GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  LAM (1)

NAME

lam - laminate files

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Examples
See Also
Standards
History
Authors
Bugs

SYNOPSIS

lam [-f min. max] [-s sepstring] [-t c] lam [-p min. max] [-s sepstring] [-t c]

DESCRIPTION

The lam utility copies the named files side by side onto the standard output. The n-th input lines from the input files are considered fragments of the single long n-th output line into which they are assembled. The name ‘-’ means the standard input, and may be repeated.

Normally, each option affects only the file after it. If the option letter is capitalized it affects all subsequent files until it appears again uncapitalized. The options are described below:
-f min. max
  Print line fragments according to the format string min. max, where min is the minimum field width and max the maximum field width. If min begins with a zero, zeros will be added to make up the field width, and if it begins with a ‘-’, the fragment will be left-adjusted within the field.
-p min. max
  Like -f , but pad this file’s field when end-of-file is reached and other files are still active.
-s sepstring
  Print sepstring before printing line fragments from the next file. This option may appear after the last file.
-t c The input line terminator is c instead of a newline. The newline normally appended to each output line is omitted.

To print files simultaneously for easy viewing use pr(1).

EXAMPLES

The command
lam file1 file2 file3 file4

joins 4 files together along each line. To merge the lines from four different files use

lam file1 -S "\
" file2 file3 file4

Every 2 lines of a file may be joined on one line with

lam - - < file

and a form letter with substitutions keyed by ‘@’ can be done with

lam -t @ letter changes

SEE ALSO

join(1), paste(1), pr(1), printf(3)

STANDARDS

Some of the functionality of lam is standardized as the paste(1) utility by -p1003.2.

HISTORY

The lam utility first appeared in BSD 4.2 .

AUTHORS


.An John A. Kunze

BUGS

The lam utility does not recognize multibyte characters.
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index


Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.