|o||A blank line matches no files, so it can serve as a separator for readability. To append a blank line use empty quotes "".|
|o||A line starting with # serves as a comment. For example, "# This is a comment"|
|o||An optional prefix ! which negates the pattern; any matching file excluded by a previous pattern will become included again. If a negated pattern matches, this will override lower precedence patterns sources. To use an exclamation ! as command line argument it is best placed between single quotes ''. For example, '!src'|
|o||If the pattern ends with a slash, it is removed for the purpose of the following description, but it would only find a match with a directory. In other words, foo/ will match a directory foo and paths underneath it, but will not match a regular file or a symbolic link foo (this is consistent with the way how pathspec works in general in git).|
|o||If the pattern does not contain a slash /, git treats it as a shell glob pattern and checks for a match against the pathname relative to the location of the .gitignore file (relative to the toplevel of the work tree if not from a .gitignore file).|
|o||Otherwise, git treats the pattern as a shell glob suitable for consumption by fnmatch(3) with the FNM_PATHNAME flag: wildcards in the pattern will not match a / in the pathname. For example, "Documentation/*.html" matches "Documentation/git.html" but not "Documentation/ppc/ppc.html" or "tools/perf/Documentation/perf.html".|
|o||A leading slash matches the beginning of the pathname. For example, "/*.c" matches "cat-file.c" but not "mozilla-sha1/sha1.c".|
All arguments are optional so calling git-ignore alone will display first the global then the local gitignore files:
If you only want to see the global context use the --global argument (for local use --local):
$ git ignore Global gitignore: /home/alice/.gitignore # Numerous always-ignore extensions *.diff *.err *.orig *.rej *.swo *.swp *.vi *~ *.sass-cache
# OS or Editor folders .DS_Store .Trashes ._* Thumbs.db --------------------------------- Local gitignore: .gitignore .cache .project .settings .tmproj nbproject
To quickly append a new pattern to the default/local context simply:
$ git ignore Global gitignore: /home/alice/.gitignore .DS_Store .Trashes ._* Thumbs.db
You can now configure any patterns without ever using an editor, with a context and pattern arguments: The resulting configuration is also returned for your convenience.
$ git ignore *.log Adding pattern(s) to: .gitignore ... adding '*.log'
$ git ignore --local "" "# Temporary files" *.tmp "*.log" tmp/* "" "# Files I'd like to keep" '!work' "" Adding pattern(s) to: .gitignore ... adding '' ... adding '# Temporary files' ... adding 'index.tmp' ... adding '*.log' ... adding 'tmp/*' ... adding '' ... adding '# Files I'd like to keep' ... adding '!work' ... adding ''
Local gitignore: .gitignore
# Temporary files index.tmp *.log
# Files I'd like to keep !work
Written by Tj Holowaychuk <firstname.lastname@example.org> and Tema Bolshakov <email@example.com> and Nick Lombard <firstname.lastname@example.org>
|GIT-IGNORE (1)||December 2015|