemble bytes 512-1023 first, bytes 0-511 second, and bytes 1024-1535 third. Effectively, this represents a block ordering of 2,1,3. This stands in contrast to the following range list, which has a block ordering of 1,2,3:



-d dir Specifies the name of the output directory. This is where carved files will be stored. If no directory is specified, a default directory called ’carve_tree’ is created in the current working directory. Carved output files are stored in directories/files that are derived from the subject name (and path) with intermediate directories being created as necessary. The leading path prefix, if any, is removed in the process so that all output files are contained within the carve tree. For example, the following input:


will yield the following carve tree:

      + evidence_locker_1
      |   |
      |   - subject_1_26214400.doc (10752 bytes)
      + evidence_locker_2
          - subject_1_23533568.doc (10752 bytes)
          - (52909 bytes)

Note: Unless the -F is specified, this utility will abort if a file in the output directory already exists.

-e limit Specifies the number of errors to allow before the carver will abort. The default value is 1. A value of zero means do not impose an error limit.
-F Force existing output files to be overwritten.
-f {file|-} Specifies the name of the input file. A value of ’-’ will cause input to be read from stdin.
-i count Specifies the number of input lines to ignore. By default, no lines are ignored.
-m Causes the carver to display various map attributes for each file carved. This output is roughly equivalent to the following FTimes FieldMask:


However, there are two differences between this output and regular FTimes output: the name field is not URL-encoded, and it may be specified as a relative path (depending on how it was specified in the ’.crv’ file).

-U Do not attempt to URL-decode filenames — i.e., assume that they are not encoded. This option is useful when you want to supply input from a source other than FTimes-based utilities, which typically URL-encode filenames.


Klayton Monroe




All documentation and code are distributed under same terms and conditions as FTimes.
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